Risk/Hazard Management
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Risk/Hazard Management. Job Safety Analysis (JSA). Job Hazard Analysis (JHA). Barriers to Incidents. Work Management Systems. Personal Planning.. ( Stepback 5 X 5 ). Formal Risk Assessments. Procedures & Planning. JSA/JHA. Incident Occurs. Incident Paths.

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Risk hazard management

Risk/Hazard Management

Job Safety Analysis (JSA)

Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

Risk hazard management

Barriers to Incidents




Personal Planning..

(Stepback 5 X 5)

Formal Risk







Incident Paths

What is a job safety hazard analysis jsa jha
What is a Job Safety/Hazard Analysis (JSA./ JHA)

It is a process by which we identify hazards for each job step and devise safe controls to

eliminate or reduce the potential of occurrence.

Why use jsa s jha s
Why use JSA’s/JHA’s?

  • To identify hazards and their means of control

  • To gain commitment of personnel to use safe practices

  • To identify safer and more efficient methods of working

When should you do a jsa
When should you do a JSA?

Does the task involve a medium or high risk activity?

Will existing systems identify and control the hazards?





Undertake completing a JHA involving the work team

Use the Step Back 5x5 Process to identify and control hazards, before during and after the task

Undertake completing a JHA involving the work team

If JHA was used, improve the JHA based on feedback from the workgroup

“Nobody Got Hurt”

Risk hazard management

Example ‘Critical Operations’ that require a JHA

  • Nipple Up/Nipple Down BOP and Diverter

  • Testing of BOP

  • Running casing, liners and tubing

  • Cementing operations

  • Heavy lifts inter-rig or from/to supply vessel

  • Laying down/picking-up of drill pipe

  • Pressure Testing of equipment or the wellbore

  • Transfer of Hydrocarbons from/to supply vessel (inclusive of diesel)

  • Anchor handling

  • Use of unusual/unfamiliar equipment or procedures

Example routine operations that require ajha
Example ,Routine Operations’ that require aJHA

  • Pipe or BHA handling and tripping

  • Personnel lifting

  • Work at height or over water

  • High noise activities (grinding, pressure washing etc.)

  • Handling and use of hazardous chemicals

  • Where a specific task involves a team of people

  • Working with radioactive substances or explosives

  • Potentially conflicting simultaneous operations

  • Tasks that require work permits (e.g. confined space, hot work)

    What are some other examples?

    What shouldn’t require a JHA?

Definition of a hazard
Definition of a Hazard

A hazard is something which by itself or by interacting with other variables can result in:

  • Physical injury or death

  • Damage to assets or the environment

  • Production loss or increased liability

    Examples: Heights, confined spaces, slippery surfaces, weather, control of hazardous energy, chemicals, hydrocarbon release, equipment, lack of training, loss of concentration and etc.

Things to consider when conducting a jha
Things to Consider When Conducting a JHA

  • What is the job I am being asked to do?

  • How might I hurt myself or others?

  • What is the logical order for completing the job?

  • What materials will I be dealing with?

  • What tools and equipment will I be using?

  • What could happen if automated equipment failed?

  • When will the job be done? (Day, Night, Cold or Hot)

  • How might the job affect people/activities/equipment?

  • How might the job be affected by other people/activities/equipment?

Jsa forms must have 3 basic elements
JSA Forms Must Have 3 Basic Elements

Safe Work





Example jha form

Job Safety Analysis Worksheet


Rig Name

Well Name



JSA Prepared By

Job Description


Reviewed By




Approved By



Required Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Work Permits Required

Sequence of Job Steps

Potential Hazards

Procedures / Precautions








Is there a possibility of striking against, being struck by, or making harmful contact with an object; of being

caught in, by, or between objects; or slipping, tripping, or falling; of developing a strain from pushing, lifting, bending, or twisting; of

coming in contact with electricity or other power source; of receiving a thermal or chemical burn; of being exposed to a hazardous

environment; of objects embedding in the eye; of exposure to NORM radiation.

Example JHA Form

Step 1 separate job into basic job steps
Step 1: Separate job into basic job steps

  • What job step comes first? Wording should begin with an “action” word (remove, open, weld, run casing in hole, etc.)

  • If a job has more than 8-10 steps, break it into parts and produce a JHA for each part.

  • Job steps are not to be confused with a procedure to perform the task.



Safe Work



Step 2 identify hazards associated w each step
Step 2: Identify hazards associated w/ each step

  • Use Phrases like:

    • Struck by or against ______ (ask what, where, who?)

    • Contact with or contacted by ______

    • Caught on/under/between/against _______

    • Exposure to temperature/chemical/noise

    • Fall from a height

  • Identify specifically what the hazards are

  • Be specific, avoid generalizations like pinch points, slip/strips/falls, etc.

  • What are the potential injuries to those involved?



Safe Work



Step 3 develop safe work controls
Step 3:Develop Safe Work Controls

Can the hazard be eliminated?

Elimination /


Can the conditions or

equipment be changed?



Can the job procedures

be changed or can the

required frequency

be reduced?





Safe Work



Risk hazard management

Step 3:Develop Safe Work Controls

Should training be


Administrative control

Should PPE be used?

Personal behavior



Safe Work



Things to consider when doing the job
Things to Consider When Doing the Job

  • If conditions, scope, personnel change or a new hazard is noted during the job…STOP AND ‘STEP BACK 5 x 5’

  • Assemble work team and re-evaluate the situation

  • Modify JHA if needed

  • Control new hazards

Post job jha review
Post Job JHA Review

  • Upon job completion, all participants should meet to capture lessons learned

  • Share significant lessons learned with other work teams

  • Update JHA database to keep it evergreen

Expectations for exxonmobil and contractor rig leadership
Expectations for ExxonMobil and Contractor Rig Leadership.

  • Involve yourself in the preparation and completion of JHA’s with your team (at least one per day)

  • Visit the worksite during the task to confirm that the job is going as planned. Use this chance to reinforce safe behaviors

  • Give positive feedback to the team upon successful job completion and note opportunities for improvement

How can we improve jha quality
How can we improve JHA Quality ?

  • Use the Contractor form/system the workers have been trained on if it meets our requirements

  • Provide additional hands-on training

  • Supervisors get involved in the process

  • Review the JHA after the job is completed to capture learnings

  • Use a leading indicator such as JHA Scorecard

    • reinforces what you consider quality

    • gets team focused on improvement