Short Story Unit Literary Terms & Definitions . Adapted by Scott Victor from Erin Salona. Parts of Plot . Plot: The sequence of events in a story. Exposition: The basic situation of a story—this is where the reader learns the background information necessary to understand the story.
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Adapted by Scott Victor
from Erin Salona
The reader learns Liz lives in an apartment by herself.
Liz is 25-years-old.
Liz is tired from a long day at work as a nurse.
Liz is talking on her cell-phone to her best friend Julie as she walks to the door of her own home.
Liz hears some strange thumping sounds coming from the inside of her apartment as she is about to put her key in the door.
Liz tells Julie she hears something.
Julie suggests she calls the police.
Liz tells Julie that she was probably imagining the sounds but still hears them.
Liz opens the door to her apartment and sets her bag by the door.
Her heart jumps when she sees a pair of black shoes peeking out from under her living room curtains.
The curtain moves slightly.
Climax: The main conflict is typically resolved at this place.This is also known as the turning point or highest point of action in a story.
Liz bravely walks up to the curtain and picks up a heavy candlestick on the way.
She strikes the candlestick against the curtain, and at the same time, something grabs her hand from behind the curtain.
Liz drops the candlestick, and a tall man with a black mask emerges from behind the curtain.
Suddenly, her front door is flung open.
The police emerge, and the masked man releases Liz from his grasp.
He quickly exits her home through the open window, but is met with the gun from a policeman.
Julie had called the police for Liz.
Liz realizes many of her possessions are knocked over or broken.
Resolution: The final outcome of the story.
The police try to comfort Liz while taking her statement.
Liz packs some possessions to take to Julie’s house for the night.
She decides to invest in a second lock for her door in the morning and to install a burglar system. She knows it will be difficult to continue living in her home.
3rd Person Objective Point of View:
the narrator tells what happens without stating more than can be inferred from the story's action and dialogue.
The narrator never discloses anything about what the characters think or feel, remaining a detached observer.
3rd person pronouns are used (he, she, etc.)
How can the point of view from which the story is told affect the credibility (believability) of the story?
Consider: “Seventh Grade” is told in 3rd person omniscient, allowing the reader to access all characters perspective. What if the story was told solely from Victor’s perspective? What would change?
violent, hopeful, etc.
“There are some things that can never be fixed or repaired, even if you spend a lifetime trying..”
“The cruelest lies are often told in silence.”
“Money does not guarantee happiness.”
Rose = love, beauty
Sunrise = new start, beginning
Sunset = coming to an end
Full moon = danger, bizarre behavior
Sleep = death
Skull = death
Forest = place of testing or challenge
Light = good, hope, freedom
Darkness = evil, magic, fear, unknown
Red = anger, passion
Blue = happiness, peacefulness, sadness, intellect
Green = jealousy, wealth, growth
Black = death, evil
White = purity, innocence