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Content Model and Disability Evaluation Constructs (DEC) Inventory Sylvia Karman MARK tRAPANI Elizabeth Kennedy
What is a content model? • Totality of constructs that will form the basis of the new OIS • Blueprint of items, scales, and measures that need to be reflected in a work analysis instrument • Job analysts use the job analysis instrument to conduct work analyses • Data from the work analyses populate the OIS and produce the occupational title taxonomy (i.e. occupational titles) • The content model cannot be finalized until after data collection
Business Process for Development of the OIS • All project activities: • Phase I – Preliminary Planning and Information Gathering • Phase II – Design • Phase III – Data Gathering and Analysis • Phase IV – Product Preparation, Review, and Approval
Content Model: Phase I • Conceptual plan for content model development • Consultation with the Panel and Workgroup • Some assumptions: • OIS content model and subsequent OIS development will be driven by focus on work-side constructs • Development of the content model requires specific expertise • SSA will need to hire or contract with individuals who have that expertise • The content model must address SSA’s disability evaluation needs
Content Model Phase I • General Methodology • Use the Work Taxonomy and Classification Subcommittee’s proposed work taxonomy dimensions as basis for development of the Content Model (Work Taxonomy) • Identify disability evaluation constructs to inform the development of the content model with recognition that the work-side data collected for the OIS will need to be linked with information SSA collects about claimants. • Need for 2 “Phase II” documents
Content Model: Phase II • Phase II: Development of Work Taxonomy • Currently in development • Phase II: Identification of Disability Evaluation Constructs • Planned to develop 5 inventories (Core Disability Constructs, Panel, NIH and BU, Public Comments, All Sources). • One analyst develops initial inventories and two policy experts review • Only include functional or vocational constructs on Final List • Only include constructs not in direct conflict with SSA regulations on Final List
Definitions for this activity: • Functional construct: • Pertaining to work-related physical, psychological, and sensory/motor capabilities of a person, or environmental conditions a person may not be able to tolerate due to an impairment. • Vocational construct: • Pertaining to age, education, and work experience.
Phase III: Example of Inventory of Core Disability Policy Constructs Sources: Residual Functional Capacity Form Mental Residual Functional Capacity Form Sections of program regulations that pertain most directly to assessment of Residual Functional Capacity and vocational considerations Definitions from regulations and other policy sources
Phase III: Example of Inventory of Panel Constructs Source: Panel’s September 2009 report – Content Model and Classification Recommendations for the Social Security Administration Occupational Information System
Phase III: Example of Inventory of NIH and BU Constructs Source: NIH and BU Content Models for exploratory work with SSA to develop Computer Adaptive Testing instruments
Sources: In 2010, OVRD staff developed a synthesis of all recommendations and comments received regarding Panel recommendations Identified constructs based on information in synthesis document Phase III: Example of Inventory of Constructs from Public Comments
Next Steps • DEC Phase IV: Product Preparation, Review, and Approval • Share with Panel and SSA OIS Development Workgroup for comments • Ensure that relevant comments are considered and addressed • Obtain approval from SSA management for the final product • Phase II for Development of Work Taxonomy • Will describe how we will further develop the work-side taxonomy with the assistance of work analysis experts
Next Steps • Use the DEC constructs to focus identification of work-side constructs around SSA’s needs • Discussion with work analysis experts, for example, : • Lifting is on the DEC - Need items about lifting. • Constructs related to memory on the DEC - How do we obtain information about memory as a mental demand of work?