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Bridge Made Easy

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  1. Bridge Made Easy by Janak Parikh Bridge joins Hearts with Club, Diamond and Spade

  2. History of Bridge The  origin of playing cards was in China, where paper was invented, dates back to around the year 1120.   Originally, cards were used for fortune telling and gambling.  Cards were introduced into Italy and Spain around 1370, probably coming from Egypt.

  3. History of Bridge (Continued) • The word “BIRITCH or Russian Whist” is the name of • a 19th century card game. • It is said to have originated in Russia. • It initially was the dominant trick-playing game and enjoyed a loyal following for centuries. • The word bridge is the English pronunciation of • the game called “Biritch”.

  4. History of Bridge (Continued) • In 1857, the English began playing BRIDGE • in a “Duplicate" method • to eliminate most of the luck • associated with the deal of the cards.  • In 1883, Americans began playing inner-club matches.

  5. History of Bridge (Continued) • In 1925, the American multi-millionaire Harold Vanderbilt, introduced exciting scoring bonuses in Bridge. • With this change, auction Bridge became known as • “Contract Bridge". • In 1931, Ely Culbertson wrote the book, • titled The Culbertson Summary and  the Blue Book.

  6. History of Bridge (Continued) • Famous people and bridge: • Warren Buffet, • Dwight Eisenhower, • Omar Sharif, • Winston Churchill, • Mohandas K Gandhi, • Bill Gates, • Margaret Thatcher, • Saradar Patel.

  7. Chapter - 1 • GAME

  8. 4 Players play the game. 2 Players sitting N-S, or E-W are partners and bid a contract. • The correct name of the game is CONTRACT BRIDGE. • And the contract goes to highest bidder as it happens in auction. NORTH WEST EAST SOUTH

  9. Each Player gets 13 cards. Ascending order of Suit: Club - C, Diamond - D, Heart - H, Spade - S, and Notrump - NT 1C is 6+1= 7 tricks in C (The Lowest contract) 1D is 6+1= 7 tricks in D 1H is 6+1= 7 tricks in H 1S is 6+1=7 tricks in S 1NT is 6+1= 7 tricks in NT . 2C is 6+2= 8 tricks in C . 3C is 6+3= 9 tricks in C . 7NT is 6+7= 13 tricks in NT (The Highest contract)

  10. PHILOSOPHY OF GAME Bridge is played in Rubbers. A rubber is the best of three Games. So our interest is in winning games to make a rubber. 3NT, 4H, 4S, 5C and 5D, and onward makes a game. Note 3NT requires 9 tricks, 4H and 4S require 10 tricks, whereas 5C and 5D require 11 tricks to make a game.

  11. PHILOSOPHY OF GAME (Continued) There are 4 Aces, 4 Kings, 4 Queens, 4 Jacks in 52 cards which are higher cards called honors. They represent values - points. Ace or A - 4 points * 4 Aces = 16 points King or K - 3 points * 4 Kings = 12 Queen or Q - 2 points * 4 Queens = 8 Jack or J - 1 point * 4 Jacks = 4 -------- There are a total of 40 points in a game

  12. PHILOSOPHY OF GAME (Continued) Also note, in a suit call: Void in a suit – 3 points, Singleton – 2 points (1 point when honour is present), Doubleton – 1 point (no point when honour is present). Supporting Partner’s suit: Void in a suit – 5 points, Singleton – 3 points (2 point when honour is present), Doubleton – 1 point (no point when honour is present). Count 4 points each for 9th , 10th , 11th, 12th and 13th card in a suit

  13. PHILOSOPHY OF GAME (Continued) There are a total of 40 points in a game  A Game has 13 Tricks (hands). You require between the two partners: 20-22 points make 7-8 tricks. 22-25 points make 8-9 tricks. 25-27 points make 9-10 tricks. (Enough for Game in H, S and NT) 27-30 points make 10-11tricks. 30-36 points make 11-12 tricks. (Little Slam) 36 and more points make 12-13 tricks. (Grand Slam)

