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Unit 1 Part III. The American Colonies. Warm-up 8/30/2012. Would you willingly leave your home to start a new life if the government did not respect your basic rights? Explain why. What is a colony?. A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.

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unit 1 part iii

Unit 1 Part III

The American Colonies

warm up 8 30 2012
Warm-up 8/30/2012
  • Would you willingly leave your home to start a new life if the government did not respect your basic rights? Explain why.
what is a colony
What is a colony?
  • A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
what is mercantilism and how did it motivate colonialism
What is mercantilism and how did it motivate colonialism?
  • Theory that a country’s power depended on its wealth
  • Encouraged countries to export more than import
  • Colonies where a source of raw materials for the mother countries industries and markets for finished products
  • Hurt colonial economies.
joint stock company
Joint Stock Company
  • Colony in which investors could have part ownership and share in any profits
  • Virginia, North and South Carolina
proprietary colony
Proprietary Colony
  • Colony owned and controlled by an owner
  • New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Massachusetts
royal colony
Royal Colony
  • Colony owned and ruled by the King
  • Eventually all the colonies were reclaimed by the King
charter
Charter
  • Written document granting land and the authority to establish a colonial government
economic opportunities
Economic Opportunities
  • Potential to acquire land and wealth
  • Cash Crops – agricultural products that could be sold (i.e. tobacco)
  • Indentured Servants – people who promised to be servants for a time in exchange for passage to the colonies
forced
Forced
  • Africans were enslaved to be cheap labor
  • Plantation System – agricultural system in southern colonies for mass producing cash crops
  • Middle Passage – the journey from African to the Americas
triangular trade route
Triangular Trade Route
  • The Pattern of trade between Africa, Europe and the Americas
the triangular trade route
The Triangular Trade Route
  • From Europe to Africa – alcohol and iron products (weapons)
  • From Africa to the Americas – African men, women and children
  • From the Americas to Europe – tobacco, rice, indigo, rum, and other raw materials