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Mgmt 583 Labor Relations. Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government Fall 2007. Growth in Healthcare Industry. Union membership is in decline, but hospitals offer growth opportunities for unions. 14.6% in bargaining units. 12.6% are union members (8.2% in private hospitals). Up 2% since 2005.

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Mgmt 583 labor relations

Mgmt 583 Labor Relations

Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government

Fall 2007

Growth in healthcare industry
Growth in Healthcare Industry

  • Union membership is in decline, but hospitals offer growth opportunities for unions.

    • 14.6% in bargaining units.

    • 12.6% are union members (8.2% in private hospitals).

    • Up 2% since 2005.

Hospital bargaining units
Hospital Bargaining Units

  • Eight predetermined categories:

    • Physicians

    • Registered nurses

    • Other professional employees

    • Medical technicians

    • Skilled maintenance workers

    • Clerical workers, guards

    • Other nonprofessional employees

  • No unit, however, will be certified that has fewer than six employees.

    Source: American Hosp. Ass'n v. NLRB, 499 U.S. 606 (1991).

Union structure locals
Union Structure: Locals

Membership Meeting


Vice President

Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at- Arms


The local
The Local

  • Represents the members of the BU in the day-to-day dealings with the employer.

  • How local jurisdiction is defined:

    • Type of work performed (craft v. industrial).

    • Specific geographic area (city or employer or facility).

    • Type of activity (bargaining, grievance handling, etc.)

    • Level of union governance (local v. national)

The local1
The Local

  • Remember that in IR there are only two partie: employer & union.

  • Employees are members of the union which represents them.

  • Member rights are protected by:

    • The Constitution of the local

    • CBA

  • Most union members do not participate in local business meetings (< 1/3).

Independent local unions
Independent Local Unions

  • Some unions may be independent of a national or the AFL-CIO

  • Independent Local Unions (ILU) represent employees of a single employer and no other.

Union structure locals1
Union Structure: Locals

  • Two major committees:

    • Executive Committee

      • President

      • Vice-president

      • Recording secretary

      • Financial secretary

      • Treasurer

      • Sergeant-at-arms

      • Shop Stewards

      • Business agents (craft unions)

    • Negotiation Committee

Union structure locals2
Union Structure: Locals

  • Negotiation Committee

    • Chief negotiator

    • Representative from the national

    • Cost specialist

    • Note taker/secretary

    • Language draftsman

Union structure locals3
Union Structure: Locals

  • Duties of the Shop Steward

    • Ensures first-line supervisors comply with the CBA

    • POC for initial grievance handling

    • Collects dues

    • Disseminates union information

    • Solicits support for union activities

  • Note: Usually enjoys superseniority

Union structure nationals1
Union Structure: Nationals

  • Originally nationals represented workers in a single industry as their names may imply.

    • “International” unions are such because they include Bus in Canada.

  • They have elected presidents but full-time professional staffs.

    • Presidents are elected at the national convention by delegates chosen by the locals.

Union structure nationals2
Union Structure: Nationals

  • Local-National Relationships

    • Responsible for organizing new locals

    • Charters locals

    • Requires national approval for:

      • Strikes

      • Contract ratification

    • Maintains strike fund

    • Maintains union pension funds

    • Provides IR support and expertise

Union structure nationals3
Union Structure: Nationals

  • Local-National Relationships

    • Promotes union legislative agendas

      • Health and safety laws

      • Equal pay laws

      • Civil rights laws

      • Minimum wage laws

      • Repeal right-to-work laws

      • Trade restrictions

Union structure nationals4
Union Structure: Nationals

  • National Goals:

    • Organizing to increase numbers and control a greater share of the labor market.

    • Enhance the satisfaction of existing members [aids retention].

  • Focus most strategic activities toward:

    • Corporate campaigns

    • PACs

    • Education

Union structure afl cio
Union Structure: AFL-CIO


(9 million workers)

National Unions

(53 Independent Unions)

Local Unions

Union structure afl cio1
Union Structure: AFL-CIO

  • President John J. Sweeney (1995- )

  • AFL-CIO was formed in 1955 when the AFL and the CIO mergered.

Union structure afl cio2
Union Structure: AFL-CIO

  • Primary Activities are Political:

    • Supporting pro-union candidates in national, state and local elections.

    • Increasing overall union membership.

      • Union Summer – an organizing campaign.

      • Organizing Institute – trains organizers.

    • Provides support to achieving political agendas.

Afl cio political agendas
AFL-CIO Political Agendas

  • Anti-Right-to-Work

  • Pro-Affirmative Action

  • Anti-English as an Official Language

  • Anti-Balanced Budget Amendment

  • Anti-School Vouchers

  • Anti-Teacher Competency Testing

  • Anti-Privatization of Public Sector

  • Pro-Regulation of HMOs

  • Anti-Free Trade (including NAFTA)

  • Pro-Increasing the Minimum Wage

Afl cio political agendas1
AFL-CIO Political Agendas

  • In August 2006, the AFL-CIO announced it would spend $40 million on get-out-the-vote operations for the 2006 midterm elections.


  • Increased effort to organize service and administrative professions.

  • Increased effort to organize public employees.

  • Increased union mergers (attempting to achieve economies of scale)

Change to win
Change to Win

  • Change to Win Federation formed by seven unions who want to place more emphasis on organizing and less on PACs.

    • SEIU (Andrew Stern)

    • IBT (James Hoffa)

    • United Food and Commercial Workers Union

    • UNITE HERE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees and the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees union)

    • Laborers International Union of North America

    • United Farm Workers,

    • United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America

Mgmt 583 labor relations

OPEIU International (140,000 members, 209 locals)

Washington State Labor Council

Source: Office and Professional Employees International Union Local

Change to win1
Change to Win

  • On September 27, 2005, Change to Win held its founding convention in St. Louis, Missouri.

  • Anna Burger, elected Chair of the Change to Win Federation.

  • At least 75% of Change to Win's resources and budget must to be allocated to organizing programs.

  • Have target Wal-Mart as a “must organize.”

International brotherhood of teamsters
International Brotherhood of Teamsters

  • Second time they have left the AFL-CIO.

    • 1960 – expelled

    • 1987 – readmitted

    • 2005 - left on own accord

  • About 1.4 million members (2004).

Additions to change to win s ranks since 2005
Additions to Change to WIN’s Ranks since 2005

  • Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers BLE

  • Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees BMWE

  • Graphic Communications International Union GCIU

  • National Association of Government Employees NAGE

  • Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union RWDSU

About exam i
About Exam I

  • Bring two blue books

  • Four Part Test:

    • Part I Short Answer Essay (6 of 8) 6 points ea.

    • Part II Definitions (10 of 12) 2 points ea.

    • Part III Essay (3 of 5) 12 points ea.

    • Part IV Matching (all) 8 total points.

    • Bonus 5 points.

  • Two hours

General instructions for exams
General Instructions for Exams

  • Closed books, no notes.

  • Students are expected to do their own work.

  • No hats, caps, or visors (or reverse the bills) during exams.

  • No cell phones, palm pilots or similar devices during examinations.

  • Once the exam begins no one may leave the room unless their exam is completed.