GLOBALIZATION Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. In particular, advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the Internet, are major factors in globalization and precipitate further interdependence of economic and cultural activities
GLOBALIZATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON LANGUAGE • Globalization needs to be universal as In global warning, or regional as in global wars. The most relevant interpretation on which I should capitalize is the local meaning “comprehensiveness” and having to do with the interconnectedness of part of a complex system as more common in the regional and local use of the phrase local economy in north America or western Europe. In fact in the debate on language vitality, it becomes critical to address the question of whether the worldwide interpretation of global economy bears on the life of language in the same way as the local interpretation of the same phrase.
CARIBBEAN LANGUAGE The languages of the Caribbean reflect the region's diverse history and culture. There are six official languages spoken in the Caribbean. The six languages are: • Spanish • French • Dutch • English • Haitian Creole • Papiamento
SPANISH • The official language of Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. • The Caribbean English speakers are outnumbered by Spanish speakers by a ratio of almost four to one due to the high densities of populations on the larger islands; some 64% of West Indians speak Spanish.
FRENCH • The official language of Guadeloupe, Haiti, Martinique, St. Barthelemy and St. Martin. • About one quarter of West Indians speak French. Islands belonging to the Lesser Antilles, such as Martinique (French vs. Creole French), Guadeloupe (French vs. Creole French) and Saint Lucia (where most inhabitants speak a French-lexifiedcreole called Kwéyòl that also uses a significantly restructured English-lexified vernacular). Other islands includes Haiti,Martinique, Saint Barthelemy (where a form of 17th century French is spoken), Saint Martin (the French half of this island), Guadeloupe (where most inhabitants speak both French and a French-based creole).
DUTCH • The official language of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarten. • Dutch is an official language of the Caribbean islands that remain under Dutch sovereignty. However, Dutch is not the dominant language on these islands. On the islands of Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire, a Spanish-Portuguese based creole known as Papiamento is predominant, while in Sint Maarten, Saba and Sint Eustatius, English, as well as a local English creole, are spoken. A Dutch creole, known as Negerhollands was spoken in the former Danish West Indian islands of Saint Thomas and Saint John, but is now extinct. Its last native speaker died in 1987.
ENGLISH • The official language of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands. • With the founding of the first permanent English colonies at Saint Kitts (1624) and Barbados (1627) the language is the third most established throughout the Caribbean, however, due to the relatively small populations of the English-speaking territories, only 14% of West Indians are English speakers. English is the official language of about 18 Caribbean territories inhabited by about 6 million people, though most inhabitants of these islands may more properly be described as speaking English creoles than their varieties of standard English.
HAITIAN CREOLE • The official language of Haiti.
PAPIAMENTO • A Portuguese and Spanish-based Creole language(official language of Aruba, Curacao and Bonaire).
LANGUAGE GROUPS • Most languages spoken in the Caribbean are either European languages (namely English, Spanish, French and Dutch) or European language-based creoles. These belong to language families concentrated or originating outside of the Caribbean continent, primarily Europe. • English is the first or second language in most Caribbean islands and is also the unofficial "language of tourism", the dominant industry in the Caribbean region. In the Caribbean, the official language is usually determined by which ever colonial power (England, Spain, France, or the Netherlands) held sway over the island first or longest.
DONE BY • CARRYL • HANNAH • FAZIDA • ARIEL • MAKINDE • ANISA