the cultural geography of south asia
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The Cultural Geography of South Asia. Mr. Marston Dominion Christian High School Geography 2009. Human Characteristics. 1/5 of earth’s population lives in South Asia (1.4 Billion people) Diverse: Religious, Cultural, Social, linguistic. India’s Population. A. Descendants of Dravidians

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the cultural geography of south asia

The Cultural Geography of South Asia

Mr. Marston

Dominion Christian High School

Geography 2009

human characteristics
Human Characteristics
  • 1/5 of earth’s population lives in South Asia (1.4 Billion people)
  • Diverse: Religious, Cultural, Social, linguistic
india s population
India’s Population
  • A. Descendants of Dravidians
  • B. Aryans: invaders from Central Asia
  • C. Descendants of British and Portuguese colonists
  • D. Refugees from Tibet and Sri Lanka
india s religions
India’s Religions
  • Hinduism

Jati: a group that defines one’s occupation and social position

  • Islam
  • Buddhism
  • Sikhs
  • Jainism
  • Christianity
pakistan and bangladesh
Pakistan and Bangladesh
  • Islamic heritage
  • 90% are practicing Muslims
  • Culturally diverse in Pakistan
  • Culturally monolithic in Bangladesh (Bengali)
sri lanka
Sri Lanka
  • Sinhalese: Buddhist majority and control the government
  • Tamils: Hindus.
  • Over 100,000 Sri Lankans have died since 1984 and one million people displaced from their homes
bhutan and nepal
Bhutan and Nepal
  • Ancestors from Mongolia
  • Bhutan: Bhote and Tibetan ancestry
  • Nepal: famous ethnic group is the Sherpas.
population density and distribution
Population Density and Distribution
  • 814 per sq. mile: 7 times the world’s average
  • South Asia will double its current population by 2050.
regional variation
Regional Variation
  • Climate, vegetation, and physical features have an impact on the number of people the land can support
  • Population decreases as the elevation increases.
  • Most people live in the Ganges Plain and along the Indian coast
  • People live where their food supply can be grown (Rice)
  • Live near jobs: tea and rubber plantations
  • Second most densely populated country in South Asia
  • Has difficulty feeding its population
  • Very poor
urban and rural life
Urban and Rural Life
  • Most South Asians live in the country
  • They farm, live in villages, and are subsistence farmers
  • South Asia is home to nomadic or semi-nomadic groups.
growing urbanization
Growing Urbanization
  • Over time, more people have moved to cities in hopes of better jobs and higher wages.
  • People strain the public resources and facilities (schools and hospitals)
  • Problems: Housing, Overcrowding, Pollution
south asia s cities
South Asia’s cities
  • Mumbai (Bombay) 18.1 million people
  • Kolkata (Calcutta): center of India’s iron and steel industries
  • Delhi:
  • Dhaka, Bangladesh: world’s second most densely populated urban area.
  • Karachi, Pakistan
  • Megapolis: chain of closely linked metropolitan areas.