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The Future of Healthcare Delivery: An Introduction to Telemedicine. Erik Southard, RN, MSN, C-FNP Director of Special Projects Richard G. Lugar Center for Rural Health Terre Haute, Indiana. Introductions. Definition of Telehealth. Definition of Telemedicine. What is the internet?

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the future of healthcare delivery an introduction to telemedicine

The Future of Healthcare Delivery: An Introduction to Telemedicine

Erik Southard, RN, MSN, C-FNP

Director of Special Projects

Richard G. Lugar Center for Rural Health

Terre Haute, Indiana

presentation objectives
Introductions.

Definition of Telehealth.

Definition of Telemedicine.

What is the internet?

Discussion of telemedicine applications.

Statistics on telemedicine activity.

Telemedicine programs throughout the state.

Next steps.

What’s going on now?

Q & A.

Presentation Objectives
telemedicine and college
Telemedicine and College
  • Can I be successful?
  • Many have gone before me (successfully).
  • Is this the right thing to do?
  • This can be expensive.
  • Fear of failure?
  • Is it sustainable?
  • Experimentation?
  • Encountering Naysayers.
  • Personal support, hard work, and collaboration?
  • Success.
audience participation
Audience Participation
  • Who is currently involved with some form of telemedicine?
  • Who thinks that telemedicine is impractical and can’t be sustained?
  • If you have considered telemedicine, what is your greatest specialty need?
  • Can telemedicine help us improve access to care for Indiana and more specifically Indiana’s rural residents?
lugar center mission
Lugar Center Mission
  • The mission of the LCTR is to prepare and train primary care physicians for successful rural practice and to expose individuals not yet decided on a career to the rewards of delivering health care services in a rural area.
key success factors
Key Success Factors
  • Rural Training Track (RTT), a specially designed hands‑on curriculum for future rural health providers.
  • Commitment to a multidisciplinary team approach to providing health care.
  • Incorporation of computer and communications technology to support rural providers.
importance of technology
Importance of Technology
  • Professional isolation.
  • Lack of specialist support.
  • Continuing Medical Education.
how technology transforms conventional wisdom
How Technology Transforms Conventional Wisdom
  • Charles Duell, Commissioner, US Office of Patents, 1899.
    • “Everything that can be invented has been invented”
  • Thomas Watson, Chairman, IBM, 1943
    • “I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.”
  • Ken Olson, Founder/Ceo, Digital Equipment Corp, 1977
    • “There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.”
  • Bill Gates, Co-Founder, Microsoft, 1981
    • “640 K ought to be enough for anybody”
significant advances of technology

Significant Advances of Technology

Vacuum Tube (Lee De Forest, 1906)

Transistor (ATT’s Bell Labs, 1947)

Computers (1925)

Satellite (1962)

Fiber Optics (1966)

Internet (1983, made available mid-1990’s)

Digital Routing for voice and data (1990’s)

Cell Phone High Speed

telemedicine began
Telemedicine began .. .
  • In 1924, with the concept of a physician seeing his patient over the radio using a television screen.
  • First wave of telemedicine programs started in the 1950s with Wittson, Affleck, and Johnson.
  • Now in our third wave.
  • Most programs that began in the 1960s-1980s no longer exist.
telemedicine now
Telemedicine Now
  • The 1990’s saw a doubling in number of two-way interactive video programs.
  • Teleradiology, store-and-forward, remains most common application.
  • Technology is rapidly changing and costs are decreasing.
  • Correctional is heaviest use.
  • Moving into private physicians use.
  • Expanding applications.
telemedicine and telehealth
Telemedicine and Telehealth

“Telemedicine and telehealth both describe the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve patients’ health status”

http://americantelemed.org/ICOT/Terminology.pdf

types of telemedicine
Types of Telemedicine
  • Synchronous-Describes interactive video connections because the transmission of information in both directions is occurring at exactly the same period. (Live Telemedicine)
  • Asynchronous-Describes store and forward transmission of medical images or information because the transmission typically occurs in one direction in time. (Store and forward telemedicine)
store and forward
Store and Forward

www.RuralConsult.com

store and forward1
No scheduling constraints.

