Geographic luck
Download
1 / 16

Geographic Luck - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 212 Views
  • Uploaded on

Geographic Luck. The Question. Why do areas like North America, Europe, and Asia have so much technological development and wealth while huge continents like Africa have high rates of poverty and disease and remain relatively undeveloped?. “Guns, Germs, and Steel” by Jared Diamond.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Geographic Luck' - cathy


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

The question
The Question

Why do areas like North America, Europe, and Asia have so much technological development and wealth while huge continents like Africa have high rates of poverty and disease and remain relatively undeveloped?



The answer according to jared diamond
The Answer (according to Jared Diamond)

Geographic luck

Some countries developed more rapidly than others and were then able to expand and conquer much of the world because of geographic luck.


Year 10 000 bc
Year 10,000 BC

  • The world is equal

  • We are all Hunter and Gathers

    • Hunting our food

    • Gathering from the land what we can

    • Moving to find food


Advanced civilizations require
Advanced Civilizations require

  • Advanced technology

  • Large populations

  • Specialized workforce

QUESTION:

Are Hunter/Gatherers “advanced civilizations”?


Hunter gatherers agricultural society the road to advanced civilization
Hunter/Gatherers  Agricultural SocietyThe road to “advanced civilization”

  • Get more food than you need, store it for later

  • Settle down and Build cities

  • Not everyone has to be a farmer

  • Development of “specialists” within the civilization who develop the technologies necessary to make these civilizations more profitable, stronger, and more powerful than others around them


Two things needed for agriculture
Two things needed forAgriculture:

  • cultivating specific crops

  • the domestication of certain animals

    Crops: grows easily, stores over time, a lot of nutrients. Two examples: wheat and barley

    Domesticate animals: to help you do work, in particular farming


Video animals
Video - Animals

10,000 years to domesticate animals

2 Millions animals; 148 are domesticated

  • QUESTION: Of the 148, how many animals have been domesticated to do farming?

  • QUESTION: Where do you find these animals?

  • #5 – 3:30 – 4:52

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0edh5Itvhy8


Earliest development of people who go from hunter gatherers to agricultural society
Earliest development of people who go from Hunter/Gatherers to Agricultural Society

  • The Fertile Crescent

    Why here?

  • Geographic Luck

  • Best place for native crops and native animals


Video spread of agriculture leads to a head start for some cultures
Video – Spread of Agriculture leads to a head start for some cultures

  • Question: What happened to the Fertile Crescent?

  • Question: How does latitude affect what happens in Europe and USA?

  • Discussion: Egypt

  • #6: 0:30 – 5:29

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBHs_1_xCN8


What happened to the fertile crescent
What happened to the Fertile Crescent? some cultures

  • Destroyed the environment

    • Use all water

    • Cut down the trees

    • Over farmed

      Latitude

    • similar climate

    • moved crops and animals and still prospered


Egypt
Egypt some cultures

  • Growth of population

  • Specialized workforce (scribes, engineers)

  • Technology


What have we learned
What have we learned? some cultures

Hunter/Gatherers  Agricultural Society

  • The cultures who make this move first have an advantage

    Why do some make this move before others?

  • Geographic Luck

  • The natural resources plus the native species and climate provided by their geography led some cultures to become more agricultural and less dependent on hunting and gathering.


Jared diamond s theory
Jared Diamond’s Theory some cultures

Diamond asserts that those living in temperate climates with indigenous plants and animals that could be domesticated were more likely to develop advanced civilizations.

Next comes: Guns, Germs and Steel


ad