Download
brown bag seminar 3rd july 2006 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Brown Bag Seminar, 3rd July 2006 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Brown Bag Seminar, 3rd July 2006

Brown Bag Seminar, 3rd July 2006

117 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Brown Bag Seminar, 3rd July 2006

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Brown Bag Seminar, 3rd July 2006

  2. Fao Treaty on PGRFA PGRFA=Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Presentation: -Treaty: Objective, History -Art. 6: Content -Notion of „Sustainable Use“ -Measures to promote „Sustainable Use“ -Link to International Trade Regime

  3. FaO Treaty on PGRFA FaO Treaty on PGRFA = Seed Treaty Objective, Art. 1: Sustainable agriculture and food safety through • conservation and sustainable use of resources • access to resources and sharing of benefits • in harmony with CBD (lex specialis)

  4. Protection of PGRFAs: Reasons Example: Diversity of Peppers grown in Guatemalan Home Gardens

  5. Protection of PGRFAs: Reasons FAO Definition of PGRFA: : -diversity of genetic material -contained in either traditional varieties or -modern cultivars -generally grown by farmers. „Plant genetic resources are the raw material used in the production of new cultivars: either through traditional plant breeding or through biotechnology, a reservoir of genetic material.“

  6. Fao Treaty: History 1983: FaO International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources 1992: Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 1997: FaO Report on the State of the World‘s Plant Genetic Resourcces for Food and Agriculture 2004: Adoption of FaO-Treaty > Competition between CBD and FaO

  7. FaO Treaty Art. 6 • FaO Treaty Implementation: Emphasis on Access and Benefit Sharing (Multilateral System, Art. 10ff) • Art. 6 FaO Treaty: „Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources“*

  8. FaO Treaty Art. 6 • Art. 6 para 1: „The Contracting Parties shall develop and maintain appropriate policy and legal measures that promote the sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.“ • History • Use: On-Farm (in-situ versus ex-situ)

  9. Sustainable Use • FaO Definition -cultivation of farmers -developing new varieties -management and distribution > in situ utilization is a prerequisite to crop improvement

  10. Sustainable Use: Legal Principle From a legal perspective: „Sustainable Use“ as a legal principle: part of Sustainable Development Concept Sustainable Development Concept: Umbrella Concept consisting of various Legal Principles

  11. Sustainable Use Legal Definition (Philippe Sands): Term „focuses on the adoption of [limiting] standards governing the rate of use or exploitation of specific natural resources rather than on their preservation for future generations“.

  12. Sustainable Use • „Sustainable“: limits (conservative aspect) • „Use“: development (dynamic aspect) > correlation

  13. Related Concepts • Older Terms: Wise use; rational utilization; proper utilization • Related concepts: • Ecosystem approach • Sustainable management: eg. sustainable forest management

  14. Promote Sustainable Use: Measures Art. 6 para 2 lit a: • pursue fair agricultural policies • that promote […]the development and maintenance of diverse farming systems • that enhance the sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity […]

  15. Recognition of Multifunctionality? • Switzerland: „Wichtige multifunktionale Aspekte der schweizerischen Agrarpolitik erhalten einen eigenständigen internationalen Rechtsrahmen. Dies kommt einer völkerrechtlichen Anerkennung von wesentlichen Dimensionen der Multifunktionalität der Landwirtschaft gleich.“ • Related Regional Initiatives: SARD; Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy

  16. Fair Agricultural Policies From an International Trade Perspective • Enough Policy Space on national / regional level? • WTO: Include Biodiversity Requirements into its notion of „Non Trade Concerns“ Concrete Impact on Agricultural Trade Rules?

  17. Operationalise Treaty Prof. Katharina Kummer