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Goods sent abroad for processing. Based on presentation to SNA AEG Bangkok June 2005 By Anne Harrison OECD. Previous question. Records goods sent for processing gross or net? Opinions divided both in BOPCOM and AEG. “Gross” and “net”. Gross : impute a change of ownership

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Goods sent abroad for processing


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goods sent abroad for processing

Goods sent abroad for processing

Based on presentation to SNA AEG Bangkok June 2005

By Anne Harrison OECD

previous question
Previous question
  • Records goods sent for processing gross or net?
  • Opinions divided both in BOPCOM and AEG
gross and net
“Gross” and “net”
  • Gross : impute a change of ownership
  • Net: do not impute change of ownership
bpm position
BPM position
  • Goods A to B to A - yes
  • Goods A to B1 to B2 - no
  • Goods A to B to C - no
  • EXCEPT
  • If B is unincorporated subsidiary of A
  • If B is direct investment entity of A
sna position domestic
SNA position (domestic)
  • Goods A to B to A - no
  • Except if B is establishment of A
  • Goods from abroad - yes
summary
Summary
  • We have a hybrid system
  • Not transparent for either compilers or analysts
accounting implications
Accounting implications
  • Goods out less goods in SHOULD be equal to processing fee
  • Different data sources
  • Different products
  • Different times
  • Holding gains
analytical implications
Analytical implications
  • What is processor doing? Who takes on risk of production?
  • Major interaction with out-sourcing
  • Ratio of imports to domestic production
  • Is processing a good or a service?
alternatives
Alternatives
  • Always impute change of ownership or
  • Never impute change of ownership
sna domestic
SNA (domestic)
  • Either alternative significant change especially for input output tables
  • Changing rules for domestic processing might be more significant that for international
supply and use
Supply and use
  • Intermediate consumption 100
  • Value added 20
  • Output 120
  • OR
  • Value added / Output 20
  • Intermediate cons/output 120
problem
Problem
  • Goods sent for processing in period t
  • Goods returned after processing in period t+1
questions for the aeg
Questions for the AEG
  • Always impute change for goods going abroad?
  • Never impute change for goods going abroad?
  • Keep present situation?
  • If a or b, make same changes for domestic processing?
questions for bopcom
Questions for BOPCOM
  • If AEG says always impute change, would BOPCOM follow or go for never?
  • If the latter would this apply to unincorporated establishments and to direct investment enterprises
both groups sna and bopcom
Both groups (SNA and BOPCOM)
  • However processing recording, robust valuation needs values of goods on and out (from Customs) reconciled with processing fee (from business)
  • Does BOPCOM support provision of this data?