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Green retrofit - opportunities and challenges from the suppliers’ point of view “Retrofitting Project” By Michael Vihlmann Jensen, Technical Project Manager, Danish Maritime.

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slide1

Green retrofit - opportunities and challenges

from the suppliers’ point of view

“Retrofitting Project”

By Michael Vihlmann Jensen, Technical Project Manager, Danish Maritime

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Danish Maritime is a trade organization formed in 1919 by Danish businesses within the fields of shipbuilding, maritime production, development, research and service.

Our aim is to collectively safeguard the common interests of businesses in the Danish maritime industry.

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Retrofitting Project - background and objectivesThe association's retrofitting project, made ​​possible through support from The Danish Maritime Fund, intends to strengthen the Blue Denmark's ability to offer better and more environmentally and climate friendly products and technical solutions, and subsequent service in order to improve competitiveness.Requirements, regulations and increasing operating costs create a need for upgrading the existing fleet to maintain an economically profitable operation of ships and ensure that ships comply with the most stringent environmental regulations.

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Retrofitting Project - background and objectivesThe existing fleet, including already contracted vessels and vessels to be delivered within the next few years, is historically high and will for years to come make up the majority of the world fleet.

It is within the existing fleet that an immediate, significant reduction in the emissions of CO2, NOxand SOx can be achieved.

Therefore, it is imperative to focus on retrofitting of the existing fleet.

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Definitions:

Retrofit:

Replacement of sub-systems on existing ships. Addition of new technology or features to older systems.

Upgrade:

Replacement or modification of complete systems. Replacement of a product with a newer version of the same product.

Modernization:

Replacement of equipment to a newer version.

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Trends in world trade

  • World economy growth is expected to slow down
  • Trends in seaborne trade
  • New contracts in 2007 at approx. 90 million cgt
  • Significant drop to 16.6 million cgt in 2009
  • New contracts in 2010 increased to 38.6 million cgt (2,523 ships)
  • Total seaborne trade is expected to increase over the next 20 years
  • Existing fleet is approx. 100,000 ships in operation worldwide
  • Until 2014 there will be a general overcapacity in transportation
  • There will be a continued overcapacity of shipyards

Souce:

IHS Fairplay & CESA

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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World trade:

Source:

IMF

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Over-capacity

Source:

Trade & fleet – Clarksons

Trade scenario - CESA

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Completed tonnage 2005

-

2010 no. of ships

3500

3000

2500

Others

Japan

2000

South Korea

China

other Europa

1500

EU

1000

500

0

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Completions :

Source:

CESA

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Shipyardcapacitycompared to deliveries

Source:

CESA

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Stricter limits for air pollution (MARPOL) timeline

  • 2010 max sulfur content in bunker fuel in ECA's 1 % (1.5 %)
  • 2011 TIER II, Global NOx limit (reduction by approx. 20 %)
  • 2012 maximum sulfur content in bunker fuel globally 3.5 %
  • 2015 max sulfur content in bunker fuel in ECA's 0.1 %
  • 2016 Tier III, NOx levels in ECA areas (reduction by approx. 80 %)
  • 2020 maximum sulfur content in bunker fuel globally 0.5 %
  • Other requirements:
  • Treatment of ballast water and bilge water
  • Market based measurements (EEDI, SEEMP, CO2 tax)
  • Ship recycling, Hong Kong Convention

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Challenges for the shipbuilding industry

  • Shipbuilding industry affected by the financial crisis (2008)
  • Compliance with the most stringent environmental regulations
  • Increasing operating costs (bunker fuel prices)
  • Fall in freight rates
  • Fall in vessel values
  • Increased fuel prices ->reduce energy consumption
  • Fall in freight rates -> reduce operating costs
  • Stricter environmental requirements ->reduce emissions
  • Fall in vessel values -> loss of collateral for project financing

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Process and Timetable (1)

Start-up phase

Analysis phase

Mappingphase

The Danish Maritime FundFinancing of the project

DemarcationFocus on retrofitting and maritime, environmentalchallenges

Initial meetings with businesses& ownersMutual overview of common business and product areas

Analysing- business opportunities- project opportunities- funding opportunities- matchmaking

Establish- workshops- projects/working groups- development cooperation

Identify and define Shipping industrykey environmental challenges

Steering Group- sparring partner- maritime businesses- maritime organizations

Mapping regulations- IMO and EU regulations- other authorities (U.S.)

