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Gender in Country Partnership Strategies - The Vietnam experience February 22, 2012. Mette Frost Bertelsen , CPS Co-TTL and Gender Focal Point. Brief Overview of Gender in Vietnam.

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Gender in country partnership strategies the vietnam experience february 22 2012

Gender in Country Partnership Strategies- The Vietnam experienceFebruary 22, 2012

Mette Frost Bertelsen, CPS Co-TTL and Gender Focal Point

Brief overview of gender in vietnam
Brief Overview of Gender in Vietnam

  • Vietnam has made significant progress in gender equality (legal framework, education, infant and maternal mortality, participation, etc.)

  • Important challenges remain, both socially and economically (health insurance coverage, employment, education gaps for ethnic minorities, poverty among widows, etc.)

  • Policy actions are needed to address these challenges in the context of an economy making the transition from low to middle income

Vietnam cps and gender
Vietnam CPS and Gender

  • CPS process launched in fall of 2010

  • 2 gender initiatives informed the CPS:

    • Vietnam Country Gender Assessment, conducted by the Bank in collaboration with other development partners and Government

    • Country Gender Action Plan – the Bank’s internal assessment of how it could address gender issues more effectively in the CPS program

  • In addition, gender issues came up in various rounds of internal and external consultations

Vietnam country gender assessment 2011
Vietnam Country Gender Assessment 2011

  • Overview of Gender Issues

  • Gender, Poverty and Well-Being

  • Gender and Employment

  • Gender and Political Participation

  • Conclusions & Policy Recommendations

Vietnam country gender action plan cgap
Vietnam Country Gender Action Plan (CGAP)

  • Developed in spring of 2011

  • Informed by “Gender Inventory Report” and consultations with team, GoV, Dev Partners

    • Overview of gender issues

    • Current gender related efforts in Vietnam: GoV and DPs

    • World Bank and Gender: goals, current activities, planned actions, resources

    • Results Matrix

Vietnam cps 2012 2016 framework
Vietnam CPS 2012-2016 Framework

  • 3 Pillars:

    • Competitiveness

    • Sustainability

    • Opportunities

  • 3 Cross-cutting themes:

    • Governance

    • Resilience

    • Gender

  • Gender “Coverage” in the CPS:

    • Section on gender in ‘Poverty and Inequality’ diagnostics

    • Description of how gender will be a cross-cutting theme

    • Box with example of gender mainstreaming in project

    • Annex on gender issues

    • Gender milestones included in CPS Results Framework

What cps says on gender
What CPS says on Gender

The Bank’s support to gender in the CPS has four key elements:

  • To support Government in improving the implementation of the Law on Gender Equality and the National Strategy on Gender Equality, in part by building gender awareness and capacity within relevant ministries;

  • To support the development of a national gender data system by building on the recent development of the National Gender Statistical Indicator System;

  • To apply a gender lens to identify opportunities to integrate gender more systematically into Bank operations, including by making the systematic collection of data disaggregated by gender a guiding principle; and

  • To help close the knowledge gap through quantitative and qualitative research on gender issues.

    All of these areas of action are cross-cutting in nature and impact.

Monitoring progress example from cps matrix
Monitoring Progress – example from CPS Matrix

What worked pitfalls
What Worked/Pitfalls

  • Analytical underpinnings important, but CGAP or similar plan with concrete actions even more important

  • Consultations with team to get as much ownership as possible – Gender Sector Champions?

  • Strong support from CD, sector management

  • Good coordination with DPs – focus on Comp Advantages

  • Helped that Gender is IDA16 theme

  • Pitfalls:

    • Risk of overpromising – how to make CPS living document

    • Mainstreaming risk – “everywhere is nowhere”