The Olympic G am e s. In Ancient Greece. The Olympic games started in Ancient Greece in 776bc . No women were allowed to watch the games and only Greek nationals could participate . The Olympic games originated in athletic contests in honour of Zeus at Olympia.
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In Ancient Greece
The Olympic games started in Ancient Greece in 776bc . No women were allowed to watch the games and only Greek nationals could participate. The Olympic games originated in athletic contests inhonour of Zeus at Olympia.
The Olympic games included competitions for trumpeters. Horse races involved lots of falling off, because Greek riders had no stirrups. It was easier to drive a chariot.
Only men, boys and unmarried girls were allowed to attend the Olympic Games. Married women were not allowed into the Olympic Games. Any women caught sneaking in were punished! Women could own horses in the chariot race though.
Unmarried women had their own festival at Olympia every four years. This was the Heraia, held in honour of Hera, wife of Zeus. At the festival there were three different running events and women of girls could take part in it. Winners were awarded crowns of sacred olive branches, the same as men. As a rule Greek women did not go in for sport, unless they were Spartans.
On this pot you can see two boxers competing against each other in the Olympics, It must of really hurt as they weren't allowed to wear clothes, even when they were boxing!
This picture shows a winner at the Games receiving his prize of palm branches. He is also given wool ribbons to tie around his head, arms or legs.
In the ancient Olympics there were a number of events and here are a few.
Boxing: Boxers fought until one man was knocked out, or admitted he had been beaten. Unlike the modern sport, there were no rounds, and there was no rule against hitting an opponent when he was down.
Pankration: Like a combination of boxing and wrestling, in this event the combatants were allowed to punch, though biting and gouging an opponent's eyes, nose, or mouth with fingernails was not allowed.
Wrestling: This event was similar to the modern sport - with three successful throws necessary to win a match. An athlete needed to throw his opponent on the ground, landing on a hip, shoulder, or back for a fair fall. Biting and genital holds were illegal.
Some ancient events included a relay race in which a torch was passed from one runner to the next, the last runner of the winning team lit a fire on the altar this event has been adapted for the modern Olympics as lighting the Olympic flame.
Ancient immortal spirit, pure father
Of the beautiful, the great and the true,
Descend, appear, and emblaze this place
With the glory of your own earth and sky.
In the race, the grappling, and the toss,
Kindle the impulse in all noble contests,
Crown with the perennial wreath,
And fashion the steely and worthy body.
Plains, mountains, and seas glow in your presence
Like some great clear porphyrous shrine,
And every nation hurries here to your temple
In supplication, ancient immortal spirit.
Costis Palamas (1859-1942)
To find out more about the ancient Olympics click the link below.