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ICT Development in Myanmar by U Zaw Tint Secretary e-National Task Force Myanmar. Contents. Brief about Myanmar Present Telecom Infrastructure Myanmar ICT Industry ICT Development Policy & Implementation e-Government Initiative. 1. Brief about Myanmar.

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slide1

ICT

Development in Myanmar

by

U Zaw Tint

Secretary

e-National Task Force

Myanmar

ICT Development in Myanmar

contents
Contents
  • Brief about Myanmar
  • Present Telecom Infrastructure
  • Myanmar ICT Industry
  • ICT Development Policy & Implementation
  • e-Government Initiative

ICT Development in Myanmar

1 brief about myanmar
1. Brief about Myanmar

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide4

Myanmar and Neighboring Countries

1338 Km

2204 Km

271 Km

238 Km

2832 Km

2107 Km

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide5

Brief About Myanmar

  • Area 677,000 Square km
  • (50% of area is covered with forest)
  • North to south 2090 Kilometer
  • East to west 925 Kilometer
  • Population 52.4 million
  • Pop Growth Rate 1.84%
  • Pop living in rural area 80%
  • National Races 135
  • GDP Growth rate 5.9 % (1991-92)

11.1% (2002-03)

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide7

Telecommunication Infrastructure

Population 52.4 million

Telephone 338,000

Exchange

Auto Exchange 125

Manual Exchange 569

Transit Exchange 4

International Exchange 1

Mobile Exchange 6

Packet Exchange 1

Internet Gateway 1

Microwave Stations

Digital 187

Analogue 41

Earth Station

International Stations 1

Domestic Stations (SCPC + VSAT) 20

International Submarine Cable Landing Point 1

Total Telephone Channel ( Sat + Submarine cable ) 1649

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide8

Telecommunication Infrastructure

Mobile Systems

CDMA (1996) 29758

D-AMPS (1992) 8492

GSM (2000) 21261

Total Mobile Telephone 59,511

Internet Backbone

Satellite

Thaicom 1 4 MB

Thaicom 2 4 MB

Jset 2 MB

Optical Fiber Submarine

SEA-ME-WE 3 6 MB

National Backbone

Optical fiber from Yangon to Mandalay

Microwave Link Cover all over Myanmar

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide9

6

Domestic Satellite Communications

ylwmtdk

6

cÊD:

wedkif:

yef:0g

ThaiCom 1-A

wrl:

6

rif:wyf

6

avmufudkif

uGrf:vHk

6

rdkif:vm:

wef.<ef:

8

Mandalay

bl:oD:awmif

rdkif:yGef

rdkif:wHk

6

zmyGef

10

8

Yangon

]r0wD

aiGaqmiffh

Domsat Stations (5)

8

VSAT Stations (15)

úrdwf

bkwf]yif:

Main HUB Stations (2)

ICT Development in Myanmar

aumhaomif:

20

slide10

Overseas Communications

Thaicom 1-A(120 E)

Intelsat(60 E)

Measat(148 E)

Korea(45 Chs)

Thai

(60 Ch)

2 Mbps

China(30 Chs)

Germany(15 Chs)

Australia(16 Chs)

UK(59 Chs)

Singapore (120 Chs)

Yangon

Thanlyin

Taiwan (8 Chs)

Malaysia(15 Chs)

Landing Point

Thailand (89 Chs)

R401

Kalahtaik

Malaysia

(89 Ch)

R402

Japan (55 Chs)

R403

Brunei(5 Chs)

R404

R405

Hong Kong(90 Chs)

Myeik

R406

Japan(30) Ch

R407

Total (547 Ch)

R408

UK(30) Ch

R409

Malaysia(477) Ch)+ 4Mbps

R410

R411

Singapore(386) Ch)

R412

Thai (30 Ch)

R413

R414

HKT (2 Mbps)

R415

R416

Branching Unit

- 4. 4

From Mumbai

640,000 MIU-KM

Channel ~ 20000

Tuas Station

ICT Development in Myanmar

To Tuas

Total International Telephone Channels = 1649

slide11

Internet Infrastructure

Internet Service Provider

Myanma Posts and Telecoms

Bagan Cyebertech

Internet Subscriber 5,000

Internet user 25,000

Highspeed Internet user 1,000

Intranet Domains 600

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide12

MPT- Internet System Configuration

Thai Com III

Optical Fibre

OCMI (U Wisara Rd)

Thai Com I

1 MBit

Router

Bagan Cybertech

(University Ave:)

Wireless

1 MBit

Router

Optical Fibre

Gateway Router

Bagan Cybertech

(MICT PARK)