Less burdensome technical requirements.

Low connection and equipment costs. (POTS)

Information stored centrally, more secure.

Limited Specialties.

Delay in getting feedback.

No patient provider interaction.

Incomplete view of the case.

Store and Forward

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

live telemedicine equipment
Live Telemedicine Equipment
  • General Examination Camera
  • E-Stethoscope
  • ENT Scope
  • Ophthalmoscope
  • X-Ray Digitizer
  • 12 lead ECG machine
  • Spirometer
live telemedicine
Multiple specialty use.

Interactive.

High quality video and audio.

Patient provider relationship.

Scheduling constraints.

High equipment costs.

Expensive line charges.

Live Telemedicine

ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

slide25

Telemedicine Equipment

Power ZoomPush-button 1-50x zoom allows both close focus and wide angle images.

Auto FocusThe camera automatically stays in focus for ease of use.

Freeze FrameFreeze frame produces the clearest possible image, making it ideal for both low- and high-bandwidth solutions.

Accurate ColorsOne button white balance sets highly accurate colors quickly and easily.

PolarizationElimination of surface skin reflection allows camera to see into epidermal layers.

Touch and ViewThe AMD-2500 includes manual or automatic iris control to maximize image brightness.

AMD 2500 General Examination Camera

slide26

Quality Images

Pictures taken by AMD 2500 General Examination Camera

why telemedicine
Why Telemedicine?
  • Access
    • Provide primary healthcare that would not be available otherwise.
    • Specialty care consultations for isolated specialists, practitioners, and other health care professionals.
    • Eliminate expensive travel and isolation.
    • Reduce need to move patient.
    • CME for isolated health care providers.
telemedicine settings
Telemedicine Settings
  • Rural
  • Schools
  • Clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Prisons
  • Nursing Homes/Assisted living
emerging applications
Emerging Applications
  • Telepharmacy
  • Broader Home Health
  • Remote Surgery
core principles of telemedicine
Core Principles of Telemedicine
  • Its only a tool.
  • Must have a program champion.
  • Must be integrated into established clinical operations and routines.
  • Physician-patient relationships must be preserved.
creating a successful program
Creating a Successful Program
  • Define the need.
    • Who are the key people that need to participate.
    • What services are needed.
    • What are the most logical sites or personnel to have involved?
    • When are the services needed?
    • How are the services best supported?
assess equipment options
Assess Equipment Options
  • Store and Forward.
  • Live Telemedicine.
  • Necessary Peripherals.
assess transmission options
Assess Transmission Options
  • Plain Old Telephone System (POTS)
  • Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)
  • Internet Protocol (IP)
  • Digital Subscriber Lines (DSL)
  • OCRA
  • OUCC
estimate costs
Estimate Costs
  • Employees.
  • Line Charges.
  • Equipment Costs.
  • Reimbursement and Revenue Streams???
address policy issues
Address Policy Issues
  • Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
  • Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO)
  • Licensure
  • Liability
operational organization
Operational Organization
  • Institutional Commitment.
  • Staffing Concerns.
  • Map out clinical, technical, and administrative activities.
implementation timelines
Implementation Timelines
  • Create Protocols.
  • Legal Counsel review.
  • Solicit equipment bids.
  • Research equipment.
  • Order equipment and telecom. lines.
  • Preliminary testing.
  • Training site coordinators and staff.
outcome measures
Outcome Measures
  • Clinical Outcomes.
  • Process Measures.
  • Participant Acceptability.
  • Costs.
telemedicine in indiana
Telemedicine in Indiana
  • Programs are few in number.
  • Acceptance among providers is growing.
  • Indiana, a leader in electronic medical records, is working to increase telemedicine activity.
  • Six main programs.
neuropsychonline
NeuroPsychOnline
  • Started in 2003.
  • Completed 250 consults.
  • Provides online interactive cognitive rehabilitation services for those with brain injury from injury, disease or other neurological anomaly.
  • For more information contact Odie Bracy at (317) 257-9672.
community behavioral care services
Community Behavioral Care Services
  • Psychiatric Consults.
  • Connects North Campus to South Campus.
  • Assessments for admission.
  • Small program but looking to expand.
  • For more information contact Travis Lozier, IT Site Director (317) 621-7987
st vincent health
St. Vincent Health
  • Home monitoring project for congestive heart failure patients & palliative care.
  • Distance learning and education programs.
  • https://secure.stvincent.org/distancelearning/default.aspx
  • Live interactive telepsychiatry services.
  • For more information contact John Winenger (317)415-6159.
st vincent health1
St. Vincent Health
  • Remote Monitoring for Group Homes starting in March 2007.
  • Tele-OB services with CAH (In progress).
  • EMS intermediate class with St. V. Williamsport via remote connection.
  • NP to MD consults via video connection to Clay City.
clarian telemedicine
Clarian Telemedicine
  • Program began in 2003 with HRSA grant.
  • Offers live, interactive consults between patients and providers.
  • Clarian Telemedicine has facilitated over 756 cases and completed 249 live interactive consults.
  • Clinic sites in Bedford, Terre Haute, South Bend, Fort Wayne and Evansville.
  • For more information contact Rebecca Salley at (317) 278-0195.
ruralconsult com
RuralConsult.com
  • Store and forward telemedicine program.
  • Created by Union Hospital’s Richard G. Lugar Center for Rural Health in December of 1999.
  • System provides online access to 12 medical specialists as well as continuing medical education credits.
  • RuralConsult.com has over 150 registered providers and has completed over 350 consults.
  • For more information contact Hicham Rahmouni, IT Specialist at (812) 238-7479.
telehealth advisory consortium
Telehealth Advisory Consortium
  • Formed by Greg Beck in May 2005.
  • Volunteer group of more than 20 members representing 10 different organizations.

