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Absolutism, Exploration and Their Consequences. The Influence Behind Absolutism. Niccolo Machiavelli Wrote “The Prince” for Lorenzo di Medici Better Feared than loved guy… ABSOLUTE POWER good for the leader & country. Every leader wants to dominate!!!.

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the influence behind absolutism
The Influence Behind Absolutism
  • Niccolo Machiavelli
  • Wrote “The Prince” for Lorenzo di Medici
    • Better Feared than loved guy…
    • ABSOLUTE POWER good for the leader & country. Every leader wants to dominate!!!
case study 1 the hapsburgs
CASE STUDY # 1 - The Hapsburgs
  • Catholic Family
  • Holy Roman Emperors
    • Led ¼ of Europethrough war, marriage or diplomacy!!!
    • They are why the German princes led the Reformation
case study 2 louis xiv s france
CASE STUDY # 2 - Louis XIV’s France
  • A Noble uprising Turned him into an Absolutist
    • Built Versailles – a gilded prison
      • Nobles untaxed in return…
  • French army envy of Europe
    • Countered the Catholic Hapsburg Monarchs
    • The “Sun King”
case study 3 peter the great russia
CASE STUDY # 3Peter the Great – Russia
  • By force of own will modernized Russia, built St. Petersburg
a notable exception england
A Notable ExceptionENGLAND
  • Uprising by nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Cartain 1215 AD.
  • Ensured that UK would never sustain absolutism
    • Parliament dominates
prince henry the navigator
Prince Henry the Navigator
  • 1stMonarch to back Exploration
  • WHY? The 3 G’s & cutting out Muslims in the spice trade
  • New Technologies Help Out
    • Triangle sails, compass, Hourglass, astrolabe, cartography
slide10

Treaty of Tordesillasaverts war between VESPUCCIA? Spain and Portugal in the New World

a revolution in trade
A Revolution in Trade:

The Columbian Exchange

TO EUROPE

TO THE NEW WORLD

the commercial revolution
The Commercial Revolution
  • Mercantilism
    • Business meant to Benefit and be guided by the nation.
    • Colonies needed for markets
    • Massive Inflation in Europe (Petosi Mines) leads to the Origins of Capitalism
    • Joint-Stock Companies