The Writing Challenge:Getting 2e kids to write Susan Baum, Ph.D. http://twice-exceptional.wikispaces.com/
Writing issues • Automaticity and Asynchrony issues • Processing time • Working memory in terms of organization • Anxiety • Sustainability of attention • Content issues
Development is complicated by asynchrony What is asynchrony? Unevenness in development between and among domains • Social/emotional • Psychomotor • Cognitive
Steve, the young lepidopterologist • Expert on butterflies • Took college extension course he took with his mom • Can identify species with scientific names, coloring, probable locations • Started science club • Artist
The other side of the story • When asked to leave the gym because Steve was being too rough, he threw himself on the school psychologist’s office floor--crying, pounding pillows, and declaring emphatically that the world was unfit for his existence.
How old is Steve? • Chronological age is 12 • Intellectual age 17 • Psychomotor age 9 • Emotional age 6
Zone of Proximal Development • Children have individual growth curves. • We need to start from where they are in each domain. • Growth happens over time in small increments.
Information processing model Sensory Input Working Memory Attention Novelty Intensity Personalized Relevance Symbol System (Multiple Intelligence) Expression Understanding Memory • Application • Critical & creative thinking • Generalization Auditory Visual Kinesthetic
Automaticity/working memory/processing speed • Developmental asynchrony • Brainstorming ideas • Talking out ideas • Graphic organizers • Technology as a tool • Thinking lane • Focus point
Anxiety • Early experiences with writing failure creates highly anxious non writers. • Author’s corner • Pod casts • Story boards • Films • Poetry • Email notes • Monologues
Storytelling Interest Center
Each task card has a separate, red folder. The folders are numbered so that students can access task card directions as well as the needed materials to complete each exercise. The laptop computer remains in the interest center so that students may access bookmarked websites that correspond with individual task cards. Also, a tape recorder and video camera are provided for students to record their storytelling endeavors.
Motivation and preproduction for content and organization • Storyboarding • Using moral dilemmas • Drama
Bridging Bridging Scaffolding Steps 1.__________________ 2.__________________ 3.__________________ 4.__________________ 5.__________________ Initiating Activity Target Performance
Bridging • Using students’ strengths to bridge to literacy and numeracy skills • Employing instructional strategies that tap different intelligences Personal intelligences – Moral dilemmas Drama -- Emotional carpool and character interviews
Steps to conducting a moral dilemma • Present dilemma • Brainstorm solutions • Group by solution • Group consensus on three compelling reasons for choice • Present • Entertain friendly challenges • Provide opportunities to change opinion • Design closing activity
Using Drama • Warm-ups: sound ball, gift giving • Improvisations emotional carpool character interviews • Link to skill
Scaffolding: What would we want to know about a character? • Hobbies • Job • Education • Dreams • Family • Where he lives • What she does in her spare time • What annoys him • Pet peeve • How much money she makes
Scaffolding continued: Some interesting characters • Don the lazy dragon slayer • Lucy the bossy dancer • Jose the mixed-up gardener • Francesca the dangerous dentist
Growth model: scope and sequence • Role of power point presentations • We walk before we run • Developmental delays • Careful scaffolding
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Ben’s class: We can write • Daily short writing piece (pair share main idea, • Summary sketch with title, email to parents what was learned, it would be a great day today if, lesson evaluation, exit cards • Trailers • Essay
A case study: Final notes • Understand the profile. • Undertake each strategy as hypothesis testing • Provide a safe environment • Broaden conception of writing to creative producer including a wide range of products. • Remember to use a growth model!!