Heart, Lungs, and Organs related to Diabetes Faculty: Penprapa S. Klinkhachorn Teachers: Elizabeth Stanton Trina Elliott
Med Student Volunteers • Brianna Bender • Joseph Blatt • Meredith Cavalier • Christopher Deskins • William Guiler, III • Brent Hardmen • Alan Klinkhachorn • Kyle Macaluso • Kyle Ritchie • Patricia Shaw • Lukas Shutler • Krista Stoops • Ryan Wakim
Heart and Lungs • Matt: Normal anatomy of heart and lung • Makelle: Heartbeat • Andrew: Atherosclerosis (CAD) • Caitlin: Black lung • Kelsey: Asbestos/ lung • Omar: Asthma • Ashley: Emphysema • Airel: Osteoporosis
Diabetes and Related Organs • Chelsea: The Pancreas • James: What Does Insulin Do? • Kyle: Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes • LaKiah: Effect of Diabetes on Heart • Charard: Effect of Diabetes on Kidneys • Lindzy: Effect of Diabetes on Eyes • Adam: Effect of Diabetes on Nerves • Mike: Effect of Diabetes on Wound Healing • Jordan: How Do You Prevent Diabetes? • Nick: The Diet of Diabetes • Wendy: How Does Diabetes Affect Your Daily Life? • Alisha: A New and Improved Diabetic Treatment
InsulinandthePancreas By Chelsea
Insulin is a hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas. Hormones are chemical messengers that circulate in the blood sending messages to other parts of the body. Beta Cell
The pancreas has two main functions Digestion of food • Digestive Enzymes • Production of Hormones • Islets of Langerhans • Insulin • Glucagon
In type 1 diabetes the cells that make insulin (the beta cells) are damaged.
When insulin treatment is started the pancreas is able to rest and recover but not enough to produce all the insulin the body needs. Many treatments have been tried to stop the damage to beta cells but at present there is no safe or effective way to do this.
What Does Insulin Do? By Isaiah
Insulin • After you eat, the food is broken down into glucose. • The glucose is converted into energy. • The energy helps your body do everyday functions.
Insulin is the main part of controlling your metabolism. It has an effect on both carbohydrates and lipid metabolism. It also has an effect on the protein and mineral metabolism. Insulin
Without Insulin • Being obese or overweight affects the way insulin works • Extra fat tissue can make your body resistant to the action of insulin. • Exercise will help the insulin work.
The Pancreas • The pancreas is the organ that produces insulin. • When the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or if the body can’t use the insulin the cells aren't able to use the glucose.
Summary • In conclusion insulin is a hormone that is found in even single-celled organism. • It is a protein and is the main part of controlling our metabolism. • Without insulin you are at a greater risk of developing diabetes or heart disease.
Signs and Symptomsof Diabetes By Kyle Freshwater
Symptoms for Type 1 Diabetes. • Increased thirst • Constant urination • Extreme Hunger • Blurred vision • Fatigue ( Type 1 diabetes is juvenile onset.)
Symptoms for Type 2 Diabetes • Increased urination and thirst • Flu-like Symptoms • Extreme weight fluctuations • Blurred Vision • Slow healing sores • Nerve damage • Gums turn red and sore (Type 2 diabetes symptoms are commonly overlooked which is why it’s named the silent killer.)
Pre-diabetes symptoms • Blurred vision • Weight loss • Gum infections • Skin infections • Bladder or vaginal infections • Slow healing wounds (This type of diabetes is a pre-condition before getting Type 2 diabetes, it’s also a precursor telling you to start exercising and eating right.)
Symptoms for Gestational Diabetes • Extreme thirst • Extreme urination (This is more often just a change in the body for women who are pregnant, but in some cases will develop into pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes.)
Thanks too……… • www.diabetes.com • www.google.com
HOW DOES DIABETES AFFECT YOUR HEART ? BY Lakiah
Having diabetes can put you at an extremely high risk of heart disease. High blood glucose levels damage the nerves and the vessels over time. This causes heart disease and strokes.
By keeping the blood glucose to healthy target numbers, you can lower the risk. • Eating healthy foods ( Oatmeal, whole-grain bread, fruit, eggs,vegetables,beans) • Staying active • Taking medication if needed Are all ways of keeping a healthy target numbers.
Facts about death due to heart disease • Every 26 seconds, someone has a coronary event • Nearly 1,600 Americans die of cardiovascular disease (CVD) every day • 50% of men and 64% of women who die suddenly of CVD had no previous symptoms of the disease. • More than 65% of deaths in diabetes patients are attributed to heart and vascular disease.
When there is a constant elevation of the blood glucose level,it leads to the blood vessels being damaged. People who have diabetes have problems that are grouped under microvascular disease,when the small blood vessels are damaged,and macrovascular disease, when the arteries are damaged.
Diabetes can change the chemical makeup of some of the substances found in the blood vessels to narrow or clog up completely.
The kidneys filter the blood to form urine • Helps the body retain things it needs
Pancreas makes insulin that helps your body uptake glucose • Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas where you don’t have enough insulin • Cells of the body can’t take up glucose properly because of the lack of insulin
Kidneys work extra hard to hold all the glucose in the body • Water is also carried along with the glucose that is lost through urination
Dehydration leads to you drinking more water • Process starts all over again
How Diabetes affect the eyes By: Lindzy Calfee
Diabetic Retinopathy • Diabetic Retinopathy is the deposition on the retina of the eye. • Each year, 12,000 to 24,000 people lose their vision because of Diabetic Retinopathy.
Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy • In the early stage of Diabetic Retinopathy there may not be any symptoms to warn you of it happening inside the eye. • The only way to detect the problem is by getting a regular eye examination once a year.
Causes • High sugar levels in the blood are thought to damage blood vessels over time. This damage is particularly evident in the extremities of the body like the feet or on thin blood vessels that can be found around the retina of the eye. • It is often a consequence of having diabetes over a long period of time.
Treatment • Diabetic Retinopathy- Surgery is also the only way to help this disease. • Treatments for diabetic retinopathy involve laser surgery that aims to shrink or seal blood vessels around the retina but this can only stop the condition worsening. If vision loss has already occurred this vision will be lost for good.
Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy A family of nerve disorders caused by diabetes By adam