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Unit 2. The Articles of Confederation, The Constitutional Convention. Day 1. Do Now. What are three problems that Articles of Confederation could not solve? ( Create the scenarios in your notes)

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Do now
Do Now

What are three problems that Articles of Confederation could not solve?

(Create the scenarios in your notes)

Example: The Articles of Confederation COULD NOT solve disputes between states, because the Federal government was extremely weak

You MAY NOT use this example!


Looking forward
Looking Forward

  • Tonight’s Homework: Chapter 6, Section 1Answer all “Main Idea” questions in your notes

  • Next Unit Test: FRIDAY, February 8th

    • Articles of Confederation

    • Constitution

    • Presidencies: George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson

    • Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

    • And things from Unit 1!

  • Use Study Blue! Use the Study Sheet on Edmodo!


Before we get started
Before we get started…

  • We have to cover 521 years worth of material in this class: 6.5 years per class period, 26 daysper minute of class

  • We have to cover 10 wars, 43 presidencies and countlessforeign relations interactions

  • All of it is for the first time, or the first time in a long time

  • Our goal: 80% mastery of every standard and indicator – are we there right now?

  • So how are we going to do that?

  • Why should we care about US History?


Articles of confederation
Articles of Confederation

PROS

CONS

Could not levy taxes

Could no resolve conflicts between the states over interstate trade, currency or boundaries

Could not negotiate trades or treaties with other countries

Could not solve national problems because the states held too much power

Could not foresee problems

Inefficient structure

  • Declared slavery illegal in the old Northwest Territory (Ohio, etc.)

  • Created new states on an equal footing with the original states

  • Strong state governments

“The straw” = Shay’s Rebellion


Constitutional convention of 1787
Constitutional Convention of 1787

  • “We the People…do ordain and establish this Constitution”

  • Conflict: Big states vs. little states

    • Virginia Plan, New Jersey Plan

    • Great Compromise

  • Decision: republic

    • Voters represented by elected legislators who made decisions based on the interests of the voters

    • House of Representatives AND Congress

    • Checks and Balances: Judicial, Executive, Legislative


Federalists vs anti federalists
Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists

  • Federalism: Support the Constitution!

    • Wanted to limit the power of the national government by delegating some powers (to state or local level)

    • James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay

    • The Federalist Papers

  • Anti-Federalists: Oppose the Constitution!

    • Feared the power of the elites

    • Believed a strong national government would take power away from the people


Fed or anti fed
Fed or Anti-Fed?

  • Fed = wall

  • Anti-Fed = window


Exit ticket
Exit Ticket

What is one problem the Articles of Confederation could not solve? How did the Constitution of 1787 resolve this issue?

Write one, full paragraph in response

(We also have to work on writing!)

No personal pronouns, no informal language!



Do now1
Do Now Presidency, Two-Party System


Looking forward1
Looking Forward Presidency, Two-Party System


Ratification of the constitution
Ratification of the Constitution Presidency, Two-Party System

  • Lots of compromises:

    • The Great Compromise (aka the Connecticut Compromise)

    • The 3/5ths Compromise

  • John Jay, James Madison

  • Ratification: what does it mean??

  • The Federalist Papers: written to influence the New York ratification convention to agree to a stronger national government

    • Strong government would protect the rights of the people against local prejudices

    • Continuing understanding of the intentions of the Founding Fathers


George washington s presidency
George Washington’s Presidency Presidency, Two-Party System

Secretary of the Treasury: Alexander Hamilton

Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson

Secondary buyers would have too much of an influence

The Constitution did not specifically list the establishment of a bank as a power of Congress

Did not support the Whiskey Tax

  • Pay off debt from the Revolutionary War by issuing bonds

  • National government should assume the debts of the states

  • Establish a national bank

    • “The elastic clause”

  • Whiskey Tax

Democratic-Republicans

Federalists


George washington s presidency1
George Washington’s Presidency Presidency, Two-Party System

Federalists

Democratic-Republicans


Debate
DEBATE! Presidency, Two-Party System

  • The Citizen Genet incident

  • Jay’s Treaty

  • XYZ Affair