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Scholarly Communication and institutional repositories. Dr. Tom Graham University Librarian University of Newcastle upon Tyne 4 March 2003. Is there a scholarly communication crisis?. There is a serials price problem for libraries

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scholarly communication and institutional repositories

Scholarly Communication and institutional repositories

Dr. Tom Graham

University Librarian

University of Newcastle upon Tyne

4 March 2003

is there a scholarly communication crisis
Is there a scholarly communication crisis?
  • There is a serials price problem for libraries
  • There may less of a problem with communication between authors and readers
    • Informal networks
    • Initial dissemination
    • Formal refereed publication
responses
Responses
  • Co-operation
  • Competition

Responses to what?

institutional repositories where do they fit
Institutional repositories – where do they fit?
  • Preservation of digital material
  • Alternative to publishing
  • Remedying the serials crisis
  • Online courseware
  • Maximising the impact of research effort

(Harnad, 2003)

Which?

what are the benefits impacts 1
What are the benefits/impacts? (1)
  • Authors
    • Wide dissemination
    • Increased citation – evidence
    • Possibility of easy searching, if OAI-compatible
  • Institution
    • Raise profile (possibly keep up with the Jones’s)
    • Manage intellectual assets (research output)
    • Might impact on periodical prices
what is involved 1
What is involved? (1)
  • Setting-up – E-prints software
  • Content management
    • Document types
    • Formats
    • Preservation
    • Metadata creation
what is involved 2
What is involved ? (2)
  • Institutional support
    • University research bodies
  • Academic support
    • Benefits
    • IPR issues
    • Quality issues
    • Relation to mainstream publishing
examples
Examples
  • CDL, DSpace, Ohio Knowledge Bank
  • Utrecht
  • UK – SHERPA
    • Collaborative – 6 partners and ? associates
    • Investigate IPR, quality, technical and management issues
and scholarly communication
…and Scholarly Communication?
  • Competition or co-operation?
  • “You cannot change a complex organism, you can only disturb it” (Robert Jarvis)