Global

Internet Backbone

1 Megabit

2 MBit

GigaBit

Router

1 Megabit

6 Megabit

Proxy Server

Seame we 3

Submarine Cable

Access Servers for

(1) X.25 Users

(2) Internet Users

(3) E.Mail Users

Firewall

Server

Servers

(1) Domain Name Server

(2) Mail Server

(3) Web Server

(4) Account Server

X.25 Packet

Switch Network

Telephone

Network

ICT Development in Myanmar

Dialup Users

(Including ISDN Users)

Leased Line

Users

slide13

Internet Backbone ( 2003 )

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide14

Connectivity from BCT Teleport to MPT

ODF

24 slots

SC pigtail

ODF

24 slots

SC pigtail

GEIP

INTERNET

Cisco core router 7513

Gigabit Ethernet

(Packet switch)

Cisco core router 7507

Gigabit Ethernet

(Data Center 1)

Optical Fibre Route 1

12 fibres , single mode, 6Km 1Gbps

4 x E1

ISDN PRI

4 x E1

ISDN PRI

VoIP switch

&Dial-up Access

Multiplexer

UMAX 1500

(ITMC)

Toll Switch

( TMX 100)

Multiplexer

UMUX 1500

Optical Fibre Route 2

18 fibres , single mode, 6Km 1Gbps

TB

SDH

STM – 1

155 Mbps

MDF

Local Switch

(TMX-100)

100 Analog

phones

SDH

STM – 1

155 Mbps

100 pairs

copper

cable

100 pairs

copper

cable

100 Analog

phone

lines

(652xxx)

BCT Facilities

MPT Facilities

BCT Teleport

(Hlaing College Campus)

MPT

(Mayangone)

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide15

Fiber Optic Connections

1. International Link : SEA-ME-WE-3 Submarine Cable

: 1,142 km (branching point & landing point)

2. National Link : Present status is the fiber link between the capital Yangon and second capital city Mandalay. Near future fiber core network will be connecting all major cities in Myanmar.

3. Metro Access Link : All exchanges in Yangon and Mandalay have been connected with the metro fiber links. Most of them are TDM transmission (PDH/SDH) and the rest is IP links.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide16

Info-communication services

  • Current info-communication services are as follow -
  • Legacy PSTN voice services. (Fixed and Mobile)
  • Data Communication Services
  • IP data services : (Internet, e-Mail, VPN)
  • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) service
  • Broadband Internet Access Services

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide17

Telecom Services

Telephone Penetration 0.6 %

Telephones 338,000

Public Telephone 10,000

Rural Telephone Service 500 (10% coverage)

Packet Data services are available.

IP Telephone market is expanding rapidly.

Telecom Players

MPT (Myanma Posts & Telecom-Government) (under the Ministry of Communications, Posts & Telegraphs is operator and regulator)

Bagan Cybertech (Semi Government Company)

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide18

Data Communication Services in Myanmar

  • 1980 Telex
  • 1.4.1993 Computer Telegraph
  • 12.11.1997 X.400 e-Mail (YGN , MDY)
  • January, 2000 Internet/e-Mail (13,800+)
  • January, 2002 Cyber Cafe (YGN , MDY)

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide19

IP Services

FTP

e-mail

Web hosting/browsing

Server Co-location

Internet/Intranet

Video-conferencing

VoIP/IP Phone

Broadband Access

Wireless local loop

Broadband Satellite (IP Star)

Rural Telephony

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide20

Broadband Access Service

  • There are 5 types of broadband access can be used in country -
  • VSAT Satellite Access
  • iPSTAR Broadband Satellite Access
  • Broadband Wireless Local Loop (BWLL)
  • Direct Fibre Access
  • ADSL Access

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide21

Strategic Development Objectives

  • Rapid convergence of Data and Voice, and requirement of Band Width must be taken into account;
  • Efforts will continue for Telecom Infrastructure development
  • Initiatives must be taken for private sector participation and FDI attainment;
  • Liberalization is to proceed according to the e-ASEAN Framework Agreement implementation plan.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide22

Future Plan of Info communication

  • To expand the Fiber network
  • VOIP tech. on International Telephone Calls
  • Video on Demand over BWA
  • To expand the Rural Telephony

ICT Development in Myanmar

3 myanmar ict industry
3. Myanmar ICT Industry

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide24

Profile of Local Market

  • The total market US$ 20 million
  • 80% - Hardware and Computer
  • 19% - Software and IT Services
  • 1% - Imported Software and Services
  • The IT market is estimated to grow between 10-20% per year.
  • Large part of this growth is due to Internet related IT services.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide25

