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Parts of Speech Overview. To Begin. On a clean piece of paper, number 1 - 20 Page 2 of your Holt Handbook. Complete the Diagnostic Preview: Identifying Parts of Speech. . Preposition Adjective Noun Verb Interjection Adjective Conjunction Adverb Adjective Preposition. Pronoun

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Parts of Speech Overview

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to begin
To Begin
  • On a clean piece of paper, number 1 - 20
  • Page 2 of your Holt Handbook. Complete the Diagnostic Preview: Identifying Parts of Speech.




















  • Nouns
    • Common and Proper
    • Concrete and Abstract
    • Collective
    • Compound
  • Pronouns
    • Personal
    • Reflexive and Intensive
    • Demonstrative
    • Interrogative
    • Relative
    • Indefinite
  • Definition (refer to 1a on page 3)
    • A noun names a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
    • Example: The dog ate the cat.
common and proper nouns
Common and Proper Nouns
  • Page 3 of Holt Handbook
  • Common Noun
    • Names one of a group of persons, places, things, or ideas
  • Proper Nouns
    • Names a particular person, place, thing, or idea
concrete and abstract
Concrete and Abstract
  • On your paper, sketch the following:
    • Award
    • Courage
    • Adventure
    • Monkey
concrete and abstract nouns
Concrete and Abstract Nouns
  • Concrete Noun
    • Names a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
  • Abstract Noun
    • Names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic
collective and compound nouns
Collective and Compound Nouns

Page 4 in your Holt Handbook

  • Collective Noun
    • Singular form naming a group.
    • Example: This class. While there are many of us, this class is regarded as one.
  • Compound Noun
    • Consists of two or more words that together name a person, a place, a thing, or an idea.
the pronoun
The Pronoun
  • Page 5 in your Holt Handbook
    • Definition: A pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns.
  • Antecedent: The word that the pronoun replaces.
the pronoun12
The Pronoun
  • Write down this sentence:
    • Mr. Kelly smells his armpit.

Underline the nouns (there are two).

Circle the pronoun (the word that takes the place of, in this case, a noun)

Box the Antecedent (the noun the pronoun replaces)

  • Define
  • Articles
  • Words can be both?!?
  • Proper Adjectives
  • Exercises
the adjective15
The Adjective

Refer to page 9 in your Holt Handbook

  • Definition: An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun
    • Modify: To describe or to make more definite the meaning of the word. Adjectives modify nouns or pronouns by telling what kind, which one, how many, or how much
  • A, An, and The
    • Our Holt Handbook refers to articles as Adjectives – other grammarians do not. I tend the believe they are their own part of speech.
  • Three of the most common words.
    • A and an are Indefinite articles
    • The is a definite article
  • Some words can be both adjectives or pronouns or both adjectives and nouns. It is important to read the complete sentence and work in context.
    • Examples on page 10 and 11
proper adjectives
Proper Adjectives
  • An adjective formed from a proper noun
    • A lecture of Mr. Kellian proportions.
    • See page 12 for more examples
  • Definition
  • Action and Linking Verbs
  • Main and Helping Verbs
  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Exercises
the verb
The Verb

Refer to page 13 in your Holt Handbook

  • Definition: A verb expresses action or a state of being
    • Examples: run, sit, think, dance, wallop.
  • In my opinion: Verbs are the key to sentences.
action verbs and linking verbs
Action verbs and Linking Verbs
  • Action verbs: Expresses either physical or mental activity (see chart, page 13)
  • Linking verbs: connects the subject to a word or work group in the predicate.
    • If this is mumbo-jumbo to you now, spend time memorizing the charts on page 14.
main verbs and helping verbs
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs
  • Verb phrases: Consists of at least one main verband one or more helping verbs.
    • Refer to chart on page 15.
transitive verbs and intransitive verbs
Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs
  • Object: a word that tells who or what received the action.
  • Definition: Transitive Verb has an object
  • Definition: Intransitive Verb does not have an object
    • Refer to page 16 for examples
  • Take out a clean piece of paper and turn to page 17 of your Holt Handbook.
  • Complete “Exercise 3: Identifying and Classifying Verbs” However, follow these directions:
  • For each sentence, write down the verb(s) present in each sentence. The following slide shows the number of verbs for each sentence.
exercise 3 template
One verb phrase

One verb, one verb phrase

Three verb phrases

Four verbs

One verb phrase

One verb

One verb

Two verbs

Two verbs

One verb

Exercise 3 template
exercise 3 answers
Has borrowed

Sounds; do hear

Will pronounce; will spell; had come

Hides; gives; is

Might have come



Adopted; became

Became; led


Exercise 3 answers
the adverb
The Adverb
  • Works much like and adjective
  • An Adverb modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
    • Reminder: To modify means to describe or make more definite the meaning of a word.
  • Adverbs tell how, when, where, or to what extent (how much or how long)
  • Refer to page 18 for examples.


Shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition, to another word.

  • The puppy ran beside me.
  • The puppy ran towardme.
  • The puppy ran aroundme.
  • The puppy ran past me.
  • The puppy ran after me.
  • The puppy ran behind me.
  • The puppy ran in front of me.
preposition or adverb
Preposition or Adverb?
  • Preposition:

We drove around the parking lot.

(The compound noun parking lot is the object of around.)

  • Adverb:

We drove around for a while.

(Around modifies the verb drove.)

compound prepositions
Compound Prepositions
  • A preposition that consists of two or more words.
  • Examples:
    • The young sculptor made a scale model of Mount Rushmore out ofclay.
    • She placed a photograph of Mount Rushmore next toher clay model.
  • Exercise 5, pg. 22, #1-10

Write the complete sentences with the prepositions that you used.

the conjunction

The Conjunction

Joins words or word groups

coordinating conjunctions
Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Joins word or word groups that are used in the same way.
  • Example:
    • We found a bat and a glove.
    • They may be hiding in the attic or the basement.
correlative conjunctions
Correlative Conjunctions
  • Pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way.
  • Examples:
    • Both athletes and singers must train for long hours.
    • We searched not only behind the garage but also under the pecan tree.
subordinating conjunctions
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Begins a subordinate clause (not a complete thought) and connects it to an independent clause.
  • Example:
    • We arrived late because our train was delayed.
    • While Sherlock Holmes explained his theory, Dr. Watson listened quietly.
the interjection

The Interjection

Expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence.

  • Well, I think you should apologize to her.
  • Ouch! That hurts!
example from friday s quiz
Example from Friday’s quiz
  • Zippers, which most people use several times each week, were not invented until 1893.
    • Adverb
    • Preposition
    • Adjective
    • Conjunction