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Organics Policy Roadmap. Sub-directive 6.1: 50% reduction of organics in waste stream by 2020 Need additional capacity to process 15 million tons per year Additional capacity for ~3 million tons per year may be needed depending on ADC policy. Waste Stream Characterization.

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Organics policy roadmap
Organics Policy Roadmap

  • Sub-directive 6.1: 50% reduction of organics in waste stream by 2020

  • Need additional capacity to process 15 million tons per year

  • Additional capacity for ~3 million tons per year may be needed depending on ADC policy

Waste stream characterization
Waste Stream Characterization

  • 40 Million tons disposed

  • 70% Carbon-based organics

  • 30% is compostable organics

  • 21% is paper

  • 15% is food

Common issues
Common Issues

6 key issue categories

  • ADC policy

  • Economic incentives

  • Siting and capacity

  • Regulations and permitting

  • Research

  • Education

Adc policy
ADC Policy

  • Diversion credit is a barrier

  • No incentives that place a premium on landfill diversion options

  • Organic-based ADC results in less material available for composting, biomass-to-energy, etc

  • Landfill tip fees less expensive than alternative management methods

  • ADC is beneficial in areas where soil is lacking and expensive to transport

Economic incentives disincentives
Economic Incentives/Disincentives

  • Organics-base ADC is less expensive alternative to composting

  • Need full cost accounting to value benefits of compost

  • Need funding of new technologies

  • Lack of funding incentives for alternatives drives market towards landfilling

  • Lack of financing has hindered expanding capacity

Siting and capacity development
Siting and Capacity Development

  • Need funding mechanism for additional infrastructure

  • No requirement in Siting Elements for processing capacity information

  • Resistance by residents

  • No direct Board involvement at local level

  • Legislative action may be necessary

Regulatory and permitting constraints
Regulatory and Permitting Constraints

  • Interagency Coordination

    • Lack of coordination by multiple agencies to streamline permit process

    • Inconsistencies and/or contradictory goals across regulatory agencies

  • CIWMB Composting Regulations

    • Currently need full solid waste facility permit for composting operations that accept food waste


  • Need research at all levels

    • Feedstock specific

    • Coordination of research between agencies

  • Lack of emissions data or lifecycle benefits of organic materials management methods

  • Need to develop product standards and addressfeedstock contamination

Education and procurement
Education and Procurement

  • Need consumers, regulators, producers to be educated on benefits/value of composting

  • Poor public perception and lack of trust of compost facilities

    • May stem from not understanding value of compost

    • Need to understandbest management practices that compost facilities use to minimize impacts

Policy roadmap and schedule
Policy Roadmap and Schedule

  • Staff has developed Roadmap and Schedule for discussion

  • Addresses six common issues identified by stakeholders

  • Includes three allocation proposals that support Organics Roadmap

Adc policy1
ADC Policy

  • March 2008 Policy Item

  • Separate and more detailed analysis

    • Regional breakdowns

    • Impact on local jurisdictions

    • Summary of European Union bans and phase outs

  • Analyze options suggested by stakeholders

    • ADC phase outs

    • Differential surcharge for green waste ADC

    • Differential diversion credit

  • Pros and Cons of different policy options

Economic incentives disincentives1
Economic Incentives/Disincentives

  • May 2008 - Initial analysis

  • Analyze options suggested by stakeholders

    • Carbon credits and tax credits

    • Tradable diversion credits

    • Landfill surcharge used for infrastructure development

    • Create co-location incentives

    • Require pre-processing prior to disposal

  • May require legislative action

Siting and capacity development1
Siting and Capacity Development

  • April 2008 Workshop

  • Analysis of stakeholder recommendations

    • Landfill surcharge to fund new facilities

    • Change requirements of Siting Element

    • Require statewide processing capacity goal

    • More direct Board involvement during local planning process

  • Will seek additional input from stakeholders

Regulatory and permitting constraints1
Regulatory and Permitting Constraints

  • Interagency Coordination

    • Continue collaboration with AQMDs and Water Boards

  • CIWMB Regulation Revisions

    • SD 8.4 - conduct review of existing regulations

    • January 2008 – Rulemaking Calendar presented

    • May include food waste composting issues

  • Other stakeholder recommendations may require legislative action


  • January 2008 Agenda Item

    • Scope of Work approval for biofuels RFP

  • February 2008 Agenda Item

    • Policy item on Research Model

  • Several ongoing and planned activities

    • Organics lifecycle assessment

    • Compost emissions testing

    • Three contract allocation proposals

    • Two other concepts considered by staff but are lower priority for current fiscal year

Education and procurement1
Education and Procurement

  • February 2008 - Caltrans-dedicated workshop at US Composting Council conference in Oakland

  • Proposing additional Caltrans workshops and field demonstrations

    • Targeting all Caltrans districts and local government

    • Will include field-demonstration component

    • Potential to increase procurement

  • Current Ag. Specifications contract may yield increased compost/mulch procurement

  • Need quantifiable benefits of compost/mulch before additional educational efforts

2007 d 6 caltrans demonstration and workshops
2007-D-6: Caltrans Demonstration and Workshops

  • $200,000 Interagency Agreement with UC Riverside

  • Incorporates field demonstrations in addition to classroom workshops

  • Local government workshops throughout state

  • Training “scholarships” for key Caltrans personnel

  • Addresses Education and Procurement Issue

2007 d 7 compost bmps and benefits
2007-D-7: Compost BMPs and Benefits

  • $150,000 contract (IAA or RFP)

  • Identify gaps in research

  • Field demonstrations to quantify benefits

    • Erosion control

    • Water conservation

    • Landscape re-vegetation in fire-ravaged areas

  • Addresses Economic Incentives/Disincentives Issue

2007 d 8 compost cover at landfills
2007-D-8: Compost Cover at Landfills

  • $100,000 Contract (IAA or RFP)

  • Measure effectiveness of compost to control methane emissions

  • Would address research gaps identified by SCS Engineers BMP survey

  • Contract would allow for field demonstrations

  • Addresses Research Issue

  • Waste Compliance and Mitigation staff lead

Board options
Board Options

  • Option 1:

    • Implement proposed Roadmap and Schedule;

    • Approve Organics Concepts

  • Option 2:

    • Implement Proposed Roadmap and Schedule with revisions

    • Approve Organics Concepts

      Option 3:

    • Make changes to Roadmap, Schedule and Organics Concepts

    • Return at later date for further consideration

Staff recommendation
Staff Recommendation

  • Option 1 and adopt Resolution Numbers:

    • 2007-253

    • 2007-254

    • 2007-255

  • Requesting delegation to Executive Director for Scope of Work approval