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Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: A policy and practice overview PowerPoint Presentation
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Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: A policy and practice overview. Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure . Occupational skin diseases are among the most important emerging risks They are most common – after MSDs occupational diseases

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Presentation Transcript
occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure
Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure
  • Occupational skin diseases are among the most important emerging risks
  • They are most common – after MSDs occupational diseases
    • Examples of sectors and occupations at risk – in Appendix I
    • National polices and practices related to dermal exposure and skin diseases – in Appendix II
recognition of occupational skin diseases
Recognition of occupational skin diseases
  • European list of occupational diseases – Commission’s Recommendation 2003/670/EC of 19 September 2003 includes a schedule of diseases recognised as occupational in origin
  • Member States

determine criteria for recognition of diseases as occupational - national lists may be more or less comprehensive than the European schedule

  • EUROSTAT

collects statistical information on occupational diseases, including those affecting skin

occupational skin diseases
Occupational skin diseases
  • Resemble other skin disease
  • Localised effects
    • Irritation/burns/urticaria – acids, bases, solvents
    • Sensitisation/allergy/phototoxicity – latex, PAH
    • Skin cancer – UV, CrVI
    • Skin infections – fungi,
    • Changed epidermal production – acne – PCB, dioxins
    • Effects of physical agents – heat, cold, radiation
  • Systemic effects
    • Blood disorders – leukaemia - benzene
dermal exposure
Dermal exposure
  • Legislation applicable – includes numerous Directives related to dangerous substances – chemical, biological, physical risks
  • No Occupational Exposure Levels
  • Little data related to occupational dermal exposure
  • RISKOFDERM – project aiming at development of tools for assessment of dermal exposure
  • CEN/TS15279 – ‘Workplace exposure – measurement of dermal exposure- principles and methods’
assessment of the risk of dermal exposure
Assessment of the risk of dermal exposure
  • Risk identification process
    • Importance of occupational/employment history, including current exposures
    • Medical examination of the skin
    • Inspection of the workplace
  • Methods of controlling the risk
    • Removal of risk factor- substitution
    • Engineering controls – enclosed systems, automation, ventilation
    • Organisational measures
    • Information and education
    • Personal protective equipment
    • General housekeeping and personal hygiene
conclusions
Conclusions
  • There are differences in national lists of occupational (skin) diseases
  • Collecting of comparable statistical information related to occurrence of occupational skin diseases is very important for evaluation of the scale of the problem
  • Lack of occupational exposure standards and validated methods of assessment of skin exposure are some of the main issues in developing risk assessment models
challenges
Challenges
  • Uniform framework for recognition and recording of occupational skin diseases needs to be developed
  • Validated models for evaluation of exposure through skin are needed
  • Raising awareness among workers and employers of risks resulting from exposure to chemical, biological and physical hazards is essential to achieve lasting improvement
occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure more information available at
Occupational skin diseases and dermal exposure: More information available at:
  • Agency’s information on dangerous substances http://osha.europa.eu/en/topics/ds
  • Publication: http://osha.europa.eu/en/publications/reports/TE7007049ENC_skin_diseases/view
  • European Risk Observatory: http://riskobservatory.osha.europa.eu
  • European Agency for Safety and Health at Work: http://osha.europa.eu/

Thank you for your attention!