  14. Card Distribution for Opening Calls • NotrumpDistribution: • 4-3-3-3 or 4-4-3-2 or 5-3-3-2 with an honor in each suit. • Suit distribution: • Which may or may not be Notrump Distribution • S: x x x • H: x x x x • D: x x x • C: x x x • Notrump as well as Suit Distribution: • S: x • H: x xxx • D: x xxx • C: x xxx • Suit Distribution but notNotrump Distribution:

  15. Chapter: 2 BIDDING SYSTEM 5 CARD MAJOR STANDARD AMERICAN SYSTEM

  16. In this game of Bridge, you show your cards to partner (and others as well) to arrive at a right Bid (contract). The way to do this is call a convention or bidding system, and there are many in use. We follow: 5 CARD MAJOR (STANDARD AMERICAN) BIDDING SYSTEM

  17. Major Suit: H and S • Minor Suit: C and D • You make game with 4H or 4S – only 10 tricks – • which is advantageous compared to 5C or 5D – 11 tricks. • The system takes into account the length of a suit: • You require 8 card length in the suit • to effectively play in the suit. • A 5+3 card combination is • just as effective as 4+4 cards. • It helps to know weather the partner has • 5 cards in the major suit; • and this system helps bid effectively to reach game.

  18. In Bidding, the partner who bids first, makes an Opening Bid as follows: A - OPENING BID Points With Bid 36-40 5 or more cards suit or NT Dist 7C or 7D or 7H or 7S or 7NT 32-36 5 or more cards suit or NT Dist 6C or 6D or 6H or 6S or 6NT 28-32 5 or more cards suit or NT Dist 4C (Asking Aces, Gerber convention) 25-275 or more cards in H/S or NT Dist 3NT or 4H or 4S 21-24Notrump Distribution 2NT 21 or more5 or more cards suit is preferable 2C or 2D or 2H or 2S (Minimum of 4 cards suit is a must) 16-18Notrump distribution 1NT 13-205 or more cards major suit 1H or 1S 13-20No 5 card major suit 1C or 1D 9-127 or more cards suit 3C or 3D or 3H or 3S None of Above PASS

  19. A - OPENING BID BY OPPONENTS Overcalls and Doubles of One of Suit 13 or more Double, OR Overcall: 1 or 2 of suit with 5 or more cards Overcalls and Doubles of 1NT 13 or more Good suit, Overcall: 2 of a suit, IF 16 or more: Double

  20. DEAL 1 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: K x x 3 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 17 (No 5 card Major) Opening Bid?

  21. DEAL 1 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: K x x 3 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 17 (No 5 card Major) Opening Bid = 1NT

  22. DEAL 2 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: A K x 7 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 21 (No 5 card Major) Opening Bid?

  23. DEAL 2 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: A K x 7 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 21 (No 5 card Major) Opening Bid = 2 NT

  24. DEAL 3 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: A K x 7 C: A K x 7 Points Total: 25 Opening Bid?

  25. DEAL 3 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: A K x 7 C: A K x 7 Points Total: 25 Opening Bid = 3 NT

  26. DEAL 4 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x xx 7 (5 carder Heart) D: K x 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 Opening Bid?

  27. DEAL 4 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x xx 7 (5 carder Heart) D: K x 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 Opening Bid = 1H

  28. DEAL 5 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x 7 D: K x xx 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 No 5 card Major Opening Bid?

  29. DEAL 5 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x 7 D: K x xx 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 No 5 card Major Opening Bid = 1D

  30. DEAL 6 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: K x x 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 No 5 card Major Opening Bid?

  31. DEAL 6 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x x 7 D: K x x 3 C: x xx 0 Points Total: 14 No 5 card Major Opening Bid = 1D

  32. DEAL 7 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x 7 D: K x 3 C: A K x xx 7 Points Total: 21 Opening Bid ?

