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Management information system

Management information system

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Management information system

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  1. Part 03 Management Information Systems Third Year Information Technology Management information system Tushar B Kute, Department of Information Technology, Sandip Institute of Technology and Research Centre, Nashik

  2. The initial concept of MIS was to process data from the organization and present it in the form of reports at regular intervals. • The concept of MIS today is to handle the databases , providing computing facilities to end user and give a variety of decision making tools to the user of the system. • Data analysis: • Concepts of management science • Management accounting • Operational Research • Organizational Behavior • Engineering • Computer Science • Engineering Management information system

  3. The MIS can be evolved for a specific objective if it is evolved after systematic planning and design. It calls for analysis of a business, management views and policies, organization culture and the management style. MIS relies heavily on System Theory. That is, it involves solution to handle the complex situation of the input and output flows. Management information system

  4. Functional Management Information Systems

  5. Management Information Systems • MIS outputs • Scheduled reports • Demand reports • Exception reports

  6. Conceptual view of mis Management Information System Business Goal and Mission Application of pure and social science Support Structure to MIS Applications of principles and Practices of Management Use of database and knowledge base IT and Enterprise Software

  7. Physical view of mis Management Information System Business Information System Mission Critical Applications Integrated IS Structure Functional Information Applications Database and knowledge base Data processing and Data analysis OLTP, Data and validation Systems

  8. Product of multi-disciplinary approach to business management. Dynamic Design. Organization Change. MIS

  9. A system which provides information support for decision making in the organization. An integrated system of man and machine for providing the information to support the operations, the management and decision making functions in the organization. A system based on the database of the organization evolved for purpose of providing information to the people in the organization. A computer-based information system. MIS: Definition

  10. In order to get better grip on activity of information processing, it is necessary to have a formal system which should take care of the following: • Handling of voluminous data • Confirmation of the validity of data and transaction. • Complex processing of data and multidimensional analysis. • Quick Search and retrieval • Mass storage. • Communication of IS to the user on time. • Fulfilling the changing need of the organization. MIS

  11. It can be compared with the heart in the body. That is, information is the blood and MIS is the heart. The system ensures that an appropriate data is collected from the various sources, processed and sent further to the needy destinations. The system is expected to fulfill the information needs of individual, group of individuals, the management functionaries: the managers and top management. The MIS satisfies the diverse needs through Query Systems, Analysis Systems, Modeling Systems, Decision Support Systems. Role of mis

  12. MIS helps in • Strategic Planning • Management control • Operational control • Transaction processing • Helps middle management- • Short term planning • Target setting • Controlling the business functions. • Helps top management- • Goal setting • Strategic planning • Evolving the business plans and their implementations. Role of mis

  13. Efficiency in marketing, finance, production, and personnel becomes more efficient. The tracking and monitoring of functional targets becomes easy. Understanding of the business itself. (e.g. clarity in communication). Systemization of the business operations for an effective system design. This process brings high degree of professionalism in the business operations. Pulls the whole organization in one direction towards the corporate goals and objectives. Motivates an enlightened manager to use variety of tools of the management. Creates an information-based work culture in the organization. Impact of mis

  14. Every person in the organization is a user of the MIS. The MIS caters the needs of the organization. The MIS offers the methods and facilities to integrate the data and report in the same proper format. An executive plays the role of decision maker. The managers has position of responsibility and accountability for the business results. At the level of an officer and an executive, the MIS does the job of data manipulation and integration. Mis and the user

  15. Planning Organizing Staffing Coordinating Directing Controlling Steps in management process Management Control System

  16. Mis as a control system Actual vs STD Not OK Establish Standards of Performance Measure Performance Corrective Action OK No Action

  17. Early warning mechanism Performance standard Strategic control Feedback Realistic The information flow Exception principle Reliable and effective control system

  18. Mis: a support to management process Environment Management Goal Setting Planning Organizing Staffing Directing Coordinating Controlling Information Support MIS

  19. Planning • A selection to various alternatives- strategy, resource and methods etc. • Organization • A selection of combination out of several combinations of the goals, people, resources, methods and authority. • Staffing • Providing proper manpower complement • Directing • Choosing a method from the various methods of directing the efforts in the organization. • Coordinating • Choice of the tools and the techniques for coordinating the efforts for optimum results • Controlling • A selection of the exceptional conditions and providing the decision guidance to deal with them. Mis: a support to management

  20. Goals, objectives and targets

  21. The control of overall performance is made possible by the way of budget summaries and reports. The information improves knowledge, enriches experience and improves analytical abilities leading to better business judgement. A good MIS must furnish information to the managers to expand their knowledge base. Mis: tool for implementation of management process

  22. Organization as a system Tasks Culture People Goal Structure Technology

  23. WamanJawadekar, "Management Information Systems” , 4th Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. reference