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Earth Observation Enhancing Partnerships to Benefit the Globe. Brigadier General John J. Kelly, Jr., United States Air Force (Ret.) Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere NOAA Deputy Administrator 06.22.2004. Evolving World—Evolving Needs. Benefits of Observations.

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earth observation enhancing partnerships to benefit the globe

Earth ObservationEnhancing Partnerships to Benefit the Globe

Brigadier General John J. Kelly, Jr., United States Air Force (Ret.)

Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere

NOAA Deputy Administrator


benefits of observations
Benefits of Observations

Terrestrial, Coastal & Marine Ecosystems

Water Resources

Natural & Human Induced Disasters

Energy Resources

Sustainable Agriculture & Desertification

Human Health & Well-Being


Weather Information, Forecasting & Warning

Climate Variability & Change

geoss development of the global earth observation system of systems
GEOSS Development of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems
  • World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)
    • Called on countries to foster international cooperation and coordination among global observing systems and research programs
  • G8 Science & Technology Action Plan
    • Ministers meeting at Evian echoed the charge from WSSD, identifying global observations as one of three priorities and calling on the nations of the G8 to develop close coordination and build on existing work to develop a multi year plan
earth observation summit i
Earth Observation Summit I


20International Organizations

July 31, 2003

Washington, D.C.

ad hoc intergovernmental group on earth observations geo
Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations (GEO)
  • Goal: Develop 10-Year Implementation Plan
  • 47 Countries + EC & 29 International Organizations currently represented
  • Four Intergovernmental Chairs:
    • Mr. Akio Yuki, Japan
    • Mr. Achilleas Mitsos, European Commission
    • Dr. Rob Adam, South Africa
    • VADM Conrad Lautenbacher, Jr., USN (Ret.), United States
  • Open Membership
geo 1 4
GEO 1-4
  • Established 5 Subgroups
    • Architecture
    • Capacity Building
    • Data Utilization
    • International Cooperation
    • User Requirements & Outreach
  • Societal Benefits Focus
  • Established Implementation Plan Task Team (IPTT)
      • David Williams, EUMETSAT
      • Toshio Koike, Tokyo University
      • Robert Scholes, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
      • Ivan DeLoatch, United States Geographical Survey
  • Finalized Framework & Communiqué

Washington, DC

Baveno, Italy

Cape Town, South Africa

Tokyo, Japan

earth observation summit ii
Earth Observation Summit II
  • 43 Ministers & Heads of Delegation in attendance
  • 25 International Organizations represented
  • Prime Minister Koizumi gave keynote on importance of observations to the global environment and economy
  • Adopted Framework for Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), along with Ministerial Communiqué
the road ahead
The Road Ahead
  • Critical Work Ahead – Ministerial Approval
    • 10 Year Implementation Plan
    • Technical Blueprint
    • Communiqué of EOS-III
  • GEO-5: November ’04, Ottawa, Canada
  • GEO-6: February ’05, Brussels, Belgium
  • Earth Observation Summit III: February ’05, Brussels, Belgium
role of space based systems
Role of Space-Based Systems
  • Pivotal Part of Earth Information System
  • Global Reach
  • Increasing Potential
  • Capabilities Complemented by In-situ Systems
  • Partnerships are Essential to Success of GEOSS
    • Governments, industry, academia, and nongovernmental organizations
  • India and U.S. Already Work Together in Multilateral Fora
  • Solid Foundation from Which to Work
    • Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
    • Integrated Global Observing Strategy (IGOS)
    • International Charter on Space and Major Disasters
    • Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS)
  • NOAA-India Bilateral Relationship
    • MOU for Science Cooperation in the Areas of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences
  • Partnership Was Forged to Address Similar Challenges
    • Large populations in floodplains and coastal regions
    • Areas vulnerable to severe weather events and natural disasters
  • Significant Benefit to Enhancing Cooperation
geoss exploring earth
GEOSS: Exploring Earth
  • Opportunity to Enhance Our Understanding of the Globe
  • Global System of Systems
    • India and U.S. are contributors
    • Multilateral and bilateral relationship is part of the bigger picture
  • Objective: Improved Information for Better Decisions
    • Address human health, safety and welfare
    • Protect the environment
    • Achieve sustainable development
more information
More Information
participating organizations
Participating Organizations
  • Association for the Development of Environmental Information (ADIE)
  • Central American Commission for the Environment and Development (SICA/CCAD)
  • Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
  • European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
  • European Environmental Agency (EEA)
  • European Space Agency (ESA)
  • European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  • Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)
  • Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
  • Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS)
  • Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P)
  • Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commissions (IOC)
participating organizations contd
Participating Organizations(Contd.)
  • International Council for Science (ICSU)
  • International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
  • International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA)
  • International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)
  • Network of European Meteorological Services/Composite Observing System (EUMETNET/EUCOS)
  • Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO)
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)
  • World Bank (IBRD)
  • World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)