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Spanish Missions 1500-1580. Pgs. 195-200 Matching Activity. Spanish Conquistadors. The Spanish Conquistadors who explored America found gold and silver. Mining for gold and silver became the most important money-making activity in Spain’s American colonies.

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spanish missions 1500 1580

Spanish Missions1500-1580

Pgs. 195-200

Matching Activity

spanish conquistadors
Spanish Conquistadors
  • The Spanish Conquistadors who explored America found gold and silver.
  • Mining for gold and silver became the most important money-making activity in Spain’s American colonies.
  • To protect its gold and silver mines, the Spanish built presidos.
  • A presido is a fort built in a buffer (land that serves as a barrier) for protection
st augustine
St. Augustine
  • The largest and most important presidio was named St. Augustine.
  • It was located on the Atlantic coast of Florida on a bay first explored by Ponce de Leon.
  • St. Augustine was built in 1565.
  • It was the first permanent European settlement in America.
  • It was founded 42 years before the English landed at Jamestown.
building st augustine
Building St. Augustine
  • The Spanish were fearful of English pirates and Indian raiders.
  • To strengthen St. Augustine, they built stone walls around the wooden fort.
  • It took 25 years to complete.
  • St. Augustine served as Spain’s military headquarters in North America.
spain s interest in america
Spain’s Interest in America
  • Grow the Spanish empire.
  • Expand its economy.
  • Spread the Catholic faith
ranches and haciendas
Ranches and Haciendas
  • Realizing that gold was scarce, many Spanish settlers made money by raising livestock and selling the hides and animal fats to nearby markets.
  • Settlers often traded with the Pueblo Indians for corn, pottery, and cloth.
  • Settlers built large haciendas or houses where they raised thousands of cattle and sheep.
  • The settlers wanted to be self-sufficient.
indian tribes
Indian Tribes
  • The settlers brought horses (long extinct) to America which changed the life of the Plains Indians.
  • The Plains Indians learned to tame the horses and use them as transportation which helped them in hunting and warfare.
  • The Navajos learned to raise sheep and weave the wool into colorful clothing and blankets.
spanish missions
Spanish Missions
  • The first Spanish Mission was Nombre de Dios or Name of God.
  • It was built near St. Augustine in 1565.
  • It was the first in a chain of missions that would link the Atlantic coast to the Pacific.
  • Father Junipero Serra, a Spanish missionary, helped build a string of 21 missions in California.
spanish missions15
Spanish Missions
  • When the Spanish built a mission, it included a church, ranch and farm buildings.
  • Some missions were built near Indian villages.
  • The Spanish would bring livestock, fruit trees, and seeds for crops.
  • The goal was for the mission to become self-sufficient.
relations with the indians
Relations with the Indians
  • The Spanish and Indians learned from one another.
  • The Indians taught the Spanish how to build adobe houses and how to use herbs as medicines.
  • The Spanish taught the Indians how to guide a plow instead of using a stick and hoe in the Indian way.
relations with the indians19
Relations with the Indians
  • Over time relations between the Spanish and Indians changed.
  • Many Indians were forced to give up their religious traditions, many were forced to work against their will, and missionaries used cruel treatment to control the Indians.
  • Some Indians fought back killing missionaries and destroying churches.
el camino real
El Camino Real
  • To protect its missions the Royal Road (El Camino Real) was built to connect missions with presidos.
  • The first section was built in the middle 1500s and stretched for more than 600 miles.
  • Many cities such as San Antonio, Texas and San Diego, California began as missions.