NorthStar Unit 2 Country life vs. City Life Presented by : Azza Khattab Omar
The main idea of the unit • The unit compares life in the city to life in the country. Some people prefer living in the country. They think they can enjoy nature. They can also enjoy the quiet and peaceful life there. Others, like living in the city. They like enjoying all the facilities in the city.
Vocabulary • Birth (n) • Courage (n) – courageous (adj) • Crops (n) • Dependent (adj) X independent • Income (n) • Nature (n) • Proud of (adj)
More vocabulary • Quit (v) : leave • Raise (v) • Responsibility (n) – responsible for ( adj) • Sunrise (n) X sunset • Woods (n) : small forests
Focus on vocabulary Different structures with different meanings • Use (v) : to use something I use a knife to cut bread. • Used to + infinitive(v) : had a habit in the past I used to be a student when I was young. • Is / are / am / was / were / get / gets / got +used to + verb + ing I am used to living in big cities. ( I don’t find it strange. )
Style The paragraph • A paragraph should have : 1- A topic sentence ( which has the main idea ) 2- Supporting details or sentences. ( they make the main idea clear and they support it too) 3- A concluding sentence (It repeats the main idea )
Rules for writing a paragraph • 1- You should indent the first sentence five spaces. • 2- Whenever you start a new sentence , you should start with a capital letter. • You should follow the rules of punctuation.
Grammar The simple past tense • We use the simple past tense when we refer to an action that started and finished in the past. He played football yesterday. • Form: A regular verb is changed into the past simple when we add d / ed / ied to its end.
Spelling rules of the simple past • We add d the the regular verb that ends with ( e) arrive ………….> arrived We change the ( y) into ( ied ) if it has a consonant before it. carry …………..> carried We add ) ed ) to the rest of the regular verbs walk ……………> walked We double the last letter of the regular verb if it has a vowel before it. stop ……………….> stopped
Irregular verbs • Irregular verbs are three types: No change : put ……..> put cut ………> cut One change buy ………> bought spend ………> spent Two changes go …….> went ……> gone do……..> did …….> done
More about the simple past • Some words and phrases refer to the simple past. yesterday , last week , ago , in the past , in 1420 / in 2003 ………….. Negative form: We use ( did not before the base verb ) when we change the simple past into the negative case. He didn’t go to school last week. I didn’t watch TV yesterday evening.
Review exercises • Choose the correct answer : • 1- She usually …………….the scissors to cut her sister’s hair. • a) uses b) is used to c) used to d) used • 2- They …………………..living in crowded areas. They don’t find it strange. • a) uses b) are used to c) used to d) used • 3- I …………….get up early . But now , I don’t. • a) uses b) are used to c) used to d) used • 4- In the past , people ……..travel by camels. Now , they travel by cars , planes…etc • a) uses b) are used to c) used to d) used • 5- How ………………….such a mess? It’s really getting on my nerves. • a) do you use b) are you used to c) did you use to d) are you using • 6- People ………….. get water from wells . Now they have taps in their houses. • a) uses b) are used to c) used to d) used
More exercises • 7- I …………..to live in London. Now I live in Paris. • a) uses b) are used to c) used to d) used • 8- Three years ago , he ( work ) at a bakery . ( Correct ) • a) Three years ago , he worked at a bakery . • b) Three years ago , he works at a bakery . • c) Three years ago , he is working at a bakery. • d) Three years ago , he working at a bakery. • 9- walked/ school /morning/ to/ he/ yesterday • ( Rearrange to form a correct sentence ) • a) He yesterday morning walked to school . • b) Yesterday morning , he walked to school . • c) He walked to school yesterday morning . • d) Both b and c
More exercises • 10- I was at home yesterday evening . ( Form a yes/no question ) • a) Where were you yesterday evening ? • b) Were you at home yesterday evening ? • c) Did you at home yesterday evening ? • d) Were they at home yesterday evening ? • 11- He drank a cup of tea last night . ( Change into negative ) • a) He doesn’t drink a cup of tea last night . • b) He didn’t drank a cup of tea last night . • c) He didn’t drink a cup of tea last night . • d) He wasn’t drink a cup of tea last night .