Introduction to the Problem Mental Barriers such as: • Fear • Anxiety • Lack of Self Confidence prevent athletes from reaching their peak performance level.
What IS imagery • Also called • Visualization • Mental rehearsal • Mental practice
Imagery is: • A type of simulation
“Before every shot, I go to the movies inside my head. Here is what I see. First I see the ball where I want it to finish, nice and white and sitting up high on the bright green grass. Then I see the ball going there; its path and trajectory and even its behavior on landing. The next scene shows me making the kind of swing that will turn the previous image into reality.” • Jack Nicklaus (1976)
Types of Imagery • Internal imagery • External imagery
Factors that impact imagery use • Nature of the task • Skill level • Using imagery and physical practice concurrently • Imaging ability
Psychoneuromuscular theory • Images that are more vivid active muscle signals in similar patterns to the way physical practice does
Value of imagery • Enhance concentration • Improve motivation • Increase confidence • Control intensity • Practice and correct sport skills • Prepare for competition • Cope with pain and injury • Solve problems
Maximizing Imagery • Vividness • Involve as many senses as you can • Controllability
Keys to developing your visualization and imagery skills • Begin by practicing imagery in proper setting • Use relaxed focus • Realistic expectations • Use Vivid and Controllable images • Maintain positive focus • Apply both execution and outcome of imagery
Your ability to use mental imagery: • Can be the difference between you and your opponent. • Can help overcome adversity • Makes you a better competitor.