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Chapter 6 Moving towards Independence
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  1. Chapter 6 Moving towards Independence

  2. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Britain tried to control the colonies in a uniformed way so they imposed new laws and restrictions. • Proclamation of 1763- colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian mountains, land kept for Native Americans • Reason: British were preventing a Native American uprising. • Quartering Act- to enforce the Proclamation king sent 10,000 soldiers, to save money passed an act saying colonist must quarter or house the soldiers and give them supplies. • Reason: British wanted to keep peace in the colonies and enforce the Proclamation Act. • Colonist reaction was they were angry being forced by parliament

  3. Question • How is the Proclamation Act connected to the Quartering Act? • They both allowed the colonist to gain independence from Britain • They both put a tax on Native Americans living west of the Appalachian Mountains • British sent soldiers to the Americans to keeps the peace and enforce the Acts • British sent soldiers to push the Native American off the land and needed colonist homes to protect them.

  4. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Reason: British parliament taxed American directly because they owned a large debt from the French and Indian War • Sugar Act- law placed tax on sugar, molasses and other products shipped to the colonies.(mostly effect merchants) • James Otis cry's out “Taxation without representation is tyranny”! Tyranny=oppression • Stamp Act- law required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing that a tax had been paid. (effected everyone in the colonies) • Colonist Reaction: Colonist were angry and wanted to protest and boycott • Patrick Henry a colonial representative worried that without representation British parliament could tax anything the colonist had.

  5. Question • What was the main colonist reaction to both the Sugar and Stamp Act? • Joy for have no representation and being taxed • Anger for not having representation and being taxed • Did not care about having representation and being taxed • All of the above

  6. British ACTS that lead to revolution • REACTION TO SUGAR & STAMP • Colonist called for boycotts, protests of taxes saying lack of representation in parliament • Created a Stamp Act congress which created a petition to the king saying colonies not parliament could tax • Sons of liberty “secret group” mostly made up of workers effected by the stamp Act, • They protested and attacked customs officials by covering them with hot tar and feathers and paraded them in public

  7. Question • What type of protest who you Join the Stamp Act congress or the Son of Liberty and why. • I would join ___________ because…. • Now Vote • Stamp Act • Sons of Liberty

  8. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Parliament repealedthe Stamp Act, however passed another Act called Declaratory Act • Declaratory Act- law that Parliament had supreme authority to govern the colonies included taxing’ • Reason: Britain wanted to Maintain total control over the American Colonies through parliament • Colonist Reaction: Angry and claimed loss of freedoms and rights

  9. ACTS Propaganda Using your notes pick a ACT to create a propaganda poster in your interactive notebook. Follow the rubric techniques and come up with an original poster. You can create the poster from either side the British or colonist. You are trying to persuade people to think the ACT is good or bad Must be in pencil black and white.

  10. Question • Why is have supreme authority so important to have over a group of people? • Discuss with your group and each member come up with pros and cons about with having supreme authority over a group of people.

  11. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Townshend Act- • named for Charles Townshend the Kings finance minister • this law placed an import (brought in from somewhere else)tax on goods brought into the colonies. (glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea.) • Reason: British still needed revenue to pay for its expenses in America. • To insure this import tax was enforced British soldiers used writes of assistance or search warrants to enter home or businesses to search for smuggled goods

  12. Question What is the Townshend Act? • Tax on some goods for revenue • Tax on all goods for revenue • Search warrant to look for smuggled goods • Search warrant to sale smuggled goods

  13. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Colonist Reaction to the Townshend Act: • The Townshend Acts/writs of assistance leads to colonist saying freedoms and rights were taken away “no taxation w/o Representation • In Boston Samuel Adams leader of “SofL” called for protest and asked shopkeepers not to sell goods in made from Britain • The Daughters of liberty urged colonists to weave and only use American goods.

  14. Question • True or False • IS one of the main reactions from the colonist is the cry “No Taxation without Representation”? Explain what they means to your elbow partner. • Vote True or False

  15. Boston Massacre • Boston has growing tension because of the Townshend, Writs of assistance and British soldiers taking colonist jobs(reason) • in 1770 a group of youth and dockworkers trading verbal insults with British soldiers • soldiers opened fired and killed 4 colonist including a African American sailor Crispus Attucks. • This even became known as the Boston massacre • The effect was that it become a tool for anti-British propaganda and a symbol of British tyranny • John Adams defends the solders in court and wins by calming self defense.

  16. Question • Which is not a reason for the Boston Massacre • Townshend Act • Proclamation Act of 1763 • Writs of assistance • British soldiers taking colonist jobs

  17. British ACTS that lead to revolution • Samuel Adams still wanted to work hard towards freedom developed the Committees of Correspondence. • these groups throughout the colonies exchanged letters about colonial affairs • As the massacre was happening parliament repealed all but one tax because the boycotts and protest affect British revenue. • The TEA Act- Parliament kept the tax on tea • Reason: Britain wanted to control all of the tea and that they still had the right to tax the colonists. • Colonist Reaction: angry because they had to buy tea only from the British and pay a tax on that tea

  18. You are a Colonist and you are mad about the 7 Acts that have been passed by British parliament. You are your colonies Committee of Correspondence and you are asked to pick two ACTS and write about what they are and your reaction to it. You need to find 2 different people from 3 different colonial regions to exchange your correspondence. once you exchanged both now find 2 different people to explain the correspondence you have gotten.

  19. Question • What Act did not get cut because the protesting and boycotting was working • Stamp Act • Sugar Act • Tea Act • Quartering Act

  20. Boston Tea Party • 1773 a group of colonists in Boston upset over British take over of the Tea dressed as Native Americans and boarded three British tea ships • They dumped 342 chests of tea into Boston Harbor and the event became know as the Boston Tea Party • Colonists wanted to show parliament how much they were against being taxed without representation. • British Parliament reaction to the Boston Tea Party was to pass a group of laws called the Intolerable Act • These laws were to punish the Massachusetts colonies for the destroyed tea.