Literacy for Children in an Information Age. Cohen & Cowen Chapter 1 A New Definition of Literacy. Literacy: 3 Questions. What is Literacy? What are the different approaches to teaching literacy? How can you integrate technology into a literacy classroom?. Defining Literacy.
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Literacy for Children in an Information Age Cohen & Cowen Chapter 1 A New Definition of Literacy
Literacy: 3 Questions • What is Literacy? • What are the different approaches to teaching literacy? • How can you integrate technology into a literacy classroom?
Defining Literacy • State & National Standards • Visual Literacy • Higher Order Thinking Skills • Technological Literacy • Global Literacy
Higher Order Thinking Skills • Recall • Comprehension • Application • Analysis • Synthesis • Evaluation
Approaches to Teaching Literacy • Bottom-up Approach • Top-Down Approach • Basal Series • Balanced Approach
English Language Learners (ELLs) • oral practice • tutoring & individual support • native language • Individual differences count! • Constant assessment • Home-school connection
Special Education • Inclusion (45%)* • Dyslexia (more than 50%)* • (of all special ed students)
NRP Findings* • Phonemic awareness • Phonics • Fluency • Vocabulary • Text Comprehension *National Review Panel
Five Other Pillars • Classroom organization • Matching pupils and texts • Choice, interest & collaboration • Daily reading & writing across curriculum • Expert tutoring
Bottom-Up Approach • Decoding (Phonic approach) /k/ C - a - t cat The cat is small.
Top-Down Approach “Whole language” • begins with text comprehension • children learn to read by reading and enjoying text • predictable books • discussions • demonstrations
Decoding Vocabulary Sentence Comprehension Paragraph Comprehension Text Comprehension Text Comprehension Paragraph Comprehension Sentence Comprehension Vocabulary Decoding Bottom-Up …. Top-Down
Basal Series • Comprehension Reading Program • Contains texts for all grade levels • Anthology • Teacher’s Guide • Daily lesson Plans • All support materials
Balanced Literacy Approach • All aspects of literacy taught in the classroom, centered on student needs, and using research and practice: • Reading…writing…speaking…listening and viewing • (Language Arts)
Website Evaluation* • Ease of use • Visual layout • Readability • Accuracy • Links--valuable? *Evaluation Form p. 28-29
Two Valuable Resources • IRA • International Reading Association • NCTE • National Council of Teachers of English
Textbook Website • http://www.thomsonedu.com/education/cohen* • Back cover
Technology • Incorporate into Literacy Classroom
Evaluate Internet Websites • Is literacy promoted? • Is the site age appropriate? • Does it reflect current research? • Are additional literacy resources available?
Definition of literacy includes: • Changing profile of students • Technological and global impact • Latest research • National standards • Higher Order thinking skills