great zimbabwe 600 ad to 1450 n.
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GREAT ZIMBABWE 600 AD to 1450. ORIGIN: Derived from the Shona phrase meaning “stone enclosure” or “house of rock”. LOCATION. What are some factors that make a location great? W hy would people choose to build a city in a location?. LOCATION of Great Zimbabwe.

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great zimbabwe 600 ad to 1450

GREAT ZIMBABWE600 AD to 1450

ORIGIN:

Derived from the Shona phrase meaning “stone enclosure” or “house of rock”

location
LOCATION
  • What are some factors that make a location great?
  • Why would people choose to build a city in a location?
location of great zimbabwe
LOCATION of Great Zimbabwe
  • Between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers
  • Huge plains surround the city to support agriculture and herding
  • Believed to have been built on a gold-rich mine
  • 60 acres
  • Located on a plateau
plateau
PLATEAU

area of fairly level ground

specifics
SPECIFICS
  • Buildings are made of stone
  • Very uniform and straight
  • Well planned
  • In the major walls, the stones are perfectly fitted with each other
  • No mortar(like glue for rocks) was used
  • The only openings in the wall were for:
    • the entrance
    • drainage ditches
slide14

Great Zimbabwe walls are similar to those constructed for Medieval castles in Europe

WHICH IS WHICH?

Great Zimbabwe

Medieval Castle wall

western enclosure elliptical building
WESTERN ENCLOSURE/ ELLIPTICAL BUILDING
  • Outer wall is 32 feet high and up to 17 feet thick in some spots
  • Stretches over 800 feet
  • Had up to 20,000 people living in mud huts around building
  • This was the dividing line between the rich people and the poor
elliptical building1
ELLIPTICAL BUILDING
  • This was the dividing line between the rich people and the poor. Several clues led to this theory:
    • First, remnants of exotic items from overseas were found within the enclosure.
    • Second, no evidence of cooking was found within the walled area. Most likely, this means that food was prepared elsewhere by servants and delivered to the wealthy inhabitants upon demand.
    • And third, evidence of only 100-200 residents is shown, while many thousands occupied the city.
    • This building was probably used for the King/ruler or for the melting of gold
ranking of society
RANKING OF SOCIETY
  • Elite Leaders (people considered to be the best because of their power, talent, and wealth)
    • Kings
    • Big business leaders
  • Cattle
  • Peasants
    • Built the houses for the “elite”
    • Looked after the cattle
    • Grew crops
trade
TRADE

Imported (brought into the area) -Chinese porcelain, engraved glass from the Middle East, metal ornaments from West Africa

Exported (sent out of an area) gold to East Africa. East African cities on the coast could trade to other countries.

what makes the city so mysterious
What makes the city so mysterious?
  • They left behind no written language or oral tradition
  • Declined for no reason in the 1400s
  • No evidence of how it was actually constructed
  • Walls of Zimbabwe are very impressively built
who lived here
Who lived here?
  • Shona people
  • Language: Bantu
  • Mainly agricultural (both men and women farm)
    • grow maize (corn) and grain crops
    • Cattle (taboo-not acceptable-for women to work with cows)
music
MUSIC

Ngoma (drum)

Mbira (thumb piano)

Ngororombe

(pan flute)

why are cattle important
Why are cattle important?

Brainstorm a list of possible uses for cattle.

biases about zimbabwe
Biases about Zimbabwe
  • “Westerners (such as Europeans and Americans) argued that such amazing structures could not have been crafted in Africa without European influence or assistance. These notions reflect ethnocentrism, or the tendency to view one's own culture as the best and others as inferior. With the help of modern dating techniques, today's archaeologists have been able to disprove these arguments and expose the truth. Africans, and Africans alone, were responsible for building this astounding and complex city.”
what does this mean
What does this mean?
  • What does this say about the Shona people’s abilities?
  • What does this say about how people in the world used to view Africans?
  • Do you think this viewpoint has changed?
  • How do you think the Africans feel about how they are thought of in other cultures?
  • What is your viewpoint?
slide29

Great Zimbabwe Video

Complete the 3-2-1 Strategy on a separate sheet of paper.

List 3things you learned,

2 interesting facts, and

1 question you still have.