Fire Escape Route Gathering Place Room Hazards Restroom Locations Food Breaks Cell Phones & Pagers Materials Safety & Administration
Question… “What are we doing, that we have always done, that is no longer an acceptable risk?”
Dedication This training is dedicated to all employees who have suffered disabling injuries and to the memory of employees who died in workplace injuries.
Learning Objectives After completing this training you will be able to: • Discuss personal risk tolerance, what influences our decisions and how to assess what is acceptable risk • Identify safety and health hazard types associated with a given job task • Apply risk reduction methods and equip you with a tool to analyze risk assessment to keep you safer
Definitions • Hazard Recognition – Recognizing a condition or behavior that can cause harm • Risk Analysis – Analyzing the probability and severity of risk in order to reduce the chance that harm will occur
Injuries: A Matter of Probabilities Truck Trailer Moves, driver jumps to the ground and lift truck rolls over him 1 FATAL Driver jumps to the ground and breaks his leg 30 LOST-TIME INJURIES Driver jumps to the ground and sprains his ankle 300 INJURIES REQUIRING MEDICAL ATTENTION Lift truck is driven into truck trailer and trailer moves 3,000 NEAR-MISSES OR FIRST AID Wheel chocks not in place at rear wheels of trailer 30,000 HAZARDS Unsafe Acts Unsafe Conditions
Why is Risk Analysis and Reduction Important? • What are some examples of occupational injuries and illnesses that you have seen? • What were the impacts of those injuries • On the employee? • To his/her family? • To his/her co-workers? • To the business?
Personal Risk Tolerance How do we decide what is risky? Let’s look at examples of activities and rate the risk level of each activity.
Low High What is your personal risk perception of 1 2 3 4 5 the following activities? 1. Bungee jumping 2. Sunbathing 3. Traveling by plane 4. Mountain biking 5. Traveling overseas 6. Driving without a seat belt 7. Smoking 8. Skiing 9. Skateboarding 10. Driving at 10 miles per hour over the speed limit What’s Your Personal Risk Tolerance? 11. Disagreeing with your spouse (or significant other)
Personal Factors Experience (Positive/negative) Knowledge/Skill Age Physical Ability Situational Factors Stress Rushing Control Organizational Factors Safety System Leadership Behaviors Peer Behaviors Factors That Influence Our Decisions
Personal Factors What personal beliefs would motivate someone do this?
Our Actions Are Driven By Organizational Beliefs • Safety Systems • Are systems in place to encourage people to do the job with minimal risk? • Leadership Behaviors • Are at-risk, time-saving actions accepted? • Peer Behaviors • Do our co-workers encourage at risk behavior?
Organizational Factors What is in the safety system that would allow this?
The Social Environment & Cultural Resistance to Change I feel comfortable doing this and have done it this way a thousand times before “ Safety slows a job down ” PPE is uncomfortable
Risk Perception • We perceive risk differently • Many factors influence our decision • By understanding our risk tolerance and personal / organizational factors, we can prevent injuries
Objective Reasoning vs. Personal Opinion Use the risk assessment matrix instead of relying on one person’s assessment of what is “risky”
Accessing Acceptable Risk • Probability • Unlikely – not likely to occur • Likely – may occur • Very likely –near certain to occur • Severity • Marginal – Minor Injury or First Aid • Critical – Injury or Lost Time Injury • Catastrophic – Death or Permanent Disability
Identify hazards before starting a task: What is involved in this task that can hurt me or my co-workers? How can I/we keep from being hurt while performing this task? Types of Hazards Unsafe conditions Unsafe acts (behaviors) Identifying Hazards
Assessing the Risks • Surroundings • Work, equipment and tools • Likelihood and extent of harm – what is the risk code?
Developing a Safe Solution or Plan • Can I eliminate the hazard? • Can I minimize the risks? • Do I need help? • Is there a better time to do the work? • Do others need to be informed? • What specific PPE and tools are required? • What lock out or permit is needed? • Is there a JSA or reliable method/procedure I need to review?
Decide if someone could be immediately injured. If it is an emergency (Risk Code greater than 1) Talk to your supervisor and reach agreement on how to get the issue fixed as quickly as possible. If it is NOT an emergency …. What is the Safe Solution?
Not Sure of a Safe Process to Use? • Work together to develop a safe solution • If the risk is beyond “Marginal” in severity and “Likely” or “Unlikely” to occur I need to contact my supervisor and/or the safety department • Share my concerns – discuss at post-outage meetings, team meetings, etc. • Act safely • Follow your solution/plan
Let’s Try the Process! • Form teams • Select one of the six examples on the following slides • View the picture and then… • Identify the hazards • Assess the risks • Develop a safe solution or plan • Report back to the group in 10 minutes
Team Report Out • What hazards did you identify? • What risk assessment code did you identify for those hazards? • What safe solutions or plans did you come up with?
Review: Before and After • Prior to performing a task yourself • Recognize - What is involved in this job that can hurt me or my co-workers? • Reduce - How can I/we keep from being hurt while doing this job? • After performing a task ask each other • What was your assessment of the situation? • What risks you identified? • What were the identified controls? • What can be shared with others? • Share learnings at post outage meetings, team meetings, etc. Participate in injury prevention activities on and off the job
Injury Prevention Activities • JSAs/Procedures • Engineering/Design • Training • Housekeeping • Inspections/Audits • Safety meetings
Learning Objectives - How Did We Do? After completing this training you will be able to: • Discuss personal risk tolerance, what influences our decisions and how to assess what is acceptable risk • Identify safety and health hazard types associated with a given job task • Apply risk reduction methods to keep you safer
Summary and Evaluation • Ask for input • Complete class evaluation