Airports in Operation Basically, there are four types of airport in operations: • Commercial Airports • Hub airports : Major airport, which has direct service to many other airports. Handle scheduled commercial airlines for international and domestic. • Domestic (spokes) airports: Handle scheduled commercial airlines for domestic only. • Cargo Airports: Handle cargo. A cargo service airport may handle people, but it also is served by cargo aircraft and handles million pounds of cargo during a year • Private Airports:Small airport, owned by private organizations. • Military airports: For military aircraft
Airport Ownerships • Airports are normally owned by governments, either directly or through an authority such a Government Link Companies (GLCs) that responsible to operate the airport. • For example, In Malaysia, airport are authorized by Malaysia Airport Holding Berhad (MAHB). • MAHB responsible is to focus on the operations, management and maintenance of Malaysia airports. • MAHB is the operator and manager of Malaysia's 39airports which comprise international (5), domestic (15) and Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL)-(19) ports.
How areairports managed? • There are several divisions to manage each sub organizations at an airport. • These divisions including • Airport operation services (security, fire & rescue & maintenance) • Airport planning and development (engineering) • Airport financial (revenues, business) • The primary objective of each division is to ensure the operational efficiency, safety and security of passengers, cargo and aircraft operations.
Airport Organization Structure Airport Director Administrative Assistant Airport Operations Supervisor Administrative Secretary Airport Office Assistant Terminal Area Vehicle Maintenances Airport Operations Area Commercial Area Fire & Security
Airport Director Roles • Responsible for overall operations, income and safety of airport. • Develops & implements airport goals & objectives. • Recommend & implement policies & procedures. • Coordinate airport activities with City & outside agencies & organization. • There are many other roles…(please refer AMG text book page 127)
Airport Director Requirements • Able to handle with public • Able to handle authorities • Should have at least 15 years working experience in aviation management. • Well versed with ICAO Annexes 9, 14, 17, 18 • Qualification – Dip/Bach in Aviation Management
Administrative Assistants The responsibilities of Administrative assistants normally including Assigning Tasks to each head of divisions, Monitoring their progress and Maintaining momentum for specific projects Thus, the requirements to become an administrative assistants are: • Good computing skills (competency in MS Word, Excel, Power point, office scheduling software) • Must be able to us technology to create properly formatted documents • Must have positive attitude and needs to be organized
Hub and Spoke Hub-and-spoke system is the common method for an airline to organize their flights. Several advantages of this system are: • It connect small communities to most airlines' global networks and, in many cases, permit daily flights that offer passengers travel flexibility and convenience. • The airlines have the capability to move people and products from place to place through “hubs” to different destinations throughout their own networks. Large network airlines use strategically located airport hubs to efficiently transfer large numbers of passengers between regions. • The hub-and-spoke model allows airlines to better match aircraft to customer demand. • The use of hubs allows airlines to serve more markets with fewer airplanes and without forcing passengers and cargo to “interline” (i.e., transferring passengers and cargo to other aircraft and/or airlines).
Taxiway Types There are four types of taxiways: • Parallel taxiways: aligned parallel next to runway • Entrance taxiways: perpendicular to the runway & located at near the departure end of runways. • High-speed taxiways: to allow aircraft quickly free-up the runway • Apron/by-pass taxiways: located near apron, to allow aircraft by-pass other aircraft at aircraft parking area.
Taxiway Identification • Taxiways can be identified through: • Taxiway markings (centerline in yellow colour, no azimuth) • Taxiway signs (have location sign) • Taxiway lightings (centreline light in green colour, edge light in blue colour) • Taxiway size and pavement strength (width smaller than runway, pavement thickness less than runway)