504 AND IEP 411 Accommodating Individuals with Disabilities
IEP • High School Students • IDEA-Individuals With Disabilities Education Act • Entitlement LAW • Legal Document • Modifications and/or accommodations
Section 504 Americans with Disabilities Rehabilitation Act (ADA) • Adult and High School Students • Physical Disabilities • Specific Learning Disabilities • Other Health Issues • Accommodations rather than modifications
What’s the Difference? • Modification vs Accommodation • Modification-making changes to curriculum, content, and program to help the student. • Accommodation-changing the delivery method or the way the student demonstrates mastery or performance
“Level the playing field” • Prevent intentional or unintentional discrimination against person with disabilities, persons who are believed to have disabilities, or family members of persons with disabilities • Eliminate barriers that exclude persons with disabilities
Who is an "individual with a disability?" • a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; • a record of such an impairment; or • is regarded as having such an impairment.
Define Life Activity • Walking • Speaking • Breathing • Seeing • Hearing • Learning • Reading • Working • Standing • Sitting • Lifting • Performing Manual Tasks • Caring for Oneself
In a Nutshell: • Individuals must be able to “get in the door” • If you provide the service for another student, then you must also provide it for the student with a disability.
Examples: • Transportation • Seating • Work station and equipment • Safety Equipment • Breaks • Learning Environment
Who is considered a "QualifiedIndividual with a Disability?" • Individual with a disability • Satisfy job requirements • Skill • Experience • Education Can perform the essential functions of the job With or Without reasonable accommodations
Adult Students • Must provide recent documentation from a qualified professional of the disability. • Documentation must show that the disability directly affects the individual’s ability to learn or perform essential functions of a job. • BE CAREFUL
What if? • A student who is visually impaired enrolls in graphic arts classes? • A student who is deaf wishes to enroll in aviation classes? • A student with HIV wishes to enroll in a cosmetology class? • A student with learning disabilities in math wishes to enroll in CAD?
How does an employer determine "essential functions?" • Job descriptions • Certification/licensure standards • Liability issues • Fundamental skills • Organization of company
Exclusionary Factors: • List one factor that would absolutely exclude a student from completing training or seeking any type of employment in a particular field.
Examples of Essential Functions: • Practical Nursing • Culinary Arts • Welding • Web Design • Automotive Service Tech. • Accounting
Group Activity: • How will you inform yourself? • What will you delegate to others? • What resources do you need? • What areas need attention? • What is your back up plan? • What is ongoing?
Instructional Strategies • Inform yourself • Provide a syllabus • Simplify instructions • Post things in writing • Provide resources • Respect the individual
Organizational Strategies: • Seating • Physical arrangement • Equipment • Lighting
Short-Term Achievements • Goal Setting • “Chunking” • Check Lists • Feedback • Time Management
Testing Accommodations • If the test is a national or state accredited exam, consult with the testing company about the accommodations allowed.
Additional Accommodations • Additional or extended restroom breaks • Ability to eat or drink if student has dietary needs. • Freedom to sit or stand periodically • Allow students to record lectures, assignments, etc. • Assistive devices or technology • others
Least Restrictive Environment • Provide what is necessary • Avoid over-compensation • Maintain high expectations • Choose groups/tasks wisely • Don’t compromise integrity
FERPA • Family • Educational • Rights • and • Privacy • Act
FERPA • Never release information or discuss a student with an individual, agency, or other staff member who does not have a legal, legitimate reason to know.
Too Much Information? • IEP • 504 • Universal Design • Qualifying Disability • Exclusionary Factor • FERPA • Appropriate Placement • Paperwork
When in doubt……ASK • If you are unsure about providing appropriate accommodations for a student, ASK him or her. • Consult the student services professional on your campus or on another campus. • Consult with the student’s home teachers, counselors or other instructors at your school. • Call CAC office. • Always maintain confidentiality.
Finding the right 411 • Career and Academic Connections http://www.okcareertech.org/educators/career-and-academic-connections/special-needs-resources Directories: Staff and personnel contact information for the Oklahoma CareerTecheducation system http://www.okcareertech.org/contact/directories-1 http://www.ok.gov/sde/special-education http://www.Wrightslaw.com