Market Product/Service Characteristics

  • 90% of Software and IT Services are sold to commercial
  • Commercial Market
  • Mainly of customized applications
  • Small and highly cost-sensitive.
  • End-users of software are banks.
  • Producing commercial business applications such as:
    • Accounting packages
    • Computer based training (CBT)
    • WEB enabled application development
    • Multimedia and games to a limited extent.
  • Government Market
  • Largest consumer of information technology
  • Need to establish government-wide information systems
  • Requires Standardization and Compatibility
    • in data models and structure
    • Telecommunications protocols
    • Computing environments

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide26

Industry Structure and Capabilities

  • At the very early stages of development
  • There are some 50 companies engaged in software, Internet web site and content development
  • Only half of them may be considered software developers.
  • 50 firms together employ about 4,000 people, with an average of some 80 employees per firm.
  • The industry is predominantly selling to the domestic market
  • Foreign direct investment in the industry is very low.
  • Despite the small supply base, competition at the local level is high because of the smaller domestic market demand

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide27

Company Characteristics

  • Lack of demand in the domestics market and limited access to regional and global markets most IT companies are small and engaged in relatively narrow range of activities.
  • Most firms are re-sellers hardware vendors and computer assemblers.
  • Weakness
    • Small size and fragmentation
    • Limited capitalization
    • Limited collaboration and scale
    • Limited foreign investment
    • Lack of critical skills
    • Lack of use of leading tools and technologies in Project Management
    • Lack of quality assurance
    • High labor turnover rates
  • Strengths
    • Availability of highly skilled “raw talent.”
    • Tools and technologies

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide29

Vision

To become a major contributor to the country’s economy and strategic interest and internationally recognized exporter of ICT products and services.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide30

Overall Goals

1 To position Myanmar favorably within the knowledge-based economy of the future.

2. Facilitate modernization of both the Government and private sector.

3. To develop IT Industry to become one of main economic sectors.

4. To facilitate the growth of e-Commerce at national, regional and international levels.

5. Wide spread application of IT to improve the educational level of the whole population.

6. To develop human resources so that sufficient IT professionals are available for both IT industry and IT application.

7. To create an IT intelligent society.

8. To reduce the digital divide.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide31

Some Benefits of Accelerated IT Sector Growth

  • Economics Benefits
  • Increased employment of professionals
  • Exports/foreign exchange generation
  • Foreign direct investment
  • Government revenues
  • Social Benefits
  • Empowered population
  • Improved public services
  • Better education
  • Strategic Benefits
  • Greater efficiency of Government
  • Creation of a knowledge-base economy
  • Enhanced economic competitiveness
  • Less dependent on traditional markets

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide32

Software and IT Services Development Strategy

Regulatory

Framework

Government

Support

Human

Resource

Development

Vision

Goals

Targets

Infrastructure

IT Industry

Development

Capital and

Financing

ICT Development in Myanmar

ict industry development
ICT Industry Development

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide34

Myanmar Computer Science Development Law 1996

Myanmar Computer Science Development Council 1996

Myanmar Computer Federation 1998

Myanmar Computer

Scientist

Association

Myanmar Computer

Industry

Association

Myanmar Computer

Enthusiasts

Association

ICT Industry Development

Action 1: Establish IT Industry Association

  • Objectives: To focus on the following activities for ICT Industry development in Myanmar.
        • Advisory to the Council
        • Marketing and Promotion
        • Networking and Collaboration

Status:

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide35

ICT Industry Development

Action 2: Joint Collaboration among ICT Companies

Objectives: To develop work jointly on National project and develop the necessary scale for export project.

Status: 1. The consortium of 50 ICT companies was formed in 2001.

2. Myanmar ICT Development Corporation (MICTDC)

3. Activities

- Develop Myanmar ICT Park with international facilities in

Yangon & Mandalay

- Develop home-grown solution for e-Government

- Provide ICT related services

- Provide infrastructure for ICT company

- Finding local & overseas markets

- Human Resource Development

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide36

ICT Industry Development

  • Action 3: Improve Capabilities of ICT Companies
  • Objectives: To increase firm level capabilities in terms of
      • Internal Management
      • Project Management
      • Business Processes
    • Status The following activity are arranged by MICTDC & MCF
      • Seminar and Workshop, Training
      • On Job Training Program (Joint with CICC Japan)
      • Develop software Quality Certification (CMMI) Program
  • (Joint with Software Park Thailand)

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide37

ICT Industry Development

  • Action 4: Develop Sector Marketing Strategy
  • Objectives: To promote Myanmar’s ICT Products and Services to
        • Key local sector
        • Government Offices
        • Regional and International Market
      • Status: Activities are arrange by Association
        • Business matching program
        • Trade shows and Exhibitions
        • National ICT Awards Program

ICT Development in Myanmar

regulatory framework strengthening
Regulatory Framework Strengthening

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide39

Regulatory Framework Strengthening

Objectives: To Facilitate a regulatory environment that is supportive to National ICT Development

Status: 1885 Myanmar Telegraph Act

1934 Myanmar Wireless Telegraphy Acts

September 1996 Myanmar Computer Science Development Law

July 2002 Wide Area Network Notification

Jan 2004 Trying to setup the national CA.

