Child Futures. New Jersey. Children Born in California (1999). Children Born in Los Angeles (1999). . Foster Care and UC. California Median Family Income. White $45,100 Latino $23,600 African American $26,400 Asian $42,000. What is the SAT?.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
African American $26,400
When was it developed. What is the history?
See: The Big Test, by Nicholas Lermann
The origin of the SAT is found in the early history of research on genetics and intelligence.
The early pioneers were Francis Galton and Thorndike. Galton’s work examined heredity and genetics.
Hereditary Genius, by Galton (1869)
Benet administered first IQ test 1905
EugenicsGalton, Thorndike, and more currently Murray“They thought of intelligence as being by far the most important human trait; they believed it was genetically inherited; they believed that the world’s dark-skinned races were inferior in intelligence to its lighter skinned ones; and they were concerned that unintelligent people were reproducing at a more rapid rate than intelligent ones, which would ultimately bring down the IQ of the entire human species.”p. 23
IQ testing The first large scale administration of a mental test occurred during World War I. Harvard Professor Robert Yerkes administered a test to more than 2 million recruits to help identify officer candidates. The data from this provided a major data base for analyzing mental test instruments. What was on the tests:
Say which word, or both or neither, has the same meaning as the first word
Impregnable terile vacuous
nominal exorbitant didactic
Carl Campbell Brigham (A Study of American Intelligence)Author of the first SAT.“held that there were three distinct white races in Europe—in descending order of intelligence, Nordic, Alpine, and Mediterranean—and that the United States was initially and successfully populated by the highest but was now being filled up with the lowest. Mediterraneans were not only immigrating but also reproducing in alarming numbers. On the Army IQ tests, Nordics scored higher than Alpines, who scored higher than Mediterraneans. [on the tests] the native-born scored higher than the foreign born, less recent immigrants scored higher than more recent immigrants, and whites scored higher than Negroes.” Lehmann (1999, p. 30)
Carl Campbell Brigham (A Study of American Intelligence)Author of the first SAT.“There were ironclad natural laws at work here, Brigham felt, and he warned that wishful thinkers who pretend otherwise were deluding themselves—writing for example: “Our figures, then, would rather tend to disprove the popular belief that the Jew is highly intelligent.” Brigham’s stern conclusion:“American intelligence is declining, and will proceed with an accelerating rate as the racial admixture becomes more and more extensive . . . These are the plain, if somewhat ugly, facts that our study shows.”Lehmann (1999, p. 30)
Carl Campbell Brigham “In 1930 he published a formal retraction of his book, A Study of American Intelligence, calling it “pretentious” and “without foundation.”His next book was titled, A Study of Error (1932) and concluded: “The test movement came to this country some twenty-five or thirty years ago accompanied by one of the most glorious fallacies in the history of science, namely, that the tests measured native intelligence purely and simply and without regard to training or schooling. .. The native intelligence hypothesis is dead.”
What does the SAT measure?It asks a series of multiple choice questions.The questions are not related to subjects studied– they are national tests of “aptitude.”
Rosenthal, R., and Jacobson, L. (1968). Pygmalion in the Classroom. New York: Rinehart and Winston.