Family Economics & Financial Education “Take Charge of Your Finances” Advanced Level The Perez Family Case Study
Meet the Perez Family • Read the Perez Family story on pages 1-2 What did you learn about spending plan decisions the Perez family makes? What do they do for employment and how much do they earn? What are some of the Perez family’svalues? Who are the family members? 1. Do you agree or disagree with Camila’s belief that dropping out of school at the age of 16 was a good idea? Why? 2. Describe at least three of the family’s values (stated or inferred) throughout the story that may have had an impact on their career and spending plan decisions
Paychecks and Taxes Green letters throughout the case study indicate a calculation or decision should be made • Calculate Camila’s net pay (A-B) • Calculate Ricardo’s net pay (C-E) • Calculate the Perez family’s total net income (F) Ricardo’s employer provides matching 401K and health care benefits. How do these benefits support the Perez family?
Typical Expenditure Amounts • Calculate the typical expenditure for each category using the family’s net household income (G-L) How can these numbers be used as a guideline when making spending plan decisions for the Perez family?
Financial or Education Goal • Set a financial or education goal for the Perez family(M) • Write the goal as a SMART goal (Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Time Bound) Share your goal with the class and discuss why you feel it is an important goal for the Perez family to achieve.
Savings & Housing Savings Housing Place a next to the home which is the best fit for the Perez family Record all applicable expenses (indicated in red) in the table (O-Q) • Calculate the family’s monthly savings allocation (N) • Minimum of 5% of household net income Which house is the best selection for the Perez family and why?
Food & Transportation Food at Home Transportation Place a next to the transportation option(s) which are the best fit Keep both Ricardo and Camila’s needs in mind – Camilia needs an automobile to get to work Record all applicable expenses in the table (S-W) • Place a next to the food plan which is the best fit for the Perez family • Record the applicable expense in the table (R) Which food plan is the best selection for the Perez family and why? Which transportation option(s) are the best for the Perez family and why?
Insurance • Determine if the family will purchase disability insurance for Ricardo • If so, calculate 2% of his net income and record the amount in the table (X) • Determine if the family will purchase life insurance for Camila and/or Ricardo • If so, determine the policy amount and record the monthly total(s) in the table (Y) Did you purchase disability and life insurance for the Perez family? Why or why not?
Other Expenses • Determine which other expenditures the Perez family will have and place a next to each expense • Record the expenses in the table (Z-GG) • Keep in mind that most families have expenses in each category What are two expenses you choose and why? How much did you allocate to those expenses?
Spending Plan • Use the income and expenditure amounts determined for each category from pages 3-6 to develop a spending plan • Record the amounts in the before accidentcolumn • Ensure the Perez family spending plan has a net gain or zero balance (income less expenses) • If the balance is negative, review the expenditure decisions and make the appropriate changes
Camila’s Accident • Read about Camila’s accident on page 9 • Calculate the family’s income while Camila is receiving government support (3-7) • Net income before the accident (3) • Total value of SSDI benefits (4) • Camila’s net income (5) • Perez family’s net income after the accident (6) • Total reduction in household net income after the accident (7) Refer back to the Perez family’s spending plan. Enter the family’s new income in the After Accident (working part time) column.
Modify the Spending Plan • Determine what expenses the family will need to reduce • Make a new spending plan for the family in the After Accident column • Must have a net gain or zero balance • Keep in mind that certain fixed expenses can not be reduced, and other expenses may be contractual, making them hard to eliminate 8. Explain three expenses that you changed in the Perez family’s spending plan after the accident
2 Years Later… • Read about Camila’s return to full-time work on page 10 • In small groups, complete the reflection questions (9-10) • Discuss as a class The government benefits Camila received supported the Perez family short-term while Camila recovered. However, the Perez family was ultimately better off financially once Camila returned to full-time work.