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GLOBAL MARKETING. Marketing Strategy. Benefits of Strategy. Coordinates activities among functional areas of organization Defines resource allocation Leads to a superior market position. Components of Strategy. Statement of objectives. Establish general direction of strategy.

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Global marketing


Marketing Strategy

Benefits of strategy
Benefits of Strategy

  • Coordinates activities among functional areas of organization

  • Defines resource allocation

  • Leads to a superior market position

Components of strategy
Components of Strategy

Statement of objectives

Establish general

direction of strategy

Selection of strategic alternative(s)

Selection of customer targets

Choice of competitor targets


Statement of core strategy

Description of supporting marketing mix



Description of supporting functional programs

Marketing goals
Marketing Goals

  • Desired general accomplishments stated in vague terms.

  • Indicate the direction the firm is attempting to move and the set of priorities it will use in evaluating alternatives and making decisions.

  • Should be attainable and realistic.

  • Should be internally consistent.

  • Should be comprehensive and help to clarify the roles of all parties in the organization.

  • Should involve some degree of uncertainty.

Examples of goals
Examples of Goals

  • To have the largest, best-trained sales force in the industry.

  • Having the best recognized and most effective advertising campaign in the industry.

Marketing objectives
Marketing Objectives

  • Provide specific and quantitative benchmarks that can be used to gauge progress toward the achievement of the marketing goals for which they are developed.

  • Should be attainable with a reasonable degree of effort.

Examples of objectives
Examples of Objectives

  • The marketing department will be responsible for having 40% of customers listing this financial institution as their primary financial institution within one year.

  • The sales department will increase sales 18% during the next 2 years.

Strategic alternatives growth
Strategic Alternatives: Growth

  • Market development strategies

    • Attract non-users

    • Enter new markets

Attracting non users
Attracting non-users

  • Increase willingness to buy

    • Demonstrate benefits of product form

    • Develop new product forms with desired benefits

  • Increasing ability to buy

    • Offer lower prices or credit

    • Provide greater availability

Enter new markets
Enter new markets

  • Broaden distribution

    • Move into new geographic markets

    • Add channels of distribution

  • Product-line extension

    • Vertical product line extension

    • Horizontal product line extension

  • Expansion through acquisition or diversification

Increasing purchase rate
Increasing purchase rate

  • Broaden usage

    • Provide examples of additional uses of product

  • Increase consumption levels

    • Lower prices, special-volume packaging

    • Improve buyers’ perceptions of product benefits

  • Increase rate of replacement

    • Improve benefits, e.g., convenience, lower operating costs, that encourage early replacement

Attracting competitors customers
Attracting competitors’ customers

  • Head-to-head competition

    • Superior marketing effort

      • Quality, selection, availability, brand name recognition

    • Price-cost leadership

      • Offer comparable quality at lower price

  • Differentiation

    • adding a set of meaningful and valued differences to distinguish the firm’s offering from competitors’ offerings

    • Criteria:

      • important •preemptive

      • distinctive • affordable

      • superior • profitable

Strategic alternatives profitability
Strategic Alternatives: Profitability

  • Maintain satisfaction

    • Consistent, high quality

    • Effective customer complaint system

  • Build strong customer relationships

    • Encourage repeat business through formal relationships

    • Target best customers

  • Develop complementary products

    • Increase dependence on firm

Strategic alternatives cash flow
Strategic Alternatives: Cash Flow

  • Harvest market position

    • Systematically raise prices and reduce marketing expenses to capitalize on ST performance opportunities

  • Divest market position

    • Sell firm

    • Close down operation and sell assets

Introduction stage
Introduction Stage

  • Objective: Create awareness and product trial

    Product—offer a basic product

    Price—charge cost-plus


    Communications—target advertising to early adopters and dealers to increase awareness; heavy sales promotion to stimulate trial

Growth stage
Growth Stage

  • Objective: Maximize market share

    Product—product extensions, warranties

    Price—decrease prices to penetrate


    Communications—target advertising to mass market to increase awareness; reduce sales promotions

Maturity stage
Maturity Stage

  • Objective: Maximize profit while defending market share

    Product—diversify products and brands

    Price—match or best competitors’ prices

    Distribution—more intensive

    Communications—use advertising to stress brand differences and benefits; increase sales promotions to encourage brand switching

Decline stage
Decline Stage

  • Objective: Reduce expenditure and milk the brand

    Product—phase out weak models

    Price—cut price

    Distribution—selective; phase out unprofitable outlets

    Communications—reduce and target hard-core loyals; reduce sales promotions to minimal levels