Monitoring Group

- political initiatives

Mapping existing environmenttally friendly solutions

Project Manager

Mapping the financing- funds & subsidies

Dec‘10 – May ‘11

Jun ‘11 – Aug‘11+

Sept‘11 – Nov‘11+

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Process and Timetable (2)

Executing phase

Executing phase (project 1)

New projects

Retrofitting catalog(dynamic)- investment packages- IT platform

Define new projects- develop new solutions- new partnerships- new system solutions

Search funds & research funds

Marketing of new solutions

WorkshopSummary of analysis phase

EstablishA working group for marketingof retrofitting solutions

Workgroup (1)Joint marketing of retrofitting solutions

- perform common case historiesPurpose:- meet market expectations- create a retrofitting catalog- highlight the added value- joint marketing initiatives- system solutions- package solutions

Case 1: Container ship- shipowner 1- inspection on board- retrofitting catalog

Case 2: Tanker - shipowner 2- inspection on board- retrofitting catalog

Case 3: Offshore/supply- shipowner 3- inspection on board- retrofitting catalog

Apr ‘12 – Jun ‘12

Jan ‘12 - Mar ‘12

Nov ‘11 - Dec ‘11

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Retrofitting CatalogThe Danish maritime equipment suppliers have a variety of products and services which include environmental friendly and economically efficient solutions.A Retrofitting Catalogue is a summary of investment packages that are economically attractive.

It provides shipownerseasy access to make the optimal decision for investment in environmentally friendly retrofitting solutions.

Solutions which apply to specific regulatory requirements and ensure a future economically profitable operation of the ship.

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Retrofitting CatalogContents:

  • Specific solutions
  • Investment
  • Payback period
  • Added value (vessel value)
  • Upgrade in-situ possible
  • Implementation
  • Life cycle management

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Target areas - retrofitting (1)1. Emissions (rule driven)

  • Fulfill requirements for sulfur content in fuel & related emissions of SOx
  • Fulfillment by using low sulfur fuel (MGO, LNG)
  • Fulfillment by using technology (EGC)
  • Fulfill requirements for emissions of NOX
  • Fulfillment by using technology (SCR, EGR, EGE)
  • Fulfillment by using LNG
  • General reduction of SOx, NOx, CO2, particulate matters, soot, VOC, GHG
  • Pretreatment of fuel (WIF, FWE)
  • Reduced fuel consumption (slow steaming, efficiency, operation)

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Target areas - retrofitting (2)

  • 2. Energy optimization/optimized operation
  • Ensure economically profitable and efficient operation of ships
  • Minimum energy consumption - maximum efficiency - no waste (LEAN)
  • Efficient engines & HVAC’s (fans, pumps, cooling systems)
  • Efficient propulsion systems
  • Optimized power and energy management
  • Online/real time measurement of operations (engine performance, fuel consumption)
  • IT systems, decision support systems, Dynamic Route Planning, Fleet Management
  • Hydraulic friction (fouling, design flow)

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Target areas - retrofitting (3)

  • 3. Operational Safety
  • Safe operation of ship engines and equipment (avoid downtime/breakdown, abrasivedegradationand accidents)
  • Use of MGO, HFO/MGO switch
  • Online/real time measurement of operation (engine performance, fuel consumption)
  • Monitoring, collection of data (documentation)

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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Target areas - retrofitting (4)

  • 4. Recovery
  • Waste Heat Recovery (WHR), heat exchangers, Exhaust Gas Economizer (EGE)
  • Vapor recovery (gases) from the cargo
  • Ship recycling and component reuse
  • 5. Safety and Environment (rule driven)
  • Fulfill requirements for safety and environment (SOLAS & MARPOL)
  • Personal safety (noise, vibration, work injuries, chemicals, fire)
  • Fire (accommodation areas, engine room, CO2, water mist systems, monitoring)
  • Treatment of ballast water, oily water and waste
  • 6. Alternative propulsion systems/ solutions / design and fuels

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011

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More information:

Michael Vihlmann Jensen

Technical Project Manager

Danish Maritime

Amaliegade 33 B, 4.

1256 København K

tel: +45 3313 2416

direct: +45 3345 4398

fax: +45 3311 1096

mvj@danskemaritime.dk

www.danskemaritime.dk

MARKIS Annual Conference 30. november 2011