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Chinese Revolution of 1911. Kasey Paine. change. Main causes that led to the Revolution. Internal decline of the Ch’ing Dynasty -political problems: corruption and inefficient leaders External threats to the Ch’ing Dynasty Spread of Anti- Manchu ideas

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Presentation Transcript
main causes that led to the revolution
Main causes that led to the Revolution
  • Internal decline of the Ch’ing Dynasty

-political problems: corruption and inefficient leaders

  • External threats to the Ch’ing Dynasty
  • Spread of Anti- Manchu ideas

-Chinese didn’t like being dominated by foreigners- Manchus

Peace

revolutionary leaders
Revolutionary Leaders
  • Sun Yat Sen:

-“father of the revolution”

- unified several revolutionary groups into one big group- Chinese United League

  • Huang Xing- formed the Hua Xing Hui
  • Followers of the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance: Hu Hanmin, Zhang Ji, Chen Qimei, Lioa Zhonnngkai, Zhu Zhixin, and Dai Jitao

Sun-Yat-Sen

Unity

sun s popularity
Sun’s popularity
  • When in college- gathered and shared info about ideas to reform with other students
  • Began organizing secret groups and societies
  • Gained more popularity from common people and lower class- grew up in lower class

Pictures during the Whunchang Uprising on October 10, 1911

objectives goals
Objectives/Goals
  • Over throw the Ch’ing Dynasty
  • Overrule the Manchus
  • Set up a republic- based off the United States and Great Britain
  • Distribute land equally to the Chinese people
  • Sun Yat Sen’s ideas:

-maintenance world peace

-nationalization of the land

-continue alliance with Japan

Perseverance

elite and religious groups
Elite and Religious Groups
  • Sun created Revive China Society- Hong Kong= wasn’t enough
  • Created the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance
  • China Revival Society- one of many groups for the removal of the Ch’ing Dynasty

Whuchang Uprising

elite and religious groups cont
Elite and Religious Groups (cont.)
  • These groups were responsible for masses and revolts
  • First revolt- unsuccessful= Sun travels to other countries for help and sympathy- won Japan’s support
  • Waichow rebellion- longer but unsuccessful
  • 9 more revolts were fought still no progress
  • Failures = Japanese reaction- negative, Revolutionary Alliance fading, lack of food and ammo

Fortune, prosperity, longevity, happiness

sun s strategies
Sun’s Strategies
  • Wanted small revolts-led to a bigger picture but was no good
  • Next move- to gain support overseas- worked
  • Also created uprisings in Southern China- thought they would result in provinces would repeat and overthrow Dynasty and republic est. in Southern China- failed
  • Wanted Revolutionary Alliance to create revolts in central China-mainland of Ch’ing Dynasty- failed
  • Revolutionary Alliance then created revolts of their own- became more effective

hope

whuchang uprising and after effect
Whuchang Uprising and After Effect
  • During this time- Sun was in America- goes back to China
  • Whuchang- became a success- Sun thinks of one more strategy- wants to end Dynasty by telling foreign countries to stop giving loans to the government
  • Dynasty overthrown- Sun was leader- created 17 provinces
  • Nanjing- meeting to elect Sun 1st provisional president of the Republic of China

simplicity

several power shifts
Several Power Shifts
  • Revolutionary Alliance had 9 revolts until Whuchang- shifted the power
  • During Whuchang- government pleeded to Yuan Shih-k’ia for help- wanted to keep power- not fully loyal to Manchus
  • Sun made agreement with Yuan- if he convince Manchus to give up the Dynasty, he would become new president- Yuan agreed and did so
  • Sun was president- stepped down- Yuan Shih-k’ia new president

success