Initially start with National Registration Authority (RA).

(Q1) 2004 Electronic Transaction Law

(waiting for approval)

(Q4) 2004 Telecommunication Law

ICT Development in Myanmar

human resource development
Human Resource Development

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide41

Human Resource Development

  • Action 1: Working with institutions to focus on critical skills
  • Objectives: To develop curricula and set standards that meet the ICT Industry’s Human Resource needs.
  • Status: Public Sector Two universities (dedicated to IT) and 24 Computer Colleges
  • Private Sector 50 over Private Training Institutions.
  • IT Professional Training (2000-2001 to 2005-2006)

- Plan to setup ICT departments in all universities under MOE.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide42

Human Resource Development

  • Action 2: Collaborate with Oversea Organizations
  • Objectives: To establish numerous state of-the-art software/ICT programs through collaboration between oversea organizations
  • Status: • CICC Onside Training Courses
  • • Joint ICT Training Programs
  • (Conduct by Singapore, Japan and India)
  • • Japan Myanmar e-Learning Center (MICT Park)
  • • MCSA/JTEC Certificate Program (Japan)
  • • Scholarship programs

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide43

Human Resource Development

  • Action 3: Implement e-Learning Initiative
  • Objectives: To develop more dynamic, technology-based learning environment for students.
  • Status: • Setting up 900 over Multimedia class rooms and computer labs in all high schools, some middle and primary schools all over the country.
  • • Opening 455, e-Learning centers spread over the whole Myanmar by data casting method for distance e-Learning.
  • • Implementing “Smart School” pilot project in Yangon and trying to increase the number of internet connected school.
  • • Introduce the School Net program.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide44

Human Resource Development

Action 4: Develop ICT Skills in the Public Sector

Objectives: To train Government employees in ICT literacy using special program.

Status: • Conduct computer literacy program for Government employees.

• e-Government Management Training Program for CIO to build internal capacity for coordinating and managing

e-Government projects.

ICT Development in Myanmar

infrastructure development
Infrastructure Development

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide46

Infrastructure Development

Action 1: Increase Internet and PC Penetration Rates

Objectives: To raise the Internet and PC penetration rates lack of public awareness and high cost of hardware and software are the primary reasons.

Status: • Conduct a national campaign to heighten awareness of the Internet and its benefits.

- IT Caravan programs

(at least one trip for each year)

• To meet the demand of private citizens for low-cost computer

- Budget PC Project

- Launch at Jan 2004

- Sell under 250$ PC bundle with software

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide47

Infrastructure Development

Action 2: Building Infrastructure for e-Government Initiative

Objectives: To build infrastructure which is needed to implement the national e-Government initiative.

Status: • Building a secure Government Network (On going)

• To build high-speed Fiber Optics network between Ministries and Departments.

• Setting up basic e-Government System

• Document exchange

• Electronic approval

• Document Distribution and store

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide48

Infrastructure Development

Action 3: Initiative Private Sector-Led ICT Park

Myanmar ICT Park was established in January 2002 (Yangon).

Concept Government lead-Private Sector Driven

Location Hlaing Campus

Size 30 Acres (accommodated 70 Software Company)

Ownership Private

Function Promoter and regulator

Facilitator/Catalyst

Incubating Center

Provider of Infrastructure

Interface with industry and government

International gateway

Second ICT Park was established in August 2003 at Mandalay.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide49

Infrastructure Development

Action 4: Strengthen the connectivity Development

Objectives: To provide adequate infrastructure for connectivity (Broadband)

Status: • Establishing V-SAT satellite networks for the whole country.

• Connection with SEA-ME-WE 3 submarine cable for international gateway.

• Connecting fiber line between two major cities:

Yangon and Mandalay.

• Establishing broadband wireless networks in Yangon & Mandalay.

• Establishing iPstar broadband satellite communication systems for the whole Myanmar.

• Planning to provide ADSL Service in Yangon within a few

months.

