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  1. Tectonics Erosion Heat Ecology Resources & Sci. Skills 1pt 1 pt 1 pt 1pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2pt 2pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 4pt 4 pt 4pt 5pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt

  2. List the layers of the Earth from the outside to the inside.

  3. Crust, mantle, outer core, inner core

  4. What layer is made of the crust and the outermost mantle?

  5. Lithosphere

  6. Which layer allows lithospheric plates to slide on it?

  7. Asthenosphere

  8. Magma reaches the surface through ________ and __________.

  9. Volcanoes and fissures

  10. Why does CA have earthquakes?

  11. Located on a transform plate boundary.

  12. What is the main process that shapes the landscape?

  13. Running water

  14. How is sand moved along the coast?

  15. Longshore current

  16. The movement of sediment is called ___________

  17. Erosion

  18. A mountain climber finds a U-shaped valley. Which type of erosion likely created this?

  19. Glacier

  20. Cliffs, marine terraces and sea caves are all formed by ______?

  21. Waves

  22. When fuel is consumed, most energy is released as ________

  23. heat

  24. You touch a hot spoon and burn your finger. What type of heat transfer is this?

  25. Conduction…direct touch

  26. How are local breezes created?

  27. Uneven heating of Earth’s surface. Convection currents.

  28. How does heat transfer from the sun to the Earth?

  29. Radiation

  30. Does heat travel from hot to cold, or from cold to hot?

  31. Hot to cold

  32. How is energy transferred from one organism to another?

  33. Food webs

  34. Energy enters most ecosystems as ________.

  35. sunlight

  36. What is an abiotic factor?

  37. A non-living factor…water, shelter, sun

  38. Anything that restricts the number of individuals living in a population.

  39. Limiting factor.

  40. An organism that produces food through photosynthesis.

  41. Producer, Green plants

  42. Which of the following is a non-renewable resource? Water, wind, cotton, fossil fuels

  43. Fossil fuels

  44. What does wool come from?

  45. sheep

  46. What is a hypothesis?

  47. An educated guess that can be tested with an experiment

  48. How do scientists communicate the steps and results from an investigation?

  49. By using the scientific method

  50. What do you call the lines of equal elevation on a topographic map?