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The Consumer Council Of Zimbabwe (CCZ) World Consumer Rights Day 2006. Take action on energy –sustainable access for all Harare Club, 30 March 2006 Consumer Concerns On Sustainable Energy Access And The Anticipated SADC 2007 Energy Crisis. Eng. Martin Manuhwa

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the consumer council of zimbabwe ccz world consumer rights day 2006
The Consumer Council Of Zimbabwe (CCZ)World Consumer Rights Day 2006

Take action on energy –sustainable access for all

Harare Club, 30 March 2006

Consumer Concerns On Sustainable Energy Access And The Anticipated SADC 2007 Energy Crisis.

Eng. Martin Manuhwa

(Deputy President – The Zimbabwe Institution of Engineers)

(Managing Director: Industrial Energy Solutions IES (P/L))

e-mail: unitel@mweb.co.zw, mmanuhwa1@yahoo.com

outline of presentation
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
  • INTRODUCTION
  • CONSUMER CONCERN ON DEFICIT
  • CONSUMER REPRESENTATION
  • SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DEV
  • OPTIONS FOR SUPPLY
  • WAY FORWARD
  • CONCLUSION
introduction energy
INTRODUCTION:Energy

Access to energy

1 billion people in industrialized

countries consume 60%

of total energy supply;

5 billion people in developing

countries consume 40 %

Energy “business”

Turnover of about

US$ 2.4 trillion in 2000

The productivity of 1/3 of

world’s people is compromised

by lack of access to

commercial energy.

Another third suffers economic

hardship due to unreliable energy supplies

Energy necessary

to achieving

sustainable

development

structural reform of the energy sector
Structural reform of the energy sector
  • Privatization, increasing competition, unbundling of monopolies, deregulation

Developed countries:

poor performance of state owned

energy companies;

subsidy burdens; over investment

Developing countries:

+

debt crisis; capital shortages

Externalization of services; new services

International Trade in Services

what energy services are
What energy services are?
  • They are required at each step of the energy process from the location of the potential energy source to its distribution to the final consumer

Value added in the energy chain

energy services in the market
“Traditional Services”

exploration

extraction

drilling

Infrastructure

pipeline construction

“Emerging services”

gas & electricity transmission and distribution

operation of power pools

energy trading/ brokering

energy management

Energy services in the market

Increasingly

technology-intensive

Emerging from

structural reform

consumer concerns
CONSUMER CONCERNS
  • The energy sector is a chain of interrelated activities but the classification is fragmented and non-exhaustive
  • Lack of Access
  • Prohibitive Connection Fees
  • Poor Customer Services
consumer concerns1
CONSUMER CONCERNS
  • Poor System Reinforcement
  • Lack of Capacity
  • Blackouts
  • Vandalism
  • Electricity Pricing
consumer concerns2
CONSUMER CONCERNS
  • Coverage and continuity of service
  • Affordability
  • Sustainability
  • Consumer Representation
consumer concerns3
CONSUMER CONCERNS
  • Efficiency
  • Economic burden & Gender Sensitivity
  • Environment
  • Health
developing country challenge
Developing country challenge

Achieving a broader, sustainable, and more reliable and efficient

access to energy

Obtaining a greater share

of the energy “business”

implications for developing countries
Energy producers developing countries

- few commitments in their GATS schedules

import traditional energy services

flexibility to liberalize and seek reciprocal concessions

Developing countries

limited experience with reform in the energy sector

effective domestic energy policies promoted by a better understanding of market reform

Implications for developing countries
sustainable energy development
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
  • Improved access
  • Security of supply
  • Environment
conclusions
Conclusions

Access to energy is crucial

for development

Rapid developments in the

sector: need to better understand

the implications

  • Policy measures
  • Energy Management
  • Renewables
  • Consumer Representation

Freer trade in energy

services may

facilitate access to energy

Energy services are the value

added in the energy chain:

developing countries wish

to increase their participation