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Empires of the Fertile Crescent - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Empires of the Fertile Crescent. Hittites. War-like people from Asia Minor Invaded Mesopotamia c. 1700 BC. (Hittite) Achievements. First to smelt iron Most important – Law & Government Only major crimes received the death penalty People paid fines Kings were chief-priests

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Presentation Transcript
hittites
Hittites
  • War-like people from Asia Minor
    • Invaded Mesopotamia c. 1700 BC
hittite achievements
(Hittite) Achievements
  • First to smelt iron
  • Most important – Law & Government
    • Only major crimes received the death penalty
    • People paid fines
  • Kings were chief-priests
    • Yet, they allowed religious freedom
hittites1
Hittites
  • When they invaded, they conquered and looted Babylon (c. 1600 BC)
hittites2
Hittites
  • Babylon was TOO FAR!!
    • Only controlled Babylon for a short period of time before withdrawing west
  • Remained powerful until c. 1200 BC
    • Entire region began to suffer invasions from the Sea Peoples
assyrians
Assyrians
  • Semitic-speaking people from northern Mesopotamia
  • As early as 2000 BC...
    • Settled city of Ashur on upper Tigris
    • Adapted many elements of Sumerian culture
assyrians1
Assyrians
  • Dominated by others for centuries
    • Briefly established an empire in the 1300s
  • Gradually recovered, then began dominating the area
  • 900 BC – 650 BC
    • Expanded from Fertile Crescent into Egypt
assyrians2
Assyrians
  • At height, included all of Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, and the Nile River Valley
capital city
Capital City
  • Ninevah
  • Great Wall
    • HUGE double wall
    • 70 ft high – some parts were 148 ft thick!!
    • Stretched 7.5 miles around the city
fall of assyria
Fall of Assyria
  • 635 BC – Civil War breaks out
    • Made it too weak to protect itself
    • 612 BC - A large group led by the Chaldeans and the Medes captures and destroys Nineveh