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The Integrity of Financial Reporting in an Economic Downturn PowerPoint Presentation
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The Integrity of Financial Reporting in an Economic Downturn

The Integrity of Financial Reporting in an Economic Downturn

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The Integrity of Financial Reporting in an Economic Downturn

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    1. The Integrity of Financial Reporting in an Economic Downturn January 22, 2009

    2. Global Economic Downturn The worst financial crisis since the Great Depression Estimated $30 trillion of global stockmarket value wiped out in 2008 High profile rescues and bankruptcies (AIG, RBS, Bear Sterns, Lehman Brothers, Nortel.....) Governments worldwide have pledged trillions in emergency measures The US is facing an economic pearl harbor(Warren Buffet) January 22, 2009 1

    3. Agenda Chairmans remarks Valuation issues Impairments Counterparty non-performance risk Going concern Financial statement disclosures Fraud risk considerations CPAB expectations of audit firms January 22, 2009 2

    4. Chairmans Remarks Economic uncertainty Risk assessment Use of estimates Financial statement disclosure Professional scepticism January 22, 2009 3

    5. Valuation Issues Fair value determinations will be more challenging Estimates need to incorporate market participant assumptions for current transactions Specialists will be required All relevant risks should be incorporated (e.g. credit risk liquidity risk, non-performance risk) More use of internal models January 22, 2009 4

    6. Valuation Issues Cashflow forecasts Increased significance in current environment Have market conditions and appropriate risk adjustments been incorporated into forecasts? Have forecasts been stress tested? Are forecasts consistent with other available information? January 22, 2009 5

    7. Valuation Issues Defined benefit pension plans Actuarial losses Return on plan assets Discount rate for pension liabilities Plan valuation considerations Stock-based compensation plans Modifications Increased compensation cost January 22, 2009 6

    8. Impairments Financial assets: Accounts and notes receivable Loans Investments in debt and equity securities and other financial assets Amendments to allow reclassifications January 22, 2009 7

    9. Impairments Other assets: Future income tax assets Long-lived assets Intangible assets Goodwill January 22, 2009 8

    10. Counterparty Non-performance Risk Counterparty non-performance risk is pervasive in current environment Customers Collectability of receivables Reduced demand Customer concentration January 22, 2009 9

    11. Counterparty Non-performance Risk Suppliers and inventory issues Providers of financing Refinancing debt Guarantors Development stage enterprises Other counterparties January 22, 2009 10

    12. Counterparty Non-performance Risk Areas of potential risk impacting revenue recognition: Rights of return Bill-and-hold arrangements Changes in payment terms Side agreements Consignment arrangements January 22, 2009 11

    13. Going Concern Increased risk of corporate failure Potential areas of focus Budgets/forecasts Borrowings Management plans Disclose material uncertainties January 22, 2009 12

    14. Financial Statement Disclosures Fair presentation Measurement uncertainty Impairments Covenant violations and waivers Going concern January 22, 2009 13

    15. Financial Statement Disclosures Financial instruments Contingencies and guarantees Variable interest entities Economic dependence Subsequent events Non-GAAP financial measures January 22, 2009 14

    16. Fraud Risk Considerations Increased risk of management bias/fraud Economics and substance of transactions Areas that may be impacted: Revenue recognition Assumptions for significant estimates Balance sheet classifications Omitted or inaccurate financial statement disclosures Related party transactions January 22, 2009 15

    17. CPAB Expectations of Audit Firms Leadership of the firm Audit planning Materiality Role of the engagement partner Role of the concurring review partner Modifications of audit procedures January 22, 2009 16

    18. CPAB Expectations of Audit Firms Consultation Use of specialists Documentation Reporting to audit committees Professional scepticism January 22, 2009 17

    19. January 22, 2009 18