rhetorical terms n.
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Rhetorical Terms. Period 5. ALLUSION. Brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious or to a work of art Ex). Augustus' love of sweets was his Achilles heel . Alison Takahashi. Alliteration. uh-lit-uh- rey - shuhn.

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ALLUSION

Brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious or to a work of art

Ex). Augustus' love of sweets was his Achilles heel

Alison Takahashi

alliteration

Alliteration

uh-lit-uh-rey-shuhn

A repetition of the same sound beginning several words in a sequence.

Example: apt alliteration's artful aid

anadiplosis

Anadiplosis

Anadiplosis is the repetition of the last word of a preceding clause. The word is used at the end of a sentence and then used again at the beginning of the next sentence.

For Example: “Information is not knowledge, knowledge is not wisdom, wisdom is not truth, truth is not beauty, beauty is not love, love is not music and music is the best.” –Frank Zappa

anaphora uh naf er uh

ANAPHORAuh-naf-er-uh

repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of two or more successive phrases, clauses, or sentences

We want freedom by any means necessary. We want justice by any means necessary. We want equality by any means necessary.

—Malcolm X

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Antimetabole

Definition:

  • A repetition of words in reverse order

Pronunciation:

AN-tee-meh-tuh-bahl

antithesis

“My only love sprung from my only hate”

Antithesis

Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel opposition.

an-tith-uh-sis

archaic diction
Archaic Diction

Definition:

Words such as “thee”, and “thou” that are no longer used commonly, but were once used in (for example) Shakespeare’s time.

Examples:

“beseech”, “hither”, “aught”, “mark” (as in notice), “doth”, etc.

Etymology:

The word “archaic” comes from the Greek word arkhaismos, meaning “to copy the ancients.”

The word “diction” comes from the Latin dicerewhich means “to speak.”

asyndeton

uh-sin-di-ton

Asyndeton

A stylistic scheme in which conjunctions are deliberately omitted from a series of clauses

I came, and I saw, and I conquered!

cumulative sentence

Cumulative Sentence:

A sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence, and then continues to build and add on!

Pronunciation:

[Cu-mu-la-tive] [sen-tence]

denotation connotation

Denotation/Connotation

Snake:

Denotation-any of numerous scaly, legless, sometimes venomous reptiles having a long, tapering, cylindrical body and found in most tropical and temperate regions

Connotation-evil or danger

Denotation is the dictionary definition of the word

Connotation are the words that get associated with the denotative meanings

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Heteroglossia

\he-tə-rō-glä-sē-ə

the existence of two or more voices within a text, esp. conflicting discourses within a linguistic activity as between the narrative voice and the characters in a novel

A good example of heteroglossia would be all the different languages you use in the course of a day. You talk to your friends in one way, to your professor in another way, to your parents in a third way, to a waiter in a restaurant in a fourth way, etc.

hortative sentence
Hortative Sentence
  • hor·ta·tive (hôr t -t v) adj. Hortatory
  • Giving strong encouragement
  • Hortative Sentence - Sentence that exhorts, advices, calls to action
  • Example - Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us.
imperative sentence

IMPERATIVE SENTENCE

A sentence used to command, enjoin, implore, or entreat.

inversion

Inversion

Inverted order of words in a sentence

Variation of the subject-verb-object order

Example: Over the river and through the woods to Grandmother’s house go we.

the placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrast

Juxtaposition

the placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrast.

Juhk-stuh-puh-zish-uhn

Pronunciation :

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Litotes

An understatement, especially that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary

Lahy-toh-teez

metaphor

METAPHOR

“Time is money”

Figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by comparison

met-uh-fawr

metonyomy

Metonyomy

[mi-ton-uh-mee]

Using a single feature to represent the whole

Lend me your ears!

oxymoron
Oxymoron
  • ox·y·mo·ron. Noun, plural ox·y·mo·rons
  • A combination of contradictory or incongruous words
  • Something (as a concept) that is made up of contradictory or incongruous elements
  • Example: Cruel Kindness
parallelism

Parallelism

A parallel or comparison; the relation of parallels

par-uh-le-liz-uhm, -luh-liz

Ask not what your country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country.

--John F. Kennedy

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Periodic Sentence

  • peer-ee-od-iksen-tns

A sentence in which the completion of the main clause is left to the end, thus creating an effect of suspense

“When you have got an elephant by the hind leg, and he is trying to run away, it’s best to let him run.”

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Paraleipsis

A rhetorical device in which an idea is emphasized by the pretence that it is too obvious to discuss.

“I’ll not mention the crimes my opponent committed.”

Par-uh-lip-sis

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Periphrasis

  • The use of an unnecessarily long or roundabout form of expression; circumlocution.
  • Cameron Weekley
personification

Personification

Giving lifelike or human qualities to non-living or inanimate objects or ideas

Opportunity Knocking at the Door

{per-sä-ne-fe-kā-shen}

the use of several conjunctions in close succession especially where some might be omitted

Polysyndeton

The use of several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omitted

Pol-ee-sin-di-ton

“I did the dishes and vacuumed and did laundry and made dinner and ran errands so that’s why I’m exhausted!”

it can increase the rhythm of prose, speed or slow its pace, convey solemnity or even ecstasy and childlike exuberance.!

rhetorical question

Rhetorical Question

Definition: Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather than for the purpose of getting an answer

Who doesn’t love a rhetorical question?

rhe·tor·i·cal. adj \ri-ˈtȯr-i-kəl, -ˈtär

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Synecdoche

\sə-’nek-də-(,)kē\

A figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole

“All Hands on Deck”

self reflexive

Self- Reflexive

When a sentence refers to itself

Example: “this sentence is self- reflexive.”

“This is not a pipe.”

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Tri-Colon Crescendo

  • A string of 3 ideas arranged in order of intensity

Ex) “I came, I fought, I conquered”

Alison Takahashi

zeugma

Zeugma

A figure of speech in which a word is used to modify two or more words giving a different meaning to each.

Ex. He caught a fish and a cold.

[zoog-muh]