Sea turtles By Margaret Melich
Physical features • Sea turtles are reptiles. • Their face is about the size of two golf balls. • Their face and fins look like they have green tiles on them. • Their shell looks a little like a sand dollar , with designs and shapes along their back. • Under the light , green sea turtles look like they have a green belly.
Lifespan • Some sea turtles live to be 150 years old. • A normal turtle would maybe live up to 130.So either way they live a pretty long life. • Sea turtles don’t live a long life anymore , only if they are lucky. • The biggest problem is the fact that humans pollute the beaches. That is where sea turtles go up for air.
A sea turtles home • Sea turtles live in warm tropical places around the world. • You can find them in these tropical places usually in coral reefs. • Sea turtles can find a nice big piece of coral to sleep under.
Climate Sea turtles live near warm tropical places , so it is usually warm all year round. They have to live in places that are warm because if it is warm outside, it is warm in the water. They can`t live in cold places because then it will be cold in the water. Sea turtles can not adapt to cold weather.
Beautiful landforms • Sea turtles live near coral reefs, where most rainbow colored fish live and beautiful colored coral. • Most of the water there is a light aqua. • Not a dark dark blue water where sharks live. • Near these coral reefs, Sea turtles find a place to stay under a large piece of coral so that when they are asleep, their predator won`t eat them.
When sea turtles are young, they tend to eat worms , insects and grasses. • When they get older they tend to eat more meat. • Sea turtles spend most of their time in the water. • Male sea turtles spend all of their time in the water. • Sea turtles usually swim by themselves when they get older. Behavior
Babies • Sea turtles babies hatch out of eggs. • They lay their eggs on land , and spend the rest of their time in the water. • The reason sea turtles spend the rest of their time in the water is because they can`t stay there long or else the birds will eat them.
Time to eat! • Sea turtles are omnivore. • They mostly eat fish or anything small enough to fit in their mouth. • Since they are omnivores, they will eat anything. • To get their food, sea turtles carve their tounge to make it look like food for their prey, and then……..SNAP!
Prey and predators • Sea turtles eat fish, seaweed, shrimp and other grasses. • Birds catch sea turtles when they`re on the beach. • That usually happens when the sea turtles have just hatched and they`re still on the beach.
Physical adaptations • They have long flippers that helps them to swim away from enemies. • The green sea turtles skin camouflages with seaweed, grasses, and underwater plants. • Other sea turtles blend in with other coral. • It has a shell to help it hide from enemies.
Behavioral adaptations • Green sea turtles are known to move as fast as 35 miles. • That helps them quickly move away from any predators that may eat them. • When green sea turtles are young they tend to eat grasses. • So when they get older they learn to catch meat naturally by watching their mother.
Physiological adaptations • Sea turtles can guard themselves by putting their head in their shell. • They can do this because inside his body, its ribs are down lower. • They have strong gills so they can stay under water for more than five hours.
Fun Facts • Green sea turtles can stay under water for as long as five hours. • The largest sea turtle ever found is five feet long. • The heaviest sea turtle ever found is 871 pounds. • Humans are the biggest threat to sea turtles. • The pollution on the beaches is a threat to sea turtles when they go up for air.