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Using Rubrics to Assess Learning. Tamara H. Rosier Assistant Director for Assessment, Pew FTLC, Fall 2007. Why are you here today? What do you need to know?. After this session, you will be able to…. Articulate the advantages of a rubric Describe the pitfalls to rubrics

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using rubrics to assess learning

Using Rubrics to Assess Learning

Tamara H. Rosier

Assistant Director for Assessment, Pew FTLC, Fall 2007

after this session you will be able to
After this session, you will be able to…
  • Articulate the advantages of a rubric
  • Describe the pitfalls to rubrics
  • Evaluate projects using a rubric
  • Learn how to how to develop a rubric
  • Evaluate rubrics
what is a rubric
What is a rubric?

“Rubrics are explicit schemes for classifying products or behaviors into categories that vary along a continuum.”

(Allen, M. 2002).

rubrics are
Rubrics are
  • A brief statement describing a certain quantity or quality of work, learning or behavior.
  • Often organized in descending order
rubric affect the quality of assessment
Rubric affect the quality of assessment.
  • Define  expectations
  • Evaluate complex projects
  • Quantify papers/projects
  • Inter-rater reliability
  • Criterion rather than reference based assessment
  • Ratings can be completed by others
rubrics affect the quality of learning
Rubrics affect the quality of learning.
  • Clarifies content and objectives.
    • Students understand what they must do or learn in order to achieve a satisfactory grade.
  • Encourages students to self-monitor.
    • Students assume responsibility for the quality and quality of their work.
  • Allows the grading process to be clearer.
    • Student learning has been specified and therefore easier to measure.
challenges associated with rubrics
Challenges associated with rubrics.
  • Validity - aligned with curriculum?
  • Reliability
    • same score for same quality?
    • Inter-rater reliability
  • Even steps – are the levels within the rubric approximately equal?
  • Weighted scores - are all attributes equally important?
developing a rubric 3 key questions
Developing arubric… 3keyquestions
  • What to do want your students to accomplish through this assignment?
  • What is it worth?
  • What scale will I use?
what to do want your students to accomplish through this assignment
What to do want your students to accomplish through this assignment?
  • Create a list of these objectives.
  • Group similar objectives in categories or themes. (For example, quality of content and synthesis of information may be categorized as “critical thinking”.)
what is it worth
What is it worth?
  • Decide the overall point value for the assignment.
  • Organize the identified criteria from most important to least important. (for example, a biology professor may decide that while grammar and other surface features are important and should be counted, he does not need to weigh it as heavily as he may weigh the analysis criteria.)
  • Decide how you will calculate a grade.
what scale will i use
What scale will I use?
  • Decide how many levels of ability you will identify in your grading.
  • List characteristics that describe each objective.
  • Identify ways to describe above expectation, meets expectation, and below expectation.
  • Criteria like "clear," "organized," and "interesting" may not mean much to students when they sit down to revise.
using a rubric when teaching
Using a rubric when teaching…
  • Distribute rubric to students when you assign the paper or project.
  • Teach students how to use the rubric.
  • Collect their paper or project after they have assessed their work.
  • It is very useful to ask students to write about the quality of their work.
  • Decide what you will do if a student realizes that he or she did not meet the requirements while writing this assessment.
using a rubric to assess
Using a rubric to assess…
  • Read definitions of terms
  • Examine project/paper
  • Start comparing project to the worst level first
  • Proceed through the rubric one step at a time
  • Project must satisfy ALL elements of the step before moving to next step
  • No half scores
  •  Arter, J., & McTighe, J. (2001). Scoring rubrics in the classroom: Using performance criteria for assessing and improving student performance. Thousand oaks: Corwin Press.
  • Goodrich, H. (1996). Understanding rubrics. Educational Leadership, 54(4), 14-17.
  • Popham, J. W. (1997). What's wrong—and what's right—with rubrics. Educational Leadership, 55(2), 72-75.
  • Stevens, D. D., & Levi, A. J. (2005). Introduction to Rubrics: An assessment tool to save grading time, convey effective feedback, and promote student learning. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.
  • Wiggins, G. (1998). Educative assessment: designing assessments to inform and improve student performance. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.