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TRENDS IN THE USE OF CROPS DEVELOPED THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE USA AND THE WORLD. BY: Dr. Duane R. Berglund Professor of Plant Science and NDSU Extension Agronomist. GMO’s Transgenics GMC’s GM’s HTC’s. Biotechnology Terminology Used.

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trends in the use of crops developed through biotechnology in the usa and the world

TRENDS IN THE USE OF CROPS DEVELOPED THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE USA AND THE WORLD

BY:

Dr. Duane R. Berglund

Professor of Plant Science and

NDSU Extension Agronomist

biotechnology terminology used
GMO’s

Transgenics

GMC’s

GM’s

HTC’s

BiotechnologyTerminology Used
definition of biotechnology
“ The application of science and engineering in the direct and indirect use of living organisms or parts or products of living organisms, in their natural or modified forms”. Agric. And Agric. Food Canada.

“ A collection of scientific techniques…… that are used to create, improve or modify plants, animals and microorganisms…U. S. Dept. of Agriculture.

Definition of Biotechnology
natural gm of crops works
‘Natural’ GM of Crops Works!
  • Corn grain yields have increased by 1.6 bushels per acre per year for the last 70 years.
    • Primarily due to ‘natural’ genetic modification (GM) and improved crop production technologies.
but some worry
But, some worry…
  • The annual yield gain (1.6 bu/ac/yr) as a percent of the yield potential of the corn crop has been decreasing for the past 70 years.

Nagging Question:

Can we keep up with the increasing global need for food?

rapid adaptation biotech crops
Soybean

Corn

Cotton

Canola

3 years

3 years

2-3 years

1-2 years

Rapid Adaptation – Biotech Crops
bio tech crops 2005 united states
USDA Estimates: Major Crops

118 million acres in USA

10 % Increase in acres

30 fold increase since inception in 1996

BIO TECH CROPS – 2005UNITED STATES
bio tech crops 2005 united states1
BIO TECH CROPS – 2005UNITED STATES
  • 87% soybean acres GM (Glyphosate tolerant).
  • 63.8 Million Acres GM
  • 70% canola acres GM (Glyphosate tolerant and Liberty tolerant)
  • 700,000 Acres GM
bio tech crops 2005
BIO TECH CROPS - 2005
  • 52% corn acres GM

26 % Bt only

17 % Herbicide tolerant only

9% Stacked gene Hybrids

  • 42.4 Million Acres GM in USA
bio tech crops 20051
BIO TECH CROPS - 2005
  • 79% cotton acres GM

18% Bt only

27% Herbicide Tolerant only

34% Stacked gene cultivars

  • 11.1 Million Acres GM in USA
2005 biotech crop estimates north dakota
Corn - North Dakota 52 % Acres

Soybeans- North Dakota 89% Acres

Canola – USA including North Dakota 70% Acres or higher

2005 Biotech Crop Estimates NORTH DAKOTA
herbicide tolerant crops benefits
Easy to use

Full spectrum weed control

No carryover residues (Liberty or Roundup)

Environmentally safe

Excellent crop safety

Wide application window (crop stages & weed stages)

Control of larger weeds

Allowance for rescue weed control

Less cost??

Herbicide Tolerant Crops – Benefits
herbicide tolerant crops concerns
Spray drift –non-target crops

Multiple applications may be required

Misapplication to non-resistant crop varieties

Premium price for seed

Short rotations resulting in added disease/insect problems

Public non-acceptance of genetically altered crops

Pollen movement to organically grown crops

Resistant weed species (Expected in the future)

Resistant volunteers to control

Herbicide Tolerant Crops - Concerns
biotech update status other crops
SUGARBEET: Roundup Ready is label approved

Liberty Tolerant is label approved

However, Industry Processors will not accept!!

SUNFLOWER: (Imi) Clearfield sunflower

Hybrids in commercial Fields since 2002(Non-GM)

WHEAT: (Hard Red Spring): (Imi) Clearfield wheat

Available in 2002

Roundup Ready – Presently placed on hold!!

-Certain Markets not ready to accept!!

POTATO: Bt potato available and approved

Cultivars were withdrawn because of food safety/marketing issues

Biotech Update/Status Other Crops
slide24

Added Value Soybean Grain and Grain Products

Protein Quality

Energy, Digestibility

Increased Stability

Healthy Oils

38% Protein

30%

Carbohydrate

18% Oil

waves of productivity improvement
Waves of Productivity Improvement

INDUSTRIAL & NOVEL PRODUCTS

Renewable Polymers

Chemical Feedstocks

Nutraceuticals

  • PLANT PERFORMANCEDrought ToleranceCold Tolerance
  • Maturity
  • FOODHealthNutrition
  • Flavor

PRODUCTIVITY

(Value Creation)

  • FEEDNutritionEnvironment
  • Meat Quality
  • CROP PROTECTIONInsect ResistanceDisease Resistance
  • Herbicide Tolerance

GERMPLASM BASE - THE FOUNDATION

Time

slide26
There is a huge hungry world to feed (Growing Population).

There has never been a greater need for aggressive agricultural research!

There has never been more promise of what research can accomplish!