Mission: To advance telehealth services in Indiana communities through collaboration, advocacy and education.

www.indianatac.org

fostering collaboration
Fostering Collaboration

Indiana Rural Health Association Annual Conference June 6th and 7th will feature a telemedicine track sponsored by ISDH and the Telehealth Advisory Consortium.

critical access hospital survey
Critical Access Hospital Survey
  • The Indiana State Department of Health has partnered with Beck’nCall to complete an onsite telehealth survey with CAH administrators.
  • Greg Beck MHA, initiated the Clarian telemedicine program and was instrumental in getting reimbursement talks initiated.
  • Greg Beck serves as the Chairman for the TAC.
  • For more information contact Greg at (317) 536-2601.
slide52
FCC
  • State Opportunity.
  • Collaborative Approach.
  • Contact Elizabeth Morgan at ISDH.
the barriers
The Barriers
  • Equipment costs.
  • Connectivity costs.
  • Reimbursement.
  • Practice Patterns.
  • Liability Concerns.
  • Lack of Knowledge.
getting better
Getting Better
  • Declining equipment costs.
  • Shared connectivity.
  • Improving reimbursement.
  • Increased Awareness.
benefits of telemedicine
Benefits of Telemedicine
  • Allows patient to receive medical care in their own community.
  • May lessen the amount of travel time for both patients and specialists.
  • Reduces sense of isolation felt by rural providers.
  • Enhances continuity of patient care.
what indiana needs to do
What Indiana Needs to Do
  • Track all outcomes.
  • Inform others and be informed.
  • Contact your legislators.
  • Get Connected.
excellent resource
Excellent Resource
  • “A Guide to Getting Started in Telemedicine”
  • Completed by funding through the Office for the Advancement of Telehealth (OAT) and Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA)
  • http://telehealth.muhealth.org/geninfo/TAD.html
  • Click on “Telemedicine Technical Assistance Documents”
telemedicine scenarios
Telemedicine Scenarios
  • Nursing Home.
  • Medicaid Child in Need of Psychiatric Services.
  • Stroke patient in Rural Indiana.
  • Stories from the field????
slide59
“There are three steps in the revelation of any truth: first, it is ridiculed,; in the second, resisted; in the third, it is considered self-evident.”

Schopenhauer (1788-1860)