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America During the Cold War. The Red Scare McCarthyism. The Red Scare. The Cold War increased many Americans fear of communist subversion Many Americans feared that communists had penetrated American society and were weakening the government This led to massive attempt to uncover communists.

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america during the cold war

America During the Cold War

The Red Scare

McCarthyism

the red scare
The Red Scare
  • The Cold War increased many Americans fear of communist subversion
  • Many Americans feared that communists had penetrated American society and were weakening the government
  • This led to massive attempt to uncover communists
the red scare2
The Red Scare
  • Loyalty checks of government workers began in 1947 because of fear of communist infiltration
the red scare3
The Red Scare
  • House Un-American Activities Committee held numerous public hearings and ruined reputations of blacklisted individuals, including many from TV, radio, and the movies
the red scare4
The Red Scare
  • Some individuals refused to testify and were sent to jail
  • People who were accused were often blacklisted
    • A list of people accused of being disloyal who were not hired by film companies
the alger hiss case
The Alger Hiss Case
  • Alger Hiss, former State Dept. diplomat, accused of disloyalty by Whittaker Chambers, a confessed Soviet spy
    • Hiss sued Chambers for libel, but was convicted of perjury in 1950
    • Democrats, many of whom supported Hiss, were seen as soft on communism
mccarthyism
McCarthyism
  • Sen. Joseph McCarthy began to speak out against communist influence in the government with a speech in February 1950 in which he contended that the State Dept. was riddled with communists
  • Held hearings from 1950-1954
    • Called people in front of his committee to defend themselves against unproven charges
    • These charges often ruined people’s careers
    • McCarthyism has become a word that is used to describe bringing unproven charges against someone to discredit them
mccarthyism1
McCarthyism
  • McCarran Internal Security Act (1950) required communist and "communist-front" organizations to register with the Justice Dept
    • Membership lists and financial statements were required
    • President was given broad powers to detain potential enemies
    • Truman vetoed the bill as "a long step toward totalitarianism" but it was passed over his veto.
the rosenbergs
The Rosenbergs
  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg arrested, tried, and executed in 1951 for providing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.