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide50

Infrastructure Development

Action 5: Establishing the public Internet Access Center

Objectives: To increase public access to internet

Status: • 24 Cyber Cafe’ had opened in Yangon and Mandalay

since July 2003.

• Plan to open, nationwide within a year.

• It will include walk in internet access and IT support services.

• Community Access Center

- Planning to establish Community Cyber Center in every

town & city.

- Government and Private Sector can than use satellite-based

internet & phone even in rural area.

- Going step by step from divisional & state cities to district &

township within a year.

ICT Development in Myanmar

government support
Government Support

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide52

Government Support

  • Action 1: Establish Private-Public Council
  • Objectives: To establish a high-level Council to facilitate support to the National ICT Development
  • Status: • e-National Task Force was formed in October 2000 to monitor and complement the project implementation of the e-ASEAN framework agreement.
  • • Seven working committee were formed under e-National Task Force to facilitate the national ICT development such as
  • • Legal Infrastructure Development
  • • ICT Infrastructure Development.
  • • ICT Education and Human Resource Development
  • • e-Application
  • • ICT Products Liberalization
  • • ICT Standardization
  • • e-Measurement

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide53

Government Support

Action 2: Implement e-Government Program and National ICT Projects

Objectives: To enhance the quality of services and information provide to its citizen.

Status: • Smart Card - Rolled out 2000 cards for MOD (June 2002)

• e-Passport - Start with 5000 passports (August 2002)

• Smart School - Launched at (3) High Schools (October 2002)

• e-Visa - Rolled out (Launched in January 2004)

• Certification Authority (Launched in January 2004)

• e-Procurement - (Launched in January 2004)

• TEDI (Trade Electronic Data Interchange) - On going

ICT Development in Myanmar

slide54

Government Support

  • Action 3: Development of National Portal
  • Objectives: To deliver Government’s Information and Services efficiently
  • Status: • e-Commerce
  • • e-Government (Government Information System)
  • • e-Society
  • • Current Bagan Cybertech Portal
  • - TradeNet
  • - e-Reservation and e-Banking
    • - e-Shopping
    • - e-Government and e-Media
    • - e-Learning
    • - e-Bookstore and e-Journal
    • - More than 10 ministries are developing websites to
    • provide information.
    • - Some will develop service-oriented websites very soon.

ICT Development in Myanmar

e government projects
e-Government Projects

ICT Development in Myanmar

smart card
Smart Card
  • Rolled out in June 2002.
  • 2000 smart cards has been issued to officials of Ministry of Defense.
  • Containing personal, health and biometric information.
  • Planning to use as

- Driver license

- National registration

- Security checking

- Cash with drawals card

ICT Development in Myanmar

e passport
e-Passport
  • Launched in August 2002.
  • Embed passports with computer chip
  • Containing personal & biometric (finger print) information
  • Released 5000 passport in its initial phase

(3500 for business users and 1500 for diplomatic & officials)

ICT Development in Myanmar

smart schools
Smart Schools
  • Launched in October 2002
  • Collaborated with the MDC (Malaysia)
  • Lessons to be prepared in a central server and distributed to all participating schools via internet
  • Students & teachers can also access the computer-based training Digital Library and other teaching & learning tools
  • Three schools have been included and planned to expand it to other schools in future.

ICT Development in Myanmar

e visa
e-Visa
  • Launched in January 2004.
  • People planning to visit Myanmar can get visa information on line
  • Can submit the visa application on line
  • Can do the payment on line

ICT Development in Myanmar

certification authority
Certification Authority
  • Launched in Jan 2004
  • Focus on secure transaction
  • Including digital signatures & certificate
  • To setup the national CA. Initially start with National Registration Authority (RA).

ICT Development in Myanmar

e procurement
e-Procurement
  • Soft launched in Jan 2004
  • Can operate in (Q2)2004
  • Government purchasing will be done on line
  • 8 Ministries will participate in first phase
  • Tender, direct purchase, catalogue will be included

ICT Development in Myanmar

ict to rural area
ICT to Rural Area
  • Initiated by PTD. (Telecom Authority, under MPT)
  • Setting up multipurpose Community Tele Center at Phaunggyi village. (76.8 km away from Capital City)
  • Assists by Telecommunication Development Bureau. (ITU)
  • Purpose is to develop the living standard of people in rural area.
  • Planning to install about 6000 small satellite terminals at remote areas within three years

ICT Development in Myanmar

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Myanmar's ICT sector is moving forward.
  • ICT has developed more quickly & visible than other sector in Myanmar.
  • Has made a good start in many areas such as

- Building Infrastructure

- Promoting Awareness

- Developing human resource

ICT Development in Myanmar

thank you
Thank You

ICT Development in Myanmar