  33. DEAL 7 Points S: A x x 4 H: A K x 7 D: K x 3 C: A K x xx 7 Points Total: 21 Opening Bid = 2C

  34. DEAL 8 Points S: x 2 H: K x x 3 D: x x 1 C: A x x x x xx 4 Points Total: 10 with 7 cards Opening Bid ?

  35. DEAL 8 Points S: x 2 H: K x x 3 D: x x 1 C: A x x x x xx 4 Points Total: 10 with 7 cards Opening Bid = 3C

  36. The other partner makes a Supporting Bid as follows: B - SUPPORTING BID I - Supporting Opening Bid of 1 of a MAJOR Suit: 1H or 1S (13-20) points Points With Bid 0-5Pass 6-9i) with 3 or more cards in partner’s major suit, give Single Raise on 1H bid 2H on 1S bid 2S OR, ii) bid a new suit with 4 or more cards at 1 Level only on 1H bid 1S OR, iii)with none of above – Bid 1NT on 1H, or on 1S bid 1NT (Note: 1NT indicates just 6 to 9 points)

  37. DEAL 8 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x x 0 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: x x x 0 Points Total: 4 Your Supporting Bid?

  38. DEAL 8 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x x 0 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: x x x 0 Points Total: 4 Your Supporting Bid = PASS (Less than 6 points)

  39. DEAL 9 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x x 0 H: A x x 4 D: x x xx 0 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 7 Supporting Bid?

  40. DEAL 9 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x x 0 H: A x x 4 D: x xxx 0 C: K x x 3 Points Total: 7 Supporting Bid = 2S (3 carder Spades & 7 points)

  41. DEAL 10 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x 0 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K x xx 3 Points Total: 7 Supporting Bid?

  42. DEAL 10 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: x x 0 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K x xx 3 Points Total: 7 Supporting Bid = 1NT (No 3 carder Spades & 7 points)

  43. B - SUPPORTING BID (Continued) I - Supporting Opening Bid of 1 of a MAJOR Suit: 1H or 1S (13-20) points Points With Bid 10-12 with 4 or more cards in a new suit, Bid a new suit on 1H bid 1S or 2C or 2D on 1S bid 2C or 2D or 2H (Note: responding at 2 Level in a new suit, 10 or more points are must)

  44. DEAL 11 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x 4 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K x xx 3 Points Total: 11 Supporting Bid?

  45. DEAL 11 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x 4 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K x xx 3 Points Total: 11 Supporting Bid= 2C (show 10-12 points, 4 carder Club)

  46. B - SUPPORTING BID (Continued) I - Supporting Opening Bid of 1 of a MAJOR Suit: 1H or 1S (13-20) points Points With Bid 13 or morei) with 3 or more cards support in partner’s major suit, JUMP call (inviting Game) on 1H bid 3H on 1S bid 3S OR, ii)with no support in major suit, JUMP call (inviting Game) on 1H bid 2S or 2 NT or 3C or 3D on 1S bid 2NT or 3C or 3D or 3H

  47. DEAL 12 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x x 4 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K Q x 5 Points Total: 13 Supporting Bid ?

  48. DEAL 12 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x x 4 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K Q x 5 Points Total: 13 Supporting Bid = Jump:3S (game points - 13 and more & 3 or more carder Spade)

  49. DEAL 13 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x 4 H: A x xx 4 D: x x x 0 C: K Q x x 5 Points Total: 13 Supporting Bid ?

  50. DEAL 13 PARTNER’S OPENING CALL: 1S (showing 13-20 points and 5 cards in Spades) AS SUPPORTER YOU HOLD: Points S: A x 4 H: A x x x 4 D: x x x 0 C: K Q x x 5 Points Total: 13 Supporting Bid = Jump: 3C (game points - 13 and more & No 3 carder Spade, and 4 carder Club)