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The Integrity Project. State Audit Office of Hungary Péter KLOTZ dr., professional associate 23-25 November 2011 , Budapest Seminar for SAIs Against Fraud and Corruption. Strengthening Integrity Based Administrative Culture. Why Integrity Project?. New role of the SAO of Hungary

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The integrity project

The Integrity Project

State Audit Office of HungaryPéter KLOTZ dr., professional associate23-25November 2011, Budapest Seminar for SAIs Against Fraud and Corruption

Strengthening Integrity Based Administrative Culture

Why integrity project
Why Integrity Project?

  • New role of the SAO of Hungary

  • European financial support

  • Corruption situation

  • Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption (integrity)

1 the new role of the sao of hungary
1. The new role of the SAO of Hungary

  • Former: follow-up type audits

    • Dangers: not effective

    • Can’t prevent irregularities

  • SAO in larger sense

    • Not only controlling but advising, guiding

  • Higher responsibility against citizens

    • Sound management of public funds

  • SAO’s Stategy (2010-2015)

    • Integrity as a core value

2 european financial support
2. European financial support

  • European Social Fund (Operative Program for State Reconstruction – New Széchenyi Plan)

  • Project Budget – 1.05 million EUR

  • Assistance of the State Audit Office of Hungary (rooms, technical assistance and maintaining of the results – 5 years)

3 corruption situation in hungary
3. Corruption situation in Hungary

  • EC – Survey (2009) – 95% of the Hungarians agreed that corruption is a major problem in Hungary

  • No organization dealing only with corruption issues

    • Prosecution – Prosecution Service & Police

    • Legal background – Ministry of Justice and Public Administration

    • Training – National Institute of Public Administration

    • Coordination – Government Commissioner (lack of capacity)

4 prevention based approach in the fight against corruption i
4. Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption I.

  • New approach in Hungary

    • Former: repression, punishment-focused approach

    • Forrunner experiences: social crime prevention

  • Difficulties in the criminal procedure:

    • collecting evidences is difficult

    • mutual confidence of the participants

  • Focusing on the organisation

    • no general anti-corruption policy

    • no general legal obligations or requirements

4 prevention based approach in the fight against corruption ii
4. Prevention – based approach in the fight against corruption II.

  • Public administration

    • dissemination of a new organisational culture

    • „best practices”

  • Status of the SAO of Hungary

    • independence

    • professionalism

    • respect

  • Anomia and norms

The integrity project general informations
The Integrity Project – general informations corruption II.

The goals of the project:

  • To change administrative culture and officials’ attitude

  • To innovate

  • To measure budgetary organs (bench marking)

  • To „open public sphere” (transparency, accountability)

  • To develop audit methodologies 

  • To train the civil servants

  • To help governmental bodies

Project features
Project features corruption II.

  • Project owner: State Audit Office of Hungary (SAO)

  • Start of implementation: 01. 12. 2009.

  • End of Project: 30. 04. 2012. (+5 years)

  • Project budget: 1,05 million euro

  • Ratio of EU subsidies: 100%

  • EU funding: NDP2007-2013(European Social Fund)

The integrity project

Project content corruption II.

  • Country-wide survey for public organizations exploring the state’s corruption protection system (integrity risk register)  

  • Conclusions about each participant’s level of risk are visualized in digital „risk maps” accessible for all via Internet

  • Scientific research, analysis, publications, recommendations

  • Create new methodologies for integrity risk management

  • Professional trainings, conferences:

    • public servants (leaders and auditors)

    • foreign professionals (Eastern-Europe, Western Balkans);

Project s milestones
Project’s milestones corruption II.

  • Preparation (project organization, preliminary communication) 

  • Project administration

  • Ensuring Transparency

  • Development of a multi-purpose electronic data collecting and processing application platform framework 

  • Data collection

  • Data processing and analysis

  • Organization of programs for target groups, interested third parties and the public

  • Development of methodology

  • Publication

  • Professional and executive education

  • Drafting proposals for state intervention

  • Horizontal measures (upon the EU requirements)

  • Follow-up period (5 years after 2012)

  • Closing of the Project

Expected effects
Expected effects corruption II.

  • Changes in officials’ and leaders’ personal attitude

  • Transparency on the up grade

  • Widening knowledge:

    • Nature of corruption

    • Integrity

    • Organizational risks

    • Methodologies (risk-management, integrity audit)

    • Smart solutions (e-form, e-learning, GIS)

  • Increased joint responsibility, change of culture

Elaboration of training methodology
Elaboration of training methodology corruption II.

  • What is integrity?

    • Linguistic problems: „integritás” or „integrált” or „integráns” or „integráló”?

  • How to translate theory (integrity) into the praxis?

    • Role of norms and values in the public administration

    • Hierarchy or egality

    • Commitment and busy

      high-level public servants

  • Aversion to the trainings

    • „playing ball”

Trainings for public servants
Trainings for public servants corruption II.

  • Main goals

    • disseminate integrity aproach/changes in the organisational culture

    • sensibilisation

    • networking

  • In facts

    • 6 weeks,

    • ~230 participants

E learning development i
E-learning development I. corruption II.

  • Main goals

    • Disseminate knowledge about corruption, integrity and organization development

    • Increase commitment of public servants

    • Reach the „critical mass”

  • Using ILIAS open source software

  • Using available infrastructures of

    the National Institute of Public Administration

Results till now
Results till now corruption II.

  • Elaborated corruption risk methodology

  • Corruption Risk Map available via Internet

  • Geoinformatics System

  • Integrity appears in the education materials of public servants

  • Training methodology & materials

  • Project proposals for public administration organizations

  • Trained public servants and trainer candidates

  • Professional contacts with NGOs and Government

Tasks to do
Tasks to do… corruption II.

  • Cooperation agreement with the National Institute of Public Administration (December 2011)

  • Publications of the scientific researches (January 2012)

  • New Integity Surwey (January-February 2012)

  • E-learning curriculum (February 2012)

  • Proposal for the legislator (February 2012)

To summarize
To summarize… corruption II.