life in the spanish missions and presidios n.
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LIFE in the SPANISH MISSIONS and PRESIDIOS. The Spanish Texans. Spanish colonists came to Texas… to escape cruel conditions on haciendas in New Spain driven to the area by droughts/natural disaster by an oppressive tax system with a dream to become wealthy trading w/French (ILLEGAL!)

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the spanish texans
The Spanish Texans

Spanish colonists came to Texas…

  • to escape cruel conditions on haciendas in New Spain
  • driven to the area by droughts/natural disaster
  • by an oppressive tax system
  • with a dream to become wealthy trading w/French (ILLEGAL!)
  • to obtain better jobs in northern ranches
4 types of frontier settlements
4 Types of Frontier Settlements
  • Missions
  • Presidios
  • Pueblos
  • Ranchos

***All of these settlements—especially the missions and presidios—strengthened Spain’s claim on Texas.

missions
Missions
  • Main tool for colonizing Texas
  • Purpose was to convert Native Texans to Catholic faith, teach them to be good citizens loyal to the crown, and help them become skilled laborers that could be productive for Spain.
  • Run by Franciscan priests
inside the missions
Inside the Missions
  • Square compound enclosed by 4 walls
  • Towers on corners=lookout points
  • Workshops for weaving, carpentry, ironworking, and tailoring
  • Lands surrounding mission used for grazing and crops
  • ***Chapel was the most important part of the mission.
daily life in the missions
Daily Life in the Missions
  • Structured and routine with prayers/ceremonies in the morning and work all day followed by more prayers and instruction in evenings
  • Supervised by priests who punished those who were uncooperative.
  • Very few Native Texans were converted
hard times in the missions
Hard Times in the Missions
  • Unsuccessful
  • Exposed Native Texans to deadly European diseases and a relatively challenging diet.
  • The Spanish Crown viewed them as a drain on the finances which resulted in only 26 missions being built in Texas.
presidios
Presidios

Purposes:

  • To provide military support
  • Later acted as settlements
  • To protect colonists from Native American attacks
  • Return any natives who ran away from the missions
presidio life
Presidio Life
  • Soldiers enlisted for 10 yrs.
  • Very harsh and unpleasant lifestyle
  • Often disagreed with the priests which led to problems with soldiers and mission residents
  • Earned very little pay and often had to take extra jobs to